Booker T. Washington ~Born enslaved ~mostly self educated
Booker T. Washington ~Born enslaved ~mostly self educated but some by his master an hour a day in winter months. ~Graduated from Virginia Hampton Institute. ~Established Tuskagee institute. A school to help African Americans learn useful skills to receive diplomas and get jobs. ~ known for writing an autobiography, "Up From Slavery," was one of the most influential colored man in his time, and became known for helping African-Americans attain economic independence after slavery in America was declared illegal. John J. Pershing Black Jack General officer in the United states army who led the American Expedition
forces in world war one. He was promoted to the highest rank ever received in the army, which would be General of Armies, although he had controversial tactics. Pershing was referred to as Black jack because he led black troops into battle. Later he was a mentor to the American Generals who led the US in Europe, during World War II. George Dewey By: Jacob Hendricks Commodore in the US Navy April 30,1898- Led open fire on the Spanish at Manila, Philippines. Destroyed every ship there Demonstrated strong US naval force Gained support of Filipinos who also wanted freedom from Spain Allowed US troops to land in the Philippines. Booker T. Washington Born a Slave Founded & Led Tuskegee University in AL Helped Teach Many African-Americans Basic Skills for Self-Independence Gave Many African-Americans Skills for Jobs Delivered Atlanta Exposition Address
Viewed as a Revolutionary Movement by African-Americans and Whites Across the Country The agreement was that Southern blacks would work meekly and submit to white political rule, while Southern whites guaranteed that blacks would receive basic education and due process in law Fun Facts 1st African-American on Postage Stamp Francisco Pancho Villa Pancho Villa was known for being a general in the Mexican revolution. Before this, he was a bandit and a murderer and spent most of his life hiding from the law. He got a group of criminals together and led them in stealing from the wealthy and giving to the poor. People saw his skills doing this so they recruited him to start a revolution. Pancho led the army and won many battles. In march of 1916, he led an attack on Columbus, New Mexico, which was the first battle in the U.S. since 1812. The United States sent thousands of soldiers into Mexico
to find him but they never did. After the revolution, he was shot in his car. Emiliano Zapato -Born in Mexico in 1879 -Forced into Mexican army at the age of 25 -Lost father at age 17 -Led peasants during the Mexican Revolution -Supported reform and land redistribution -Zapata lived a life of resisting government leaders -Shot and killed by Mexican Government in 1919 Its better to die on your feet than live on your knees. The land belongs to to those who work it with their own hands. William Randolph Hearst Employed talented writers of the time, including Ambrose Bierce, Mark Twain, Jack London, and political cartoonist Homer Davenport
(April 29, 1863 August 14, 1951) . Owned major daily newspapers, including; The San Francisco Examiner and The New York Journal. His bitter fighting with the owner of New York World led to what is known now as Yellow Journalism or sensationalized stories of dubious veracity. Served in the House of Representatives twice, under the Democratic Party name Later he linked 30 major newspapers in addition to magazines together and created the largest news empire ever known. Most famous for pushing the publics opinion with Yellow Journalism in America at the start of the war with Spain. Because of his ties in politics and in journalism, he could influence voting and sway public on political views and dealings. The great depression collapsed his empire onto him.
Alfred T. Mahan He became a rear admiral for the US Navy. After his military career ended, he wrote on naval warfare and became a leading military expert with his works being translated into many different languages. 1902- became President of the American Historical Society. Gained honorary degrees from Cambridge, Oxford, Yale, Harvard, Columbia, Dartmouth and McGill. John Hay John Hay was a United States diplomat and writer. He studied law, and thats how he met president Lincoln. He became Lincolns private secretary for four years (1861-1865). After he was secretary for Lincoln, he held diplomatic posts in Europe, wrote editorials for the New York Tribune, and became assistant secretary of state. Later on in his life, he became secretary of state. Also, he wrote a biography on Lincoln containing ten volumes. Queen Liliuokalani -September 2, 1838 November 11, 1917 -Last reigning monarch of the Hawaiian islands
-Felt her mission was to preserve the islands for natives -1893- she wrote a new constitution for Hawaii -1894- Queen was disposed, monarch abolished, United States took over -Offered crown back to Queen if she would pardon and grant general amnesty to the States -Initially refused -Changed her mind, but she lost her chance because of delay -Arrested and forced to reside in 1895 because weapons were found in her home but she was released in 1896 do l a n ui g A lio i m E William Seward (1801-1872)
~family of slave owners but opposed slavery ~senator from NY ~Secretary of State for Lincoln, denied his presidency ~Purchase of Alaska (Sewards Folly) (Before attack) (After attack) ~Thurlow Weed helped him into politics ~very close with Lincoln, but skeptical of him ~Lewis Powell, co-conspirator of Booth, attempted to assassinate Seward (coordinated attacks) Joseph Pulitzer
American Journalist , who created a new controversial journalism with the help of William Randolph Hearst He was born in Mako, Hungary He attacked trusts and monopolies, and exposed political corruption Founded the Pulitzer Prize Purchased the New York World for about $300,000, sales when he took over went to $600,000, with the help of the drawings of cartoons by Richard F. Outcault Purchased the New York Journal in 1895 Main goal in journalism was to expose fraud and injustices among the city. I know that my retirement will make no difference in its [my newspaper's] cardinal principles, that it will always fight for progress and reform, never tolerate injustice or corruption, always fight demagogues of all parties, never belong to any party, always oppose privileged classes and public plunderers, never lack sympathy with the poor, always remain devoted to the public welfare, never be satisfied with merely printing news, always be drastically independent, never be afraid to attack wrong, whether by predatory plutocracy or
predatory poverty. Retirement Speech, 1907 Facts Born: January 28,1853 Born in Havana, Cuba Died: May 19, 1895 Died in Dos Rios, Cuba Studies in Spain Studied law Specialty in Civil Law Traveled to France with life long friend Fermin
Valdes Dominguez Reunited with family in Mexico in 1875 Painter Writer Jos Mart Jailed and Exiled 1869- his writing in support of the rebels of the Ten Years War (1868-1878) Convicted of treason Sentenced to 6 years labor at age 16 Chains that held him scarred him for life Sentence reduced and exiled to Spain
New York City Wrote for several newspapers Foreign correspondent Continued to raise support for independence in Cuba. Mexico and Guatemala Published poems, translations and plays Returned to Cuba in 1877 under fake name Married Carmen Zayas Baz Resigned as a professor in protest Marts Legacy Promoted better relations between the United States and Latin America Considered an immortal hero for all struggling for freedom
Patriot Passionate George Eastman George invented the Kodak Camera and Introduced Rolled Photographic Film in 1888. George Eastman was born on July 12, 1854, in Waterville, New York His company would create a transparent motion picture film suitable for projection in 1889.
He edited the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) magazine, the Crisis, from 1910 to 1934 i n t he d e r a He sh n of the io iation c o creat s s ent nal A Natio Advancem e e for th red Peopl
o l of Co 1909 n i ) P C (NAA W.E.B. Du Bois Late in l i fe he became identifi ed commu with ni s t causes . American sociologist, the most important black protest leader in the United States during the first half
of the 20th century. After leaving the NAACP, he returned to Atlanta University, he devoted the next 10 years to teaching and scholarship Du Bois w as a the first P leader of an-Africa n Conferen ce in Lon don in 1900 and the archi tect of four PanAfrican Congress es held b etween 1919 and 1927
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