Unit 1 Seeds of Change Ch. 6 Sections 1 and 2: Ideas About Government Scientific Revolution Enlightenment Ideas Supplement: Geography/Maps QoD - What is the Purpose of Government? DEFINITION The political direction and control exercised over the members of society Government is necessary for the existence of a civilized society Ancient Greeks: To improve the lives of the citizens
European Government Through the 1700s Monarchies most powerful (Autocratic Rule) Great divide between the haves and have-nots Very little chance for people to change this What does science have to do with this change? Scientific Revolution
A new way of looking at the natural world, based on observation and a willingness to QUESTION accepted beliefs THE CHURCH Loses a lot of power WHY??? ExplainBelief vs Fact Scientific Method A Geocentric new, logical approach to
collecting and analyzing data BELIEF vs FACT 2 1. 2. 3. 4. Question Hypothesis Test Analysis Heliocentric Heliocentric vs Geocentric Theories of the Universe As a result of the Scientific Revolution,
People begin to question.. EVERYTHING! Even Their Governments!! QoD - WOULD YOU RATHER Have your civil rights and freedoms OR Have Security and Protection? Can your government EFFECTIVELY provide both? Those that desire to give up freedom in order to gain security will not have, nor do they deserve, either one. Benjamin Franklin The Age of Reason or The Enlightenment Late 1600s thru the mid 1800s Philosophers apply logic, reason
and scientific approach to all other areas of life Enlightened Thinkers The Philosophes Enlightened Despots Enlightenment Ideas Liberty, equality, logic, reason, etc There is Revolution on peoples minds A CHANGE is gonna come Thomas Hobbes Leviathan People are born evil and selfish, so.People need a strong govt
Like a Monarchy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IyhJ 69mD7xI Social Contract THEORY People give up rights for protection by the government Because people had no say in their government, they could do nothing if the monarch were abusive. The condition of man... is a condition of war of everyone against everyone. John Locke Two Treatises on Govt People are good and born
w/Three Natural Rights Life, Liberty, Property https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=luZGmaEhxAs Government should protect these rights Democracy IF NOT, the people may overthrow the govt (REVOLT) All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions. When
it comes to the nature of mankind, based on your own experiences, do you agree more with Hobbes or Locke? QoD Requirements Prompt: Do you believe the Social Contract has been broken by either the U.S. government or by the American people? YES or NOpick a side Minimum Four paragraphs
Use evidence from current events to support your response Your opinion, with minimum 3 pieces of supporting evidence CITE the sources in your response People, quotes, stats, etc In Class Writing One note card to use Enlightenment Ideas Liberty Equality Natural Rights
Logic and reason There is Revolution on peoples minds A CHANGE is gonna come No monarchy is safe Differing Views of Government: The Philosophes Political thinkers who developed their own ideas about the purpose of government Aristotle Nicolo Machiavelli Thomas John Hobbes
Locke Voltaire Baron Montesquieu Jean-Jacques Mary Wollstonecraft Adam Karl Rousseau Smith Marx If you were a Prince, would you rather be feared or
loved? Consider Your president Your boss Your teacher Your coach Your parents The Prince and Machiavelli Aristotle Politics Politics is an organism, NOT a machine Gives people the opportunity for a good life Community is most important Man
is governed by Natural Laws Ethics and morality Man is by nature a political animal, it is his nature to live in a state Niccolo Machiavelli The Prince About leaders (Princes) he saw in his travels A guidebook for rulers They S/B Shrewd,
Manipulative & Selfish Princes are NOT concerned with what is morally right, but in maintaining their own power The ends justify the means Rene Descartes Discourse on the Method Based his ideas on Science People must change their old ideas Doubt everything until proven
I think, therefore I am Baron Montesquieu On the Spirit of Laws Checks and balances Separation Power of powers should be a check to power Voltaire Candide A Realistic portrayal of the life of the people
Attacked the Catholic Church Freedom of: Religion Expression Separation of Church and State I do not agree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it Jean-Jacques Rousseau The Social Contract
Agreed w/ Locke, only our environment (govt) restricts us People should govern themselves, but most forms of governments prohibit it Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations - 1776 Free-market Capitalism An
invisible hand would guide the economy Laissez-faire government should be hands-off of the economy James Madison Bill of Rights U.S. Constitution Father of the Constitution Representative Designed government
the Federal System Liberty may be endangered by the abuse of liberty, but also by the abuse of power Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Equal rights for women better education needed A society based on reason and logic
Strengthen the female mind by enlarging it, and there will be an end to blind obedience. Side note: Daughter is Mary Shelley (Frankenstein) Karl Marx The Communist Manifesto 1848 Predicted that the workers would someday REVOLT against the wealthy
Capitalism would destroy itself Explain the relationship between the scientific revolution and peoples new desire for change in their governments. Explain the idea of the Social Contract and give two examples of when it was broken, one from history and one from the contemporary world. Explain the political philosophy and rationale of the Philosophe
you and your group presented in class. Where would you find this persons ideas in todays world? What specific issues did the authors of the English Bill of Rights address? What did they hope to achieve with this document? If you were a Prince would you rather be Feared or Loved by your people? Explain your answer. How does your answer match up to Machiavellis ideas about leadership? Analyze the following quote by Benjamin Franklin and explain how it relates to the Enlightenment
Ideas; which Ideas does this quote specifically address? Those that desire to give up freedom in order to gain security will not have, nor do they deserve, either one. Unit 1 Writing Assessment Choose three of the following prompts and answer in a minimum of two paragraphs each. Use specific information from class to support your responses QoD How does WHERE you live affect HOW you live? 35 31 36 34 32 39 33
38 Unit 1 Map Test 31-40 40 37 France 2. Poland 3. Vietnam 4. Cuba 5. Pakistan 6. Israel 7. Congo 8. North Korea 9. Colombia 10. Afghanistan 1. Map Quiz 11.
12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Kigali Berlin Washington DC Hiroshima Cape of Good Hope Suez Canal Amazon River Dengs Four Modernizations The Boer Wars The Salt March XTRA CREDIT (2 parts) CB South AND THE YEAR IT OPENED ITS DOORS TO
STUDENTS QoD - What is the Purpose of Government? Preamble to the U.S. Constitution We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. In your words 5 purposes of government that are discussed in the Preamble The Philosophes Analysis and Poster Quick bio Born, Died, Education, etc Famous work of literature
Philosophy about Life/People Beliefs about Government A Quote that summarizes his/her ideas Ideas today U.S. Constitution? Declaration of Independence? U.S. Society/Beliefs? Other countries?
An Essential Question that creates discussion The Social Contract Thomas Hobbes People are selfish and greedy People give up their rights and freedoms to the govt In return they get protection and security(Monarchy/Dictator) John Locke People are good and can govern themselves What ifthe contract is broken? REVOLUTION!! John Locke
Thomas Hobbes Absolute Monarchy (autocratic rule) are born with rights that they relinquish to the government in return for protection. This is known as social contract. Democracy People All Believed Believed that people were wicked, selfish, and cruel and would act on behalf of their best interests. Every man for every man.
No, people could NOT be trusted to govern themselves and an absolute monarch would demand obedience in to maintain order. The purpose of the government was to keep law and order. Because people had no say in their government, they could do nothing if the monarch were abusive. The Social Contract people are born with certain inalienable rights. They are life, liberty, and the right to own property.
that people were by nature good and that they could learn from their experiences. Yes, people could be trusted to govern themselves. Locke believed that if provided with the right information would make good decisions. The purpose of the government is to protect individual liberties and rights. The people had the right to revolt against an abusive government.
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