Computer Networks, 5th Edition Chapter 3 Internetworking Copyright

Computer Networks, 5th Edition Chapter 3 Internetworking Copyright

Computer Networks, 5th Edition Chapter 3 Internetworking Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved 1

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.1 A switch provides a star topology. 2 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.2 Datagram forwarding: an example network. 3 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.3 An example of a virtual circuit network. 4 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.4 A packet is sent into a virtual circuit network. 5 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.5 A packet makes its way through a virtual circuit network. 6 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.6 ATM cell format at the UNI.

7 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.7 Source routing in a switched network (where the switch reads the rightmost number).

8 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.8 Three ways to handle headers for source routing: (a) rotation; (b) stripping; (c) pointer. The labels are read right to left.

9 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.9 Illustration of a learning bridge.

10 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.10 Extended LAN with loops. 11

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.11 Example of (a) a cyclic graph; (b) a corresponding spanning tree. 12

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.12 Spanning tree with some ports not selected. 13 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.13 Two virtual LANs share a common backbone. 14 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.14 A simple internetwork. Hn = host; Rn = router. 15 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.15 A simple internetwork, showing the protocol layers used to connect H5 to H8 in Figure 3.14. ETH is the protocol that runs over the Ethernet. 16 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.16 IPv4 packet header. 17 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.17 IP datagrams traversing the sequence of physical networks graphed in Figure 3.14. 18 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.18 Header fields used in IP fragmentation: (a) unfragmented packet; (b) fragmented packets. 19 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.19 IP addresses: (a) class A; (b) class B; (c) class C. 20 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.20 Subnet addressing.

21 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.21 An example of subnetting.

22 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.22 Route aggregation with CIDR. 23

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.23 ARP packet format for mapping IP addresses into Ethernet addresses. 24

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.24 A DHCP relay agent receives a broadcast DHCPDISCOVER message from a host and sends a unicast DHCPDISCOVER to the DHCP server. 25

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.25 DHCP packet format. 26

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.26 An example of virtual private networks: (a) two separate private networks; (b) two virtual private networks sharing common switches. 27

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.27 A tunnel through an internetwork. 18.5.0.1 is the address of R2 that can be reached from R1 across the internetwork. 28

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.28 Network represented as a graph. 29 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.29 Distance-vector routing: an example network. 30 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.30 Example network running RIP. 31 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.31 RIPv2 packet format. 32 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.32 Flooding of link-state packets: (a) LSP arrives at node X; (b) X floods LSP to A and C; (c) A and C flood LSP to B (but not X); (d) flooding is complete. 33 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.33 Link-state routing: an example network. 34 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.34 OSPF header format.

35 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.35 OSPF link-state advertisement.

36 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.36 Revised ARPANET routing metric versus link utilization. 37

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.37 A general-purpose processor used as a packet switch. 38

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.38 A 44 switch. 39 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.39 Simple illustration of head-of-line blocking. 40 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.40 A 44 crossbar switch. 41 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.41 A self-routing header is applied to a packet at input to enable the fabric to send the packet to the correct output, where it is removed: (a) Packet arrives at input port; (b) input port attaches self-routing header to direct packet to correct output; (c) selfrouting header is removed at output port before packet leaves switch. 42 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.42 Routing packets through a banyan network. The 3-bit numbers represent values in the self-routing headers of four arriving packets. 43 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.43 Block diagram of a router. 44 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.44 Example network for Exercises 1 and 2. 45 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.45 Network for Exercise 3.

46 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.46 Diagram for Exercise 4.

47 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.47 Diagram for Exercise 5. 48

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.48 Network for Exercises 13 and 14. 49

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.49 Network for Exercises 15 and 16. 50 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.50 Diagram for Exercise 17. 51 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.51 Extended LAN for Exercise 18. 52 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.52 Loop for Exercises 19 and 20. 53 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.53 Network for Exercises 46, 48, and 54. 54 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.54 Network for Exercise 47.

55 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.55 Site for Exercise 51.

56 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.56 Simple network for Exercise 57. 57

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.57 Networks for Exercise 60. 58

Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.58 Network for Exercise 61. 59 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.59 Network for Exercise 62. 60 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved

Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.60 Network for Exercise 63. 61 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.61 Network for Exercise 64. 62 Copyright 2012, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved Chapter 3

FIGURE 3.62 Network for Exercise 69. 63

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Aggregate characterisation in relation to bitumen-aggregate ...

    Aggregate characterisation in relation to bitumen-aggregate ...

    * * Fatigue Test Results at 20 oC and 8 Hz * * Endurance Limits at 8 Hz and 20 oC Mixture Sm,initial (GPa) ╬Álimit (10-6 m/m) 599-40 8.9 50 602-42 10.8 80 604-41 10.1 75 * * Analyzed Pavement...
  • Retrofit Together

    Retrofit Together

    The key ingredients to retrofit at scale: Every home renovated to high performance. Target standard up for debate . Every person that lives in or works in a home must have access to accurate knowledge
  • Administrative Data Quality and Measurement: A case study

    Administrative Data Quality and Measurement: A case study

    Researchers in the Nordic nations have benefited from unparalleled access to administrative social science data (see United Nations, 2007), whilst at the same time their national registers have provided the basis for a strong data structure. By contrast, in most...
  • Welcome to University Language Institute

    Welcome to University Language Institute

    Maintain good academic standing with an average grade of 70% or better in all courses. Maintain 80% attendance for each 4-week session (this needs to be similar with what we have on the student handbook)
  • Chapter 13 Basics of Electricity  Copyright 2012 Milady,

    Chapter 13 Basics of Electricity Copyright 2012 Milady,

    Cosmetologists are concerned primarily with galvanic, sinusoidal, faradic, and tesla high-frequency currents. Electrodes: Conduct the electric current from the machine to the client's skin. Usually made of carbon, glass, or metal.
  • Valuation: Introduction

    Valuation: Introduction

    Contingent Claim (Option) Valuation Options have several features They derive their value from an underlying asset, which has value The payoff on a call (put) option occurs only if the value of the underlying asset is greater (lesser) than an...
  • Open up your laptops, go to MrHyatt.rocks, and

    Open up your laptops, go to MrHyatt.rocks, and

    1972 launch of Apollo 16 . Our knowledge increased dramatically beginning in 1969 when people rode great rocket ships to the Moon. This shows the launch in 1972 of the Apollo 16 mission to the landing site in the highlands...
  • Walk In  Please turn in yellow HGD sheets

    Walk In Please turn in yellow HGD sheets

    Video Clip about Mayan Math. Watch the video to understand more about how their math works! Go to the class webpage, go to Mesoamerican Civilizations, and scroll to Day 11 - Mayan Math. Try writing all the numbers from 1...