Establishing a collaborative and multipurpose longterm National Network

Establishing a collaborative and multipurpose longterm National Network of Reference Watersheds and Monitoring Sites for Freshwater Streams in the United States National Water Quality Monitoring Council February 1, 2011 Why is this important now? Increased need for long-term data and information on the status and trends in stream flow and water quality of relatively unimpaired watersheds that is not being met by

existing programs Climate Effects Atmospheric Deposition Frame of Reference for Stream Assessments Nutrient Criteria TMDLs Bio-criteria Monitoring Networks USGS

USEPA USFS NPS NSIP Sentinel, HBN, NAWQA, HCDN, GAGES NARS, LTM, TIME

Wadeable Streams Experimental Forests, Stream Assessments National Parks NSF States

NEON, STREON 305 (b), 303 (d), Biomonitoring Recommendation #1 Develop an NADP-Like National, collaborative, Multi-Agency, Multi-purpose, Long-term Reference Site/watershed Monitoring

Network Initially to be Limited to freshwater streams Membership Voluntary Funding from participating Agencies Organization and Leadership provided by Advisory Committee on Water

Information or National Water Quality Monitoring Council Executive Committee would provide program guidance and direction based on recommendations of several technical and operational subcommittees 4 Recommendation #1 cont. National Collaborative Network Features

Common Protocols Common Data elements Comparable Laboratory analyses

Stringent quality assurance & quality Control Data management Links to other Networks **Assessment Products** 5 Recommendation #2

Tiered Design Suitable for Multiple Objectives Routine and real-time monitoring (e.g. Sentinel, HBN, NAWQA) Synoptic monitoring (e.g. NARS, TIME, LTM) Modeling and remote sensing Recommendation #4: Laboratory Analyses Review and coordinate laboratory analytical schedules among HBN,

NASQAN, NAWQA, NMN, NADP to meet agency objectives (ongoing) Evaluate option of shifting HBN sample load for low ionic strength waters from New York WSC laboratory to National Water Quality Laboratory. Work with National Water Quality Laboratory to develop proposal and business plan to provide laboratory analytical services to Multi agency, long term Reference Monitoring Network. Next Steps Share concepts and seek approval from ACWI, and SWAC to develop collaborative, multi-agency reference site network (February 2011) Work within the Council to define the organizational structure of an executive

committee and technical steering committee including appropriate representation from participating agencies, development of a charter, and defining duties and responsibilities. Work with the Council on network design, products and outcomes, quality assurance and quality control, laboratory requirements and data management. Complete inventory and assessments of reference networks with other federal and state agencies (one year) Identify data gaps and prioritize existing and candidate sites for a network of reference watersheds and sites for tracking climate, atmospheric, and land use effects on streamflow and water quality.

National Streamflow Information Program Sentinel Sites Inactive NSIP_S Sites U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Monitoring Sites U.S. Forest Service Stream Assessment and Experimental Forest Sites

National Park Service Water-Quality Sites Testing an approach using Level-2 Ecoregions that could be used across the conterminous U.S. Initial Effort Atlantic Highlands and Mixed Wood Plains Level II Ecoregion 5.3 and 8.1 Water-Quality and

Research Sites Groundwater Wells, Weather Stations, and Deposition Sites Eco-region 5.3 700 600

HUC rank Aggregate human-impact rank Watershed rank 500 400 300

200 100 0 .01 .1 1

5 10 20 30 50 70 80 90

95 Non-exceedance percent (of HUCs & watersheds) 99 99.9 99.99

Atlantic Highlands and Mixed Wood Plains Streamgage Status Hydrologic Benchmark Network--2010 Nutrient and Major Ion Sampling Sites All Agency Sites

Reference Watersheds having Multiple Monitoring Sites USGS Streamgage Watersheds Identified as Candidate Reference Sites Hydro-Climatic Data Network Inactive HCDN Sites

Initial steps for evaluating watersheds Determine characteristics for each Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC) 10 basin in an ecoregion Determine characteristics for potential reference site basins Score HUC10s and sites based on a rank-scoring -%urban, %ag, %protected land, storage, NPDES Evaluate sites having low rank-score Committee Activities

Assessment and inventory of existing monitoring site networks for streams in USGS and other agencies Outreach--Contact and develop collaborative relations with other agencies Discuss key network design issues Conduct systematic review and prioritization of existing and candidate sites to meet data needs Discuss and develop alternative network designs, operational and management scenarios and develop recommendations

Inventory Process Recommendation #3: USGS Monitoring Networks Management Model Board of Directors/Executive Committee Style Model consisting of Network Coordinators responsible for resources and outcomes from the individual network(s). Chaired by one of the Network Coordinators on a rotating basis Sentinel, Climate Response Network, HBN, NAWQA, NASQAN, NADP, WEBB (?) Federal

State Cooperative (?) Reporting to (and through) the 3 Technical Offices to the Associate Directors for Water for final approval Responsible for:

Program planning, work plans, budget guidance and allocations Products, outcomes, and communication Committee Composition

Bill Wilber (Chair) Daren Carlisle Dave Clow Charlie Crawford Jeff Deacon James Falcone Earl Greene Jurate Landwehr Harry Lins Alisa Mast

Michael McHale Pete Murdoch Mark Nilles Mike Norris Others Involved Denise Argue Marilee Horn Martyn Smith Hydrologic Benchmark Network--1963

Committee Objectives Develop a plan for a shared, multipurpose, long-term, National reference site network for freshwater streams that will provide data to: Detect and predict changes in stream flow, water chemistry, and aquatic communities due to changes in: climate, atmospheric deposition, and land use. Develop options and a recommendation for funding and operational models that can be sustained through 2023

HBN-plus ad hoc Committee Members Bill Wilber (Chair, OWQ, NAWQA) Alisa Mast (HBN, COWSC) Michael McHale (HBN, CEN (NY WSC) Jurate Landwehr (NRP-HCDN) Harry Lins (Office of Surface Water) Daren Carlisle (NAWQA-Ecology)

Charlie Crawford (NAWQA) James Falcone (NAWQA-GIS) Linda Debrewer (Office of Ground Water Ex Officio Members Mark Nilles (HBN, NADP) Jeff Deacon (CEN, NAWQA) Pete Murdoch (CEN, HBN) Mike Norris (NSIP) Earl Greene (HNA)

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