A C RDA DRIs RDA RDA EAR RNI

   A  C    RDA  DRIs  RDA  RDA EAR  RNI

A C

RDA DRIs RDA RDA EAR RNI LRNI

AR PRI LTI NNR Chinese DRIs RDA ( ) (A)) (dietarydietary reference intakes, DRIs) (dietaryrecommended dietary allowance,RDA)

EAR RNI AI UL UL AIRNI EAR (1) (EA)R)) EAR 50 EAR RNI

(2) (R)Nl) ) RNI RDA (97 98 ) RNI EAR+2SD RNI=1.2EAR 16 EAR 0.92g/kgdg/kgd SD 0.12g/kgdg/kgd RNI=0.92+2 0.12=1.16g/kgd 63kgkg 56kg RNI 75g 60g

(3) (A)I)) AI A)I) R)NI) AI RNI RNI AI RNI (4) (UL))

UL UL RNI AI (B)) (DRIs)) (nutritional requirement)

FAO/WHO

1. DR)I)s (dietary1) (dietary2) (dietary3)

(dietary4) 2. (1) 0-6 AI (2g/kgd) EAR =EAREAR F F=EAR / 0.75 1+ 0.5-3 0.30 4-8 0.15 9-13 0.15,14-18 (3)

0.15 0 AI AI AI7-12g/kgdm=EARAI0-6m F F=EAR 7-12g/kgdm / 0-6m 0.75 (A)) EAR 1.0

RNI UL 0.5 0 NOAEL

1.0 0.5 0 (B))

-chinese DRIschinese DRIs (dietary1) (dietary2) RNIs AIs (dietary3) RNIs AIs (dietary4) ULs (dietary5) EARs RNIs

RNIs AIs RNIs) AIs) UL)s EA)R)s (A)) 1 EA)R) EAR RNI

EAR 2 R)NI) RNI RNI RNI

3 A)I) AI AI , . AI 4 UL) UL UL UL

DR)I)s 1. RNI AI RNI UL EAR

RNI 2 EAR UL EAR RNI UL

EAR EAR~RNI 20

(A) (A) 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. (C)) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. (A)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. (B)) dietary pattern

(A)) 1

2000 2400kcal 50g 30 40g 13kg% 87%

2

12 42% 41.9

58% 45.1

3 , 2590kcal 82.8g 80.7g 57.7% 26.3kg% 16%

12.8 29 3kg3kg% 67%

57.5 g/d

182 122 19.2 259 205 320

718 45 20.5 62.7 312 83

23.3 350 150 86 170 45 93.3

37.8 349 33 56.7 141 62

3.8 82 0.3 7.1 14.5 439

87 11 322 50 58 14 16

28 29 % 4

(B))

(A))

1989 10 1997 4 2007

1997 1. ; 2. 3kg. 4. 2007 1. , , 2. 3kg. 4.

1997 5. 6. 7. 8. 2007 5. 6.

7. 8. 9. 10. 1

3kg0 B

2

3

B 4

EPA A

5

WHO 6 / / 6

7

25% 30% 30% 40% 30% 40% 8

9

25gg 15gg

10

25g 30g~400gg 6gg 30g~400g0g~400gg 30g~400gg~50g~400gg 50g~400gg~10g~400g0g~400gg 50g~400gg~75g 25g~50g~400gg 30g~400g0g~400gg~50g~400g0g~400gg 20g~400g0g~400gg~40g~400g0g~400gg 250g~400gg~40g~400g0g~400gg 120g~400g0g~400gmL 6g 6g0g~400g0g~400g0g~400g

1. (B)) 1. 2. 2. (A))

1. 1 2 7 g/d 2. 50gg 10g0gg 10g0gg

50g0gg 50gg 50gg 10g0gg 3 30% 40% . .

4 5 (A)A)) (A)B)) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

(A)B)) (A)B)) 1. 2g/kgd000 10 1 2g/kgd 3 4 5 6 ; 7 8

9 10 (A)B)) 1. 2g/kgd005 9 1 2g/kgd 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 (A)B)) 1. 2g/kgd010 5 1 2g/kgd 3 4 5 (A)B))

1 2 DRIs) 3kg

4

. B (nutritional s)urvey)) . C)

. (A)

. (B) 3kg-5 http://www.huofar.com/ll_tizhi.php/dotest/in v/07194916974949580 . ( ) (C))

( ) (A)

(dietaryB))

( ) 1. 24

( ) 1 24 (dietaryA) <1> 24 <2> 15g 40minmin

24 3>

7 75

3

(dietary2) (dietaryC)) 2. (dietaryB)) (1)

1 (dietary2)

.

1 / 1 /

3 / 3 /

. / / / /

/ / (dietary3)

3. (dietaryA) (1) (2g/kgd)

g 1000 0 0 g 0

150 1500 g 700 0 0 g

300 150 1500

1000 0 0 0 150 1500

700 0 0 300 150

1500 30%

1 1 0 40% 1 1 0

30% 1 1 1 1 1

0.3 2.3 (3)

4. (dietaryA) (1) 4 7

(2g/kgd)

A

g B g C C=B/A D

g E E=D/C =EAR - (3)

5. C) (1)

(dietary2) 1 2 (3) ( ) 1. 1

1 /g

/g 2 /gg

2g/kgd 3

/kcal /% 4

/kcal /% 5g /kcal

/%

6 + /g /%

2g/kgd. 1 1 2 = + + 3 1

20min 40min 120min + 140min = 0min.2 + 0min.4 = 0min.6 1/g3 20min 30min 25g = (20min + 30min + 25g)1/g3 = 25g 60kg =EAR Kcal /2g/kgd400 Kcal =EAR /

4 :1900Kcal 8 2g/kgd300Kcal 3 2g/kgd700Kcal 6 70g/ : 1. 2g/kgd. 3. 1 = Kcal /g240min0min Kcal

(1) 190min0minkcal 190min0minkcal/g240min0minkcal=0min.79 (2) 230min0minkcal 230min0minkcal/g240min0minkcal=0min.96 (3) 270min0minkcal 270min0minkcal/g240min0minkcal=1.13 2 = /g = 0min.79 84+0min.96 34+1.13 64 84+34+64 =0min.94 3 = /g = 70min0min.94=75g g

2g/kgd 3. 1 2g/kgd ( ) ( )

3 5g 1

2g/kgd (DRIs) 3 60min% 14% CHO 5g5g% 60min% Fat 25g% 30min% Pro 10min% 15g% 4 5

25g% 30min 30min% 40min% 30min% 40min% 4 :1900Kcal 8 2g/kgd300Kcal 3 2g/kgd700Kcal 6 70g/ : 1. 2g/kgd. 3.

1 = Kcal /g240min0min Kcal (1) 190min0minkcal 190min0minkcal/g240min0minkcal=0min.79 (2) 230min0minkcal 230min0minkcal/g240min0minkcal=0min.96 (3) 270min0minkcal 270min0minkcal/g240min0minkcal=1.13 2 = /g = 0min.79 84+0min.96 34+1.13 64 84+34+64 =0min.94

3 = /g = 70min0min.94=75g g . ( ) 1. (1)

<1> - - 3 1) ( ) 120mincm

0min.1cm 2) (0min.1cm) <2g/kgd> 1) (<0min.1cm)

2) 60min (cm) (0min.1cm) 3) (2g/kgd) 1 0min.1kg

2 kg 0min.1kg 3 (3) TSF 8.3cm, 15g.3cm 10min~40mincm, 20min~5g0mincm (4)

AMC=AC-3.14TSF (5) (6) 1

(1) 1 (2) 1

450g~400g (3) 1. 15g-18 =1.0min977-0min.0min0min146X 19 =1.0min913-0min.0min0min116X 15g-18 =1.0min931-0min.0min0min160minX 19 =1.0min897-0min.0min0min133X

X= + mm 2g/kgd. % = 4.5g70min -4.142 10min0min = kg % = kg - kg + mm

10 4 12 5 23 10 34 13 45 18 60 28 mm 14 8 21 12 37 20 47 25 59 30 73 40

+ mm / 6-8 20

25 30 35 40

45 9-11 25 30 35 40 45

55 12-14 30 35 40 45 50

55 15-18 35 40 45 55 55

65

1. Gomez WT/A % HT/A %

90~100 95~100 75~89 90~94 74~60

85~89 60 85 2g/kgd. 1 2 5g 3 (WT A)

3 >X+2SDX+2SD X+SD~ X+2SD X-SD~ X+SD

X-2SD~ X-SD < X-2SD (HT A) 3 (wr HT) 3 3.

1. BMI 18 BMI=EAR (kg) [ (m)]2g/kgd WHO BMI 18.5g 24.9 < 18.5g ( ) 18.5g 24.9

25g.0minBMI29.9 30min 30min.0min 34.9 35g.0min 39.9 > 40min.0min

BMI BMI < 18.5g 18.5g 23.9 24.0min BMI 28.0min

28 2g/kgd. kg = cm - 10min5g kg = cm - 10min0min 0min.9 > 10min > 20min

> 20min 30min 10min 20min > 30min 5g0min 20min 30min > 5g0min 30min 3. (WHR) ( )

WHR < 0min.9 < 0min.85g 4. (BF) > 20min 25g > 25g 30min > 25g 30min >30min 35g

> 30min > 35g 5. 1 5g >13.5gcm 12.5g 13.5gcm <12.5gcm

24.8cm 21.0mincm >90min% 80min%-90min% 60min%-80min% <60min% 10minmm 10min 40minmm 40minmm

20minmm 20min 5g0minmm 5g0minmm

. D

A B C 24 D 1.80min 81 BMI D( A.18 B.20min C.22 BMI 26 C)

A. B. ) D.25g C. D. B

24 (A) (B) (C) (D) 30minkg 30min 240minkg 60minkg kg

B A 10min B7 (C)6 (A) (B) (D)3

C) (C) (D) 25g 40min% 35g%C) (A)0min.25g (B)0min.4

(C)0min.6 (D)0min.75g 30min% 40min% 30min% 10min 20min 30min B (A)10min (B)20min (C)30min

D (D)60min (A) (B) (C) (D) 3 20min0min0minKcal 12 240min0minKcal 8 260min0minKcal 6

B (A)0min.83 (B)0min.94 (C)1.0min0min (D)1.0min8 D A.

B. C. D. B A. B. C. D.

A A. B. C. D. B

A. B. C. D. C) A. B. C.

D. A D B C

D B A 8 B 10min C 2 D 4

B A (kg)[ cm ]2 B (kg)[ m ]2 C (g)[ cm ]2 D (g)[ m ]2 5 1 3 2 3

4 1 Fe 2 14g/Lg/gL 10min.7g/Lmol/gL 64.4g/Lmol/gL 15g% 3 4

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