COUNTS, SPONGES AND DRESSINGS Counts are required for
COUNTS, SPONGES AND DRESSINGS Counts are required for most procedures according to facility policy. Countable items include, but are not limited to, sharps, instruments, and sponges. The number of counts required for an individual case will also vary according to the situation. PURPOSE OF COUNTING A. To protect the patient B. Protect you and your hospital -- Each hospital has their own policy and procedure according to AORN standards. WHEN DO WE DO A COUNT???? A. Initial count (before the Dr. makes the incision B. Intra-operatively (if a hollow organ is involved in the procedure) (before certain layers are closed, abdominal hysterectomy, C-section; uterus, vaginal cuff etc. C. When sponges are added to the field D. Changing shifts, relief E. Especially bloody cases, lots of sponges being added to the procedure IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER!!!!!! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
Silently or out-loud Appropriate talk and timing Count dont add Always start your count from the field (dont forget sponges in wound) Make sure you see each sponge when counting with circulator Open sponge all the way before discarding off the field Watch out for prep sponges (sponge sticks, D&C, OB-Gyn, abdominal vaginal hysterectomy Sponges are never to leave the OR suite Never use sponges to pass off specimens Circulator should bag them into count bags (hung from Iv pole) When using sponges blot do not rub tissue Make sure count goes up on dry erase board Utilize kick buckets Do not collect soiled sponges on surgical field Always have a clean sponge ready for the Doctor/assistant VARIETIES OF SPONGES AND SPECIAL USES RAY-TEC, 4x4, 4x8 SM INCISIONS SKIN SPONGES SPONGE STICKS NOT LOOSE OR IN LARGE CAVITY TIED OR SECURED MOIST (DEPENDS) NEVER USE FOR DRESSINGS 10 to a pack LAP SPONGES (LAPAROTOMY) Typically abbreviated as lap other examples include lap tape, lap
Pad, or lap pack. Large piece of gauze with a radiopaque marker, Most often used in the abdominal cavity to isolate an organ while Keeping others moist and warm. Abdominal, chest wounds Other large incisions Usually moist Packing Dry skin sponges Protection wound, skin edges Never to be used as dressings 5 to a pack DISSSECTORS, KITNERS, PEANUTS, CHERRIES Blunt dissection Hold with instrument (kelly, peon usually longer) hole in the middle Never loose Do not discard form field Used moist or dry keep adhered to mayo-stand (sticky backing) Always counted (comes 5 to a pack) TONSIL SPONGES
Used in tonsillectomies Used with tonsil tenaculum Always counted Sometimes soaked in local or saline depending on Dr. Come with strings, do not cut or remove unless asked radiopaque embedded throughout\ 5 to a pack NEURO PATTIES, COTTONOIDS Used mostly in neuro cases (craniotomies, laminectomies, cervical fusions) Sometimes ENT Radiopaque throughout do not cut strings Do not throw off field Be very careful handling these Lint free, always moist- saline, meds 10 to one size WECK SPEARS
Used mostly in eye cases, or plastics Lint free No counting Holds about 16 cc fluid DRESSINGS Used to protect wound from contamination, absorption of drainage And support. To enhance well being. Support, application of pressure 4x4 Telfa ABD Pants (mesh underwear) Fluffs Adaptic Montgomery straps Kling Kerlix Ace Binders Splints Kotex Bias rolls Owens silk (plastics) Bandaids Xeroform (impregnated with iodine) Packing (used in body cavity long strips of gauze impregnated with meds, saline or lubricant --vag packing .drain sponges
Items used in conjunction with these dressings are as follows tape (several different kinds) Colloidian Dermabond Mastisol Safety pins IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY AS THE SURGCIAL TECHNOLOGIST TO MAKE CERTAIN THAT YOU HAVE CHECKED THE DRS PREFRENCE CARD TO MAKE SURE THAT YOU HAVE THE PROPER SURGICAL DRESSINGS PREPARED AND READY TO ADHERE TO THE PATIENT, PRIOR TO THE DRAPES BEING REMOVED. 4X4S OPENED BANDAIDS TAKEN OUT OF WRAPPER TAPE CUT TO PROPER LENGTH CLEAN ALL BLOOD AND BETADINE FROM PATIENT BEFORE DRESSINGS Why is it so important not to use counted sponges as Dressings on the surgical patient???????
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