Therapeutic Taping for the Cervicothoraci c, Maxillofacial &

Therapeutic Taping for the Cervicothoraci c, Maxillofacial &

Therapeutic Taping for the Cervicothoraci c, Maxillofacial & TMJ Dr. Dyanna Haley-Rezac, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS, CKTP Dr. Scott Rezac, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS, CKTP, CEAS Taping for C/S & T/S Identify your Asterisk (*) Sign Tape for * sign, re-check Spine tends to be more taping for function than pain (pain follows function)

Great adjunct to manual techniques to carry over following Rx. Joint mobilization Soft Tissue mobilization PNF (scapular) Capital Flexion Neuro Re-ed Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 2 Sternocleidomastiod (SCM) Kinesio Technique Split strip in two, starting at mastoid, one strip to manubrium other to clavicle Tape with cervical spine

in contralateral sidebend and ipsilateral rotation Facilitation or Inhibition Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 3 Sternocleidomastiod (SCM) Kinesio Technique Indications Inhibit SCM to facilitate deep capital flexors (longis colli / longus capitis) Correct Torticollis Decrease SCM spasm, facilitate ROM Decrease tension on TMJ

Headaches Testing Capital Flexion Posture Pain / HA ROM Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 4 Posterior Cervicothoracic (Erector Spinae) Muscles McConnell & Kinesio Single strip to facilitate or

Technique inhibit over affected segments Tape with spine in flexion Unilateral or bilateral Bilateral extension facilitate both sides Rotation inhibit side with muscle spasm and facilitate contralateral side Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 5 Cervicothoracic (Erector Spinae)

Muscles IndicationsMcConnell & Kinesio Generally effective to tape C/S and T/S for Technique enhanced postural correction Bilaterally to decrease excess cervical lordosis Vertebral rotations - Unilaterally to inhibit muscle spasm on contracted side and facilitate less active side Improve painfree C/S and T/S extension or inhibit excessive extension Testing Posture

AROM / quality of motion Pain Segmental spinal motion Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 6 Posterior Spine Mulligan Technique Following Joint Mobilization 2 strip across the segment mobilized with moderate to maximum stretch Can use this in conjunction with the McConnell & Kinesio Erector Spinae

Technique Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 7 Posterior Spine Mulligan Technique Indications Following Joint Mobilization for Stabilization Improve thoracic extension Testing Posture AROM / quality of motion Pain Segmental spinal motion Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine

8 Levator Scapulae Kinesio Tape Kinesio Technique Split strip starting at transverse processes C1C4 one strip to the medial border of scapula, other to the superior angle with inhibition stretch Tape with cervical spine in contralateral rotation and flexion Modified Tape Practical Application Single strip

Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 9 Upper / Middle Trapezius Kinesio Technique Kinesio Technique Split strip starting at the TP of the 2nd Vertebrae (below the hairline) with minimal stretch apply one strip to lateral clavicle / acromion, other strip to medial border of the scapula Tape with cervical spine in contralateral sidebend Indications generally

inhibition Modified Tape Practical Application Single strip Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 10 Kinesio Taping UT Decreased Pain, no change EMG Murray H. Effect of Kinesio Taping on Upper Trapezius Muscle Tone and Cervical Discomfort. 15th Annual Kinesio Taping Symposium 2000

Upper Trapezius inhibition 15 subjects with neck pain No significant difference with EMG Subjective complaint of pain decreased with tape Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 11 Effects of Tape on Scaption Decreased UT / Increased LT EMG Selkowitz DM et al. The effects of scapular taping on the surface electromyographic signal amplitude of shoulder girdle muscles during upper extremity elevation in individuals with suspected shoulder

impingement syndrome. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2007 Nov;37(11):694-702. Scapular taping decreased upper trapezius and increased lower trapezius activity in people with suspected shoulder impingement during a functional overheadreaching task, and decreased upper trapezius activity during shoulder scaption. Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 12 Effects of Endura Fix on Lower Trapezius Inhibits Muscle Activity Alexander CM et al. Does tape facilitate or inhibit the lower fibres of trapezius? Man Ther. 2003 Feb;8(1):37-41. The tape was found to inhibit lower

trapezius activity. On average, the application of Endura Fix tape inhibited trapezius by 4%. The application of Endura Sports tape overlaying the Endura Fix tape inhibited trapezius on average by 22%. The inhibitory effect was negated once the tape was removed. Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 13 Kinesio Taping Posture Decreased Pain/Increased GHL,flexion Murray H, Husk

Garcia D. Effects of Kinesio Taping on Posture and Upper Extremity Pain. Presented at 16th Annual Kinesio Taping Symposium. 2001 Unilateral rhomboid facilitation and pectoralis inhibition 15 subjects Pain complaints significantly decreased and GHJ AROM flexion increased by an average of 15 degrees Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 14 Postural Correction McConnell Technique Enhance Force Couple

Can tape from scapula to contralateral pelvis Unilateral or Bilateral Carry-over PNF Postural Correction Scapular retraction and depression Unilateral or bilateral Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 15 Postural Correction Decreased Kyphosis Greig AM et al. Postural taping decreases thoracic kyphosis but does

not influence trunk muscle electromyographic activity or balance in women with osteoporosis. Man Ther, 2007 Apr There was a significant effect of postural taping on thoracic kyphosis (p=0.026), with a greater reduction in thoracic kyphosis after taping compared with both control tape and no tape. No EMG or balance effects found. Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 16 Scoliosis Tape single strips moderate to maximum stretch

on anterior rotated segments Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 17 Rib Pain (Fracture/ Subluxation) Athletic & Kinesio Technique Decrease pain, similar to immobilizer brace, but allows mobility of other segments Single strip over affected rib light to moderate stretch

Cross strips unload with space corrections (max stretch across middle 1/3, no stretch on ends) on either side of fracture Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 18 Maxillofacial (sinus) Kinesio Technique Edema strips no stretch Single strip across

frontal sinus Split across nasal sinus Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 19 TMJ Unload Space correction strip or 1 tape ~1.5 squares Maximal pull over center 1/3, no pull on lateral 2/3 Apply 2-4 strips in crossing directions Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine

20 C7-T1 Unload (Dowagers Hump) Decrease pressure / pain over C7-T1 joint 2 - 4 space correction strips Maximal stretch over middle 1/3, no stretch lateral 2/3 Great carry-over following C7-T1 fascial release Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine

21 Clinical Evidence-Based Gonzalez-Iglesias. Short-term effects of cervical kinesiotaping on pain and cervical ROM in patients with acute whiplash injury: a randomized clinical trial. JOSPT 2009. Tension application vs sham Increase in ROM and decrease in pain in tension group Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 22 Clinical EvidenceBased

What was your Comparable or Asterisk (*) Sign? recheck that after taping Objective Assessment Capital Flexion Tests substitution of SCM / scalenes, mmHG (pressure) they can hold, number of reps, range they can perform and hold time Posture symmetry, improvement in excessive or decreased kyphosis or lordosis AROM Improvement in range, pain and quality of motion Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 23 Clinical EvidenceBased

Objective Assessment Outcome Measures - NDI (Neck Disability Index) Pain / Headaches - at rest, with previously aggravating motions and / or activities Frequency Intensity Duration MMT spine and UEs Neurological Testing Decreased radicular symptoms Special Testing Adsons, Allens, ULT, Shoulder abduction test Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 24

Clinical EvidenceBased Functional Improvements Positional Tolerance Sitting at computer, to drive, attend childs sports activities Standing with UE activity washing dishes, at work C/S Extension overhead hanging curtains, changing lightbulb, painting, drywall Activity Tolerance Turning head for driving safely Lifting groceries, children, housework Pushing/Pulling lawnmower, vacuum, pushing a stroller or grocery cart Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine

25 Questions/Comments/ Discussion? [email protected] [email protected] www.rezacpt.com Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Cervical Spine 26

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