Where do we hear Scottish music? Ceilidhs Film/TV (Hogmanay show, Brave, Braveheart) Concerts (Celtic
Connections, music festivals etc) Radio Accordion The accordion is often found in ceilidh bands and folk music. Sound is produced by
squeezing air through the bellows. Different notes are played by pressing down piano keys on the right and buttons on the left. Accordion Trio Accordion Can play melody and accompaniment.
Often used in a Scottish dance band. Can play a vamp accompaniment. Accordion Trio Vamp A vamp uses a bass note (the first, third or fifth notes of the chord in the left hand), alternating with a chord in the right hand, creating an oom-pah, oom-pah style
accompaniment. Clarsach Gaelic word meaning small harp Sound is produced by plucking the strings. These instruments have featured in Scottish history from as early as the eighth and ninth centuries Playing the harp was a noble profession during these times,
and the Clan chiefs of the Highlands employed harpers to compose tunes and songs for them. Clarsach Fiddle Scottish name for a violin. A bow is pulled across
the strings to create a sound. The fiddle has 4 strings The fiddle can be found in ceilidh bands, celtic rock groups and fiddle orchestras Fiddle Fiddle The same instrument as
a violin. The style of playing and music played are what makes it different. Often plays the melody. Bagpipes Sound is produced by blowing into a bag held under the arm. Different notes are produced
by moving the fingers on the chanter. The drones produce a constant held note. Bagpipes are often found in pipe bands and celtic rock music. Red Hot Chili Pipers Bagpipes Drones are the
accompaniment. Chanter plays the melody. Ornaments used to decorate the melody (grace notes). Piano Acoustic guitar Drum kit
Double bass Folk Group A folk group is a group of singers and musicians who perform traditional music from a particular country. Scottish folk music instruments might include fiddle, whistle, guitar, accordion and pipes. Scottish Dance Band
A band which plays Scottish music for people to dance to. The instruments may include fiddle, accordion, piano and drums. Scottish Dance Band Scottish Dance Bands can often be heard playing at ceilidhs, where people dance traditional Scottish dances. Celtic Rock
This style of music is a mixture of traditional Celtic music and Rock music. Instruments used are a mixture of traditional Rock instruments and Traditional Scottish instruments. Music to dance to The Scots people have been dancing since the dawn of history. Dances originating as far away as China were brought to Scotland by way of
Merchants and were developed and incorporated into the Highland way of life. There are many diverse Scottish dances but some of the most commonly heard nowadays are: REEL WALTZ MARCH Waltz 3 beats in the bar.
The first beat of the bar is strongly accented. The tempo can be fast or slow. Used to dance a St. Bernards waltz at a ceilidh. To learn more about a Waltz listen to the Skye Boat Song. How would you describe the tempo??? Adagio or Allegro? Reel
A lively dance with a fast tempo. In simple time. To learn more about a Reel watch this video of the Dashing White Sergeant. You can tell if you are listening to a Reel by saying really simple really simple with the music. March Has a steady tempo at marching speed. Accented beats on 1 and 3.
To learn more about a March listen to Scotland the brave. Pentatonic scale A pentatonic scale is a sequence of five notes which are heard in ascending or descending order. As well as in Scotland, many different genres of music around the world have used the pentatonic scale as a basis for their melodies,
including West African music, Greek traditional music, Chinese music and impressionist composers such as Claude Dbussy. Pentatonic scale The melodies to the well known Scottish songs Auld Lang Syne and Skye Boat Song are based around notes taken from the pentatonic scale: Pentatonic Scale
The Aberdonian singer-songwriter Emeli Sand based her song Suitcase on pentatonic notes. Listen to the chorus, which contains a repeated ascending pentatonic scale in lines 1, 2, 4 and 5: My babys got a suitcase. Hes telling me its too late But dont nobody, please dont ask me why. Cause all I did was love him But I cant stop him walking My babys got a suitcase but please dont ask me why.
Drone Bagpipes consist of an air supply, a bag, a chanter and usually a drone. A drone is a note or chord which is continuously sounded throughout much or all of a piece, being sustained or repeated. Most bagpipes have more than one drone the one pictured has three. Grace Notes
Bagpipe music includes grace notes, which are short, extra notes to ornament the main melody. Can you work out which Scottish tune the main notes create below? Robert Burns (1759 1796) Robert Burns Born in Alloway.
He wrote hundreds of poems and songs. He also worked as a farmer and an exciseman. Burns Night is celebrated across the world on his birthday, 25th January. Tam o Shanter One of Burns most famous poems,
written in 1790. Most famously set to music by English composer Malcolm Arnold in 1955. Tells the story of Tams eventful ride home one stormy night. Tam o Shanter When chapmen billies leave the street, And drouthy neibors, neibors meet, As market days are wearing late,
An' folk begin to tak the gate; While we sit bousing at the nappy, And getting fou and unco happy, We think na on the lang Scots miles, The mosses, waters, slaps, and styles, That lie between us and our hame, Where sits our sulky sullen dame. Gathering her brows like gathering storm, Nursing her wrath to keep it warm.
Tam o Shanter The wind blew as 'twad blawn its last; The rattling showers rose on the blast; The speedy gleams the darkness swallow'd Loud, deep, and lang, the thunder bellow'd: That night, a child might
understand, The Deil had business on his hand. Tam o Shanter Warlocks and witches in a dance; Nae cotillion brent-new frae France, But hornpipes, jigs strathspeys, and reels, Put life and mettle in their heels.
A winnock-bunker in the east, There sat auld Nick, in shape o' beast; A towzie tyke, black, grim, and large, To gie them music was his charge: He scre'd the pipes and gart them skirl, Till roof and rafters a' did dirl. Tam o Shanter
Now, do thy speedy utmost, Meg, And win the key-stane o' the brig; There at them thou thy tail may toss, A running stream they dare na cross. But ere the key-stane she could make, The fient a tail she had to shake! For Nannie, far before the rest, Hard upon noble Maggie prest, And flew at Tam wi' furious ettle; But little wist she Maggie's mettle Ae spring brought off her master hale, But left behind her ain gray tail;
The carlin claught her by the rump, And left poor Maggie scarce a stump. Tam o Shanter Malcolm Arnold Listen to the start of Malcolm Arnolds piece based on the poem. How does he depict the story? Think about: What instruments are used? How does the music make you feel?
How do we know there is a storm coming? How do we know Tam is drunk? Can we tell where this story takes place? Tam o Shanter Malcolm Arnold Did you think it sounded Scottish? Clarinets played long notes like drones on the bagpipes. Flute played a Scottish sounding melody (tune).
Used Scotch snaps. Did you think the strings sounded eerie? Tam o Shanter Malcolm Arnold What made us think of the storm brewing? Crescendos and diminuendos (getting louder and quieter). Clashing notes in the brass section
(discords). Lots of percussion: drum rolls, cymbal crashes Tam o Shanter Malcolm Arnold How did we know Tam had been to the pub? Drunken sounding trombone solo. Slides or glissandos in the trombone and bassoon parts.
Tam o Shanter Malcolm Arnold In groups, think about how you would depict a verse of the poem. What instruments would you use and why? Would the music be fast or slow? Would it be loud or quiet? Would there be a melody (tune) or would it all be effects?
Group task In groups, think about how you would depict a verse of the poem. What instruments would you use and why? Would the music be fast or slow?
Would it be loud or quiet? Would there be a melody (tune) or would it all be effects? You might want to use the keyboards to try out your ideas. Storm Wind
Thunder Rain Darkness Witches dancing Warlocks and witches The Devil
Scottish dances Bagpipe s Tam & Megs escape Meg runs very fast One witch is faster than the rest
Running water Meg loses her tail How did we compare? What did you like about yours? What did you like about Malcolm Arnolds? Would you do anything differently next time?
End of topic assessment Read each question carefully. Listen to the music. Make sure you tick the correct number of boxes.
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