Different animals use their tails for different reasons.

Different animals use their tails for different reasons.

Different animals use their tails for different reasons. A dog uses its tail to express itself, like wagging it. A monkey uses it to balance itself in trees. Animals like horses and cows uses their tails to keep flies from

landing on them. Horses and cows can also twitch their skin when flies land on them!!!

Cows, sheep and deer are ruminant animals. Ruminants are mammals that are able to gain nutrients from

plant-based food, by fermenting it in a specialised stomach before digestion. The process requires the fermented food (known as CUD) to be regurgitated and chewed again.

The process of rechewing the cud to break down plant matter further is called rumination. The word "ruminant" comes from the Latin ruminare, which

means "to chew over again". Sheep have widely spaced eyes and large rectangular pupils allowing them peripheral vision.

Why do sheep need to see all around them? What other animals have a field of vision similar to sheep?

Sheep have a fantastic sense of smell They use their sense of smell to: Find food

Detect predators Identify females for mating Find their young

Sheep have different fleece colours. Why do sheep have different fleece colours?

Animals such as sheep, goats, cows, pigs and horses have hooves Hooves allow animals to walk for long distances on hard surfaces

without damaging their toes. Some animals, including horses and zebras, have a single hoof at the bottom of each leg, others like cows and sheep are cloven hooved.

Horses can doze whilst standing up using the stay apparatus. The stay apparatus is a group of ligaments, tendons and muscles

which "lock joints in the limbs of the horse. The stay apparatus allows animals to relax their muscles and have a light sleep without collapsing.

Why do you think horses have developed the ability to sleep whist standing up?

Horses do not have a clavicle (collar bone). Why do humans have a collar bone? Why do you think horses have adapted so that they dont have a collar bone?

What do horses have instead of a collar bone? Chickens are flightless birds but they do have the ability to jump

and are fast across the ground. To enable them to do this, their bones have a honeycombed structure, giving them a light but rigid frame.

Cows are well adapted to grazing. They have a wide mouth, long tongue and specialised teeth.

Adult cows have 32 teeth, but lack upper incisors and canines as they have a gummy pad instead. Their tongues rip up the grass and their large molars grind the

grass. Sheep produce lanolin. Lanolin is wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool

producing animals. Lanolin protects the fleece and skin from rain. Lanolin is often used in human beauty products.

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