TEC feed seminar (7 march 2013, Bangkok) Regulatory
TEC feed seminar (7 march 2013, Bangkok) Regulatory framework for Feed in the European Union (EU): Marketing of feed materials, compound feed and feed additives - Feed Hygiene - Feed Control Dr. Wolfgang Trunk EUROPEAN COMMISSION DG SANCO - Animal Nutrition Health Health and and Consumers Consumers Outline
Health and and Consumers Consumers Legislative structure (1) Basic Legislation on EU feed law is set in Directives or Regulations of the European Parliament and the Council (27 Member States) adoption based on Commission proposal. COM-Regulations to implement basic acts Trend to Regulations as directly applicable (no transposition in national law) Health Health and and Consumers
Health and and Consumers Consumers 767/2009 Regulation (EC) N 767/2009 on the placing on the market and use of feed Scope: feed materials & compound feed (including pet food) No pre-market authorisation procedure for feed material: Feed business operator is in the first hand responsible for their safety Bio-proteins became ordinary feed materials Chapter on dietetic feed ("ParNuts") List of materials prohibited/restricted for feed use ("negative list") Feed materials not listed in the EU-Catalogue must be contained in feed material register Health Health and
and Consumers Consumers 767/2009 Labelling rules for additives in feed materials & compound feed (ex!) Tolerances for analytical constituents AND feed additives Feed additive functions can be claimed for FM and compound feed (scientific substantiation in the moment of marketing; The MS-authority may submit the issue of doubtful claims to the Commission who may adopt a decision. Pilot discussion at EU level on a pre-biotic (MOS) Health Health and and Consumers Consumers
767/2009 Additive labelling in feed materials and compound feed The name of the additive, identification number and the added amount; example for Zinc*: Compounds of trace elements, mg/kg (in brackets trace element) Zinc chelate of hydroxy analogue of methionine, 3b6.10: 250 (50); Zinc chelate of amino acids hydrate, E6: 300 (50); Zinc sulphate, monohydrate, E6: 150 (50); all Zinc compounds:150) * Voluntary labelling in blue Health Health and and Consumers Consumers 767/2009 Authorisation of feed for particular nutritional purposes = dietetic feed
Parnuts = special claim - borderline with vet medicine Exclusivity of parnut with respect to essential nutritional characteristics and animal species? Example: Parnut: "Support of renal function in case of chronic renal insufficiency" Essential nutritional characteristics: "- Low level of phosphorus and restricted level of protein but of high quality (dogs and cats) or - Reduced phosphorus absorption by means of incorporation of Lanthanum carbonate octahydrate (adult cats)" Health Health and and Consumers Consumers 1831/2003
Feed Additive Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 Ban on antimicrobial growth promoters as additives pre-marketing authorisation => Principle of a positive list: only what is in the list can be placed on the market and can be used as additive in feed under conditions clearly established (type of feed, level of addition, animals intended to consume the feed, etc) Current Register with almost 2500 additives Labelling of additives and premixtures Health Health and and Consumers Consumers 1831/2003 Definition of feed additives substances, micro-organisms or preparations, other than feed
material and premixtures, which are intentionally added to feed or water in order to perform, in particular, one or more specific functions. 5 Categories are currently established for the different functions: Health Health and and Consumers Consumers 1831/2003 1. Technological additives
Preservatives Antioxidants Emulsifiers, Stabilisers, Thickeners, Gelling agents, Binders Substances for control of radionucleides Anticaking agents Acidity regulators Silage additives Denaturants Mycotoxin contamination reducers Health
Health and and Consumers Consumers 1831/2003 2. Sensory additives Colourants Flavouring compounds 3. Nutritional additives Vitamins and vitamin-like Trace elements Amino acids Urea and derivatives Health
Health and and Consumers Consumers 1831/2003 4. Zootechnical additives Digestibility enhancers Gut flora stabilisers Substances which favourably affect the environment Other zootechnical additives Substances intended to kill or inhibit protozoa 5. Coccidiostats and histomonostats
Health Health and and Consumers Consumers The different roles by the different actors Health Health and and Consumers Consumers General aspects of applications for authorisation
Application to the Commission Technical dossier to EFSA Reference samples and the part of the technical dossier with the methods of analysis to the EURL Health Health and and Consumers Consumers EURL for Feed Additives COM Regulation 378/2005 details the rules for the implementation of Regulation 1831/2003 and provides the practical conditions for the duties and tasks of the EURL Additional tasks are assigned to the EURL by Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules. In accordance with
this regulation, sampling and analysis in the context of official controls are carried out by official laboratories designated by CAs in each MS Guidance documents available on website Specific presentation on EURL tasks and activities by Mr De Jong Health Health and and Consumers Consumers Guidelines for the application for authorisation of feed additives: COM Regulation 429/2008 Health Health and and
Consumers Consumers 9 2 4 n o i t a l u g Re 8 0 0
/2 Health Health and and Consumers Consumers 1831/2003 After EFSA: European Commission => & Member States Standing Committee on the Food Chain Health
Health and and Consumers Consumers 1831/2003 Register of EU-authorised feed additives: http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/animalnutrition/feedadditives/ comm_register_feed_additives_1831-03.pdf => Although the EU authorisation regime may look complex, it is probably the best systems in terms of safety and efficacy evaluation, transparency, predictability and quickness compared to the in other parts of the world Health Health and and
Consumers Consumers 1829/2003 Reg (EC) No 1829/2003 on GM food and feed Authorisation procedure for GMOs (=> Register) State of play "new approach" on freedom for Member States to deny on their territory cultivation of authorised GM-crops on "grounds other than those based on a scientific assessment of health and environmental risks" NO labelling for the adventitious or technically unavoidable presence of authorised GM food and feed in a proportion that is no higher than 0.9 %. Regulation EC 619/2011 harmonising the implementation of the zerotolerance policy on non-authorised GM-material in feed - Sets a technical zero at a level of 0.1 % Health Health and and Consumers
Consumers 1829/2003 http://ec.europa.eu/food/dyna/gm_register/index_en.cfm Maize (Bt11) Genetically modified maize that contains: SYN-BT the cryIA (b) gene inserted to confer 11-1 insect-resistance [ Synge nta ] the pat gene inserted to confer
tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium Foods and food ingredients containing, consisting of, or produced from SYN-BT111xMON-21-9 Feed containing, consisting of, or produced from SYNBT11-1xMON-21-9 Products other than food and feed containing or consisting of SYN-BT111xMON-21-9 Health Health and and Consumers Consumers
27/07/ 2020 183/2005 Feed Hygiene 183/2005 Covers all feed business operations except retail of pet food Regulates manufacturing standards for FBOs, Introduces HACCP for Annex-II-FBOs i.e. apart from primary production Foresees approval or registration of FBOs depending on activity Encourages "Guides for good manufacturing practice" Self-regulation Industry scheme NO safety insurance => the adherence to a certain scheme like FAMI-QS might improve the manufacturing in the additive factory but does not imply for the control authorities in the EU an assumed safety of the products or even safety certification! Health Health and
and Consumers Consumers 183/2005 Import rules for feed containing animal products including pet food => ABP-Reg 1069/2009: harmonised import rules certificates Marketing rules acc 767/2009 Import rules for feed of non-animal origin including additives: NO Third Country lists nor establishments lists of the TC => importer as responsible FBO must be on MS list Revision of annex II by Reg 225/2012 ("dioxin package"): approval of establishments placing on the market, for feed use, products derived from vegetable oils and blended fats and as regards the specific requirements for production, storage, transport and dioxin testing
Health Health and and Consumers Consumers 1069/2009 Regulation 1069/2009 on animal by-products not intended for human consumption => animal and public health protection Categorisation of ABPs: 1 2 3 Processing standards Channelling for the different products Catering waste prohibition in feed Prohibition intra-species recycling Feed ban laid down in Annex IV of TSE-Regulation 999/2001 (recently revised by Reg. 56/2013)
Health Health and and Consumers Consumers 882/2004 Regulation 882/2004 on official controls on feed and food To ensure they are done on a risk basis = with appropriate frequency To establish EU framework for greater harmonisation and the integration of controls across the entire food and feed chain (farm to fork) EU list with high risk products of non-animal origin (Art 15 V) => increased and harmonised import controls To establish a community and national reference laboratories network; Requirement for CAs to prepare of a single integrated multi-annual national control plan for effective implementation of the Regulation; To organise and develop a Community food safety training strategy Better Training for Safer Food
Health Health and and Consumers Consumers 882/2004 Reg 669/2009 on increased level of official controls on imports of certain feed and food of non-animal: Import procedure: DPE, Common Entry Doc (CED), List: intended use - CN code - Country of origin Hazard - Frequency physical + id-checks Thailand only listed with food Ex: Groundnuts (peanuts), in shell (Feed and food) - 1202 41 00 - India (IN) Aflatoxins 20% Ex: Feed additives and premixtures - ex 2309 - India (IN) - Cadmium and lead - 10%
Health Health and and Consumers Consumers Resume 1. EU food safety system has been completely reformed since 2000 2. Establishment of the "farm to fork" principle includes in particular feed safety, in concrete by the provisions on feed hygiene marketing rules for feed integration in system for official controls 3. Reg 1831/2003 made EU system with centralised authorisation procedure based on an independent risk assessment world class
EU a pioneer on reduction of AGPs (AMR!) Health Health and and Consumers Consumers Questions ? Health Health and and Consumers Consumers
Most Probable Number Method (MPN). The most probable number (MPN) is particularly useful for low concentrations of organisms (<100/g), especially in milk and water, and for those foods whose particulate matter may interfere with accurate colony counts.
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