Writing Abstracts What Is an Abstract? Summary of a longer document Describes content and scope of the document Highlights major points Who Is the Audience? Author
Meier, K. V. Institution Western Ontario University, London, Ontario, Canada. Title A meditation on critical mass in the philosophy of sport. Source
Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 1983. 10: 8-20. 38 ref. Abstract The paper explores the contemporary state, in North America, of philosophic interchange among scholars interested in the better understanding of sport. The emergence of scholarly writing in this area, and its development into an academic discipline, is followed by an analysis of the productivity of North American based philosophers of sport and a determination of the publication record in selected journals.
Investigations revealed a lack of 'critical mass' only 46 authors with two or more published works in the philosophy of sport during the years 1963-83. The paper concludes with an assessment of problems of direction, structure and content currently evident in a field which has not become a widely practiced specialty within the discipline of philosophy. Researchers Scholars Conference organizers Conference attendees
Readers Not All Abstracts Are Alike http://images.amazon.com/ images/P/160329024 Check the style guide or the instructions to authors for the conference or publication you are
targeting. They may have specific guidelines. Descriptive Abstracts Introduce the subject in under 250 words Include the purpose, methods, and scope of the work Omit results, conclusions, recommendations This study investigated the effectiveness of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a senior-level biochemistry
class for improving students ability to write scientific abstracts. The CPR process for feedback was compared with Teaching Assistant-generated feedback. Statistical analyses of three assignments by 50 students and a separate analysis of the abstract written by 256 students were used to measure differences in writing quality for each type of feedback. From: Development of Student Writing in Biochemistry Using Calibrated Peer Review, by Yasha Hartberg, Adelet Baris Gunersel, Nancy Simpson and Valerie Balester, Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. 2008. Informative Abstracts Include the purpose, methods, and scope of
work Also include results, conclusions, recommendations Range from a paragraph to a page or two, depending upon the length of the original work being abstracted This study investigated the effectiveness of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a senior-level biochemistry class to improve students ability to write scientific abstracts. The writing quality of scientific abstracts composed with feedback from CPR was compared with the writing quality of abstracts composed with Teaching
Assistant-generated feedback. Statistical analyses of three assignments by 50 students indicated significant differences between CPR and Teaching Assistant feedback on student writing quality. While scores of students who received Teaching Assistant feedback decreased, scores of students who used CPR improved. Students also progressed over the course of a semester From: Development of Student Writing in Biochemistry Using Calibrated Peer Review, by Yasha in CPR-generated measures ofBalester, theirJournal reviewing abilities.
Hartberg, Adelet Baris Gunersel, Nancy Simpson and Valerie of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. 2008. IMRaD Introduction
Method Results, and Discussion Key Words Abstracts must contain key words about what is essential in the main document. Key words are used to classify abstracts in databases. Effective key words allow researchers to search for your Checklist
Have you included the following? Subject Scope Purpose Methods Results Recommendations, implications, or significance Key words This dissertation examines the impacts of social movements through a multilayered study of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement from its peak in the early 1960s through the early 1980s. By examining this historically important case, I clarify the
process by which movements transform social structures and the constraints movements face when they try to do so. The time period studied includes the expansion of voting rights and gains in black political power, the desegregation of public schools and the emergence of whiteflight academies, and the rise and fall of federal antipoverty programs. I use two major research strategies: (1) a quantitative analysis of countylevel data and (2) three case studies. Data have been collected from archives, interviews, newspapers, and published reports. This dissertation challenges the argument that movements are inconsequential. Some view federal agencies, courts, political parties, or economic elites as the agents driving institutional change, but typically these groups acted in response to the leverage brought to bear by the civil rights movement. The Mississippi movement attempted to forge
independent structures for sustaining challenges to local inequities and injustices. By propelling change inand anconsequences array of local Kenneth Tait Andrews, "'Freedom is a constant struggle': The dynamics of the
Mississippi Civil Rights Movement, 19601984" Ph.D. State University of New York at Stony Brook, 1997 DAIA 59/02, p. 620, Aug 1998. institutions, movement infrastructures had an enduring legacy in Mississippi. Write the Draft 1. Check style guidelines. 2. Re-read the original document. 3. In each major section, highlight key information. 4. Create a single paragraph using your own words. Revise the Draft
7. Be sure youve included all necessary parts. Check the abstract against the original for accuracy. 8. Edit for wordiness. Check organization and transitions. 9. Double check guidelines and instructions. A Good Abstract Is . . . Coherent Comprehensible to a wide audience
Direct, concise, and clear References Phillip Koopman.How to Write an Abstract. http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~koopman/essays/abstract. html University of Toronto.The Abstract. http://www.io.com/~hcexres/textbook/abstracx.html UWC TAMU. Abstracts. http://writingcenter.tamu.edu/how-to/sciencetechnical/abstracts/
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