Transit Bus Emissions Control Systems Day 3: DEF/DPF

Transit Bus Emissions Control Systems Day 3: DEF/DPF

Transit Bus Emissions Control Systems Day 3: DEF/DPF with SCR Emissions Control Systems Todays Learning Objectives Explain the operation and major functions of UTAs 2010 Emission control system Explain why additional engine cooling capacity is needed to meet EPA 2010 regulations Explain operation of active regeneration injectors, SCR, and DEF injection system Diagnose and repair faults related to the DEF injection system Use Cummins INSITE for analyzing and troubleshooting 2010 buses 2 DEF w/SCR Emissions Control Systems This approach is installed on 2010 coaches with Cummins engines at UTA We will walkthrough documentation from Quickserve for a 2010 ISB Engine (#73087097) 3 DEF w/ SCR Emissions Control Systems Operations 4

2010 ISB Engine Diagram Front View 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Alternator mounting Coolant outlet connection / thermostat housing Fan hub EGR connection tube EGR valve Oil pressure switch Engine speed/position sensor (camshaft) Engine speed/position sensor (crankshaft) Vibration damper (viscous) Front gear cover Water pump

Refrigerant compressor mounting location Automatic belt tensioner Turbocharger compressor inlet Turbocharger compressor outlet 5 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 ISB Engine Diagram Left Side View 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. Fuel filter Air compressor coolant supply Service diagnostic test connection for fuel system tests Fuel drain tube (fuel rail pressure relief valve) Rear engine lifting bracket Crankcase ventilation tube Air compressor coolant return Fuel filter return line Fuel filter supply line Fuel pump actuator High-pressure fuel pump Flywheel housing Gear pump fuel pump High pressure fuel supply to rail Air compressor Main lubricating oil gallery port Lubricating oil pan Lubricating oil drain plug Lubricating oil heater mounting location Lubricating oil heater mounting location Crankshaft speed indicator ring Lubricating oil level gauge (dipstick) Electronic Control Module (ECM)

Intake air inlet EGR valve EGR differential pressure sensor 6 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 ISB Engine Diagram Rear Views 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Cylinder head fuel drain (injector) connection Exhaust outlet connection Flywheel manual transmissions Flexplate automatic transmissions (not shown) Flywheel housing Air compressor coolant return tube. With external flywheel housing mounted breather system (picture at left): 1. Crankcase ventilation filter housing 2. Breather connection tube (rocker lever cover to rear gear housing) 3. Crankcase breather outlet tube 4. Crankcase breather oil drain tube 5. Crankcase breather tube (flywheel housing to

crankcase ventilation filter housing 6. Crankcase pressure sensor 7 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 ISB Engine Diagram Right side view 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. EGR cooler Variable geometry turbocharger

coolant return tube Turbocharger compressor outlet EGR cooler coolant return tube Front engine lifting bracket Exhaust pressure sensor tube Oil pressure regulator Oil filter head / Oil cooler Water inlet connection Oil filter Coolant heater port Air compressor coolant return tube Variable geometry turbocharger oil supply tube NOx sensor mounted on block; sensor installed in exhaust plumbing at turbocharger outlet Variable geometry turbocharger coolant supply tube Variable geometry turbocharger oil drain tube Starting motor Gear housing (rear) Service access / Barring point 15. 16. 17. 18. Variable geometry turbocharger actuator Variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) Exhaust manifold EGR cooler coolant supply tube

8 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 ISB Engine Diagram Top view 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. EGR cooler Crankcase ventilation filter cover* Turbocharger speed sensor

EGR cooler coolant supply tube Crankcase pressure sensor** Rocker lever cover Injector harness pass-through connector (1 of 2) Fuel rail pressure sensor Fuel injector supply lines (high pressure 6 total) Intake air manifold temperature/pressure sensor Fuel rail Crankcase breather oil drain tube (1 of 2) Intake air heater positive terminal Injector harness pass-through connector (2 of 2) Fuel pressure relief valve Crankcase breather oil drain tube (2 of 2) EGR temperature sensor Intake air heater (internal to intake manifold) Oil fill (rocker lever cover) Coolant temperature sensor De-aeration port (to OEM coolant top tank) Exhaust pressure sensor * On engines equipped with an externally mounted breather, the crankcase ventilation filter is located at the rear of the engine. ** On engines equipped with an externally mounted breather, the crankcase pressure sensor is located in the crankcase ventilation filter housing at the rear of the engine 9 Source: Cummins Quickserve

2010 Cummins ISB Air Intake Overview On an engine with EGR, the air intake system and exhaust system components work together to provide the correct amount of intake charge flow into the engine. The major components of the intake system are: 1 2 5 4 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Turbocharger Charge Air Cooler (CAC) Air Intake Connection Air Intake Manifold / Cold Starting Aid

EGR Valve 10 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Turbocharger Operation (1) The turbocharger in the 2010 Cummins is a variable geometry turbocharger (VGT). It includes: A serviceable actuator mounted to the bearing housing of the turbocharger A speed sensor in the bearing housing to monitor operation Water cooled bearing housings (in addition to oil lubrication 11 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Turbocharger Operation (2) Turbocharger uses exhaust gas energy from the engine to turn the turbine wheel Turbine wheel drives the compressor wheel through a common shaft Impellers on the compressor wheel draw intake air through

the air filter and inlet plumbing into the turbocharger compressor housing Air is then pressurized by the compressor wheel before being delivered to charge air cooler 12 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Turbocharger Operation (3) The turbine, compressor wheel, and shaft are supported by two rotating bearings in the bearing housing. Passages in the bearing housing direct filtered, pressurized engine oil to the shaft bearing and thrust bearings. The oil is used to lubricate and cool the rotating components. Oil then drains from the bearing housing to the engine sump, through the oil drain line. An adequate supply of good, filtered oil is very important to the life of the turbocharger. Make sure a high quality oil is used and the oil and the oil filter are changed in accordance with the maintenance recommendations. 13

Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Charge Air Cooler (CAC) 1. Chassis mounted charge air coolers improve engine performance and reduce emissions 2. The system uses large diameter piping to transfer the air from the turbocharger to the CAC, then returns the air from the CAC to the intake manifold 3. Air compressed by the turbocharger increases in temperature, this air is passed through the CAC, which cools the air. 4. The cooler air is more dense, so more air can be compressed into the cylinder, yielding a greater combustion efficiency. 14 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Air Intake Connection The air intake connection (1) is a critical piece in combining the EGR flow and the fresh intake air. EGR valve (2) is mounted on

top of the air intake connection. The amount of EGR flow entering the air intake connection is determined by readings from the delta p sensor (3) The air intake connection is also the air intake source for engines with turbochargers. An air compressor inlet tube connects the air compressor to the air intake connection 15 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Air Intake Manifold / Cold Starting Aid The air intake manifold with integral cold starting aid covers the intake portion of the cylinder head. The cold starting aid is used to pre-heat the intake air under cold ambient conditions The ECM controls the operation of the intake air heater by controlling a single solenoid which provides power for the heater when commanded 16 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Air Intake Flow and Overall Operation Air Intake Flow 1. Air cleaner 2. Turbocharger compressor inlet 3. Turbocharger compressor outlet 4. Charge air cooler inlet

5. Charge air cooler outlet 6. Air intake connection 7. Intake manifold 8. Intake port 9. Intake valves 10. EGR connection tube 11. EGR cooled exhaust gases 12. Charge air cooled intake air 13. EGR valve 14. Air mixture to combustion cylinder 17 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Exhaust System Overview On an engine with EGR, the air intake system and exhaust system components work together to provide the correct amount of intake charge flow into the engine. The major components of the exhaust system are: 1. 2. 3. 4. Exhaust manifold and seal

EGR cooler EGR valve Exhaust pressure sensor and mounting we will also look at the main aftertreatment components of the exhaust system 18 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Exhaust Manifold and Seal The exhaust manifold and seal is a two-piece design with a sealed slip-joint to allow for thermal expansion. 1 2 The exhaust manifold has an additional port (1) that connects to the EGR cooler inlet. 19 Source: Cummins Quickserve

2010 Cummins ISB EGR Cooler and EGR Valve The EGR cooler cools the exhaust gases flowing to the EGR valve. The EGR cooler is mounted above the exhaust manifold and is supported by the EGR cooler mounting bracket attached to the cylinder head. The EGR cooler has a coolant vent near the exhaust outlet of the EGR cooler. This vent prevents air from being trapped in the cooler during coolant filling and engine operation by continuously flowing coolant to the top tank of the vehicle cooling system Because the EGR valve is mounted on top of the air intake connection. The EGR valve is an electric motor-driven valve that is controlled by the engine ECM. The EGR valve uses a dual poppet valve to control the EGR flow into the air intake connection. The EGR valve is not a serviceable part. 20 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Exhaust Pressure Sensor and Mounting Exhaust pressure in the exhaust manifold, is measured by an exhaust pressure sensor. What two things does the pressure in the exhaust manifold determine? In order to maximize longevity, the sensor does NOT mount directly in the exhaust manifold.

The exhaust pressure sensor is located in a mounting pedestal attached to the cylinder head (shown in picture). 21 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Exhaust Aftertreatment Components The aftertreatment system is used to reduce particulate emissions and is composed of six main components: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Aftertreatment inlet and DOC Aftertreatment DPF differential pressure sensor Aftertreatment DPF Aftertreatment outlet Aftertreatment exhaust gas temperature sensors Aftertreatment DPF temperature sensor interface module

2 5 5 4 6 3 1 22 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Passive Regeneration Passive regeneration occurs when the exhaust temperatures are naturally high enough to oxidize the soot collected in the aftertreatment diesel particulate filter faster than the soot is collected. Passive regeneration typically occurs when the temperature of the aftertreatment diesel particulate filter is above 316 C (600F). This occurs during highway driving or when driving with heavy loads. Since passive regeneration occurs naturally, it is considered to be normal engine operation. No fuel is added to the exhaust stream during passive regeneration

23 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Active Regeneration Active regeneration occurs when the exhaust temperatures are not naturally high enough to oxidize the soot collected in the aftertreatment diesel particulate filter faster than it is collected. Active regeneration requires assistance from the engine in order to increase the exhaust temperature. This is typically done by injecting a small amount of diesel fuel into the exhaust stream (called aftertreatment injection) which is then oxidized by the aftertreatment DCO. The oxidation of this additional fuel creates the heat needed to regenerate the aftertreatment DPF. For active regeneration to occur, the ECM must detect that the aftertreatment diesel particulate filter restriction has reached a specified limit. Once this limit is reached, the engine will alter its operation in order to create exhaust temperatures high enough to actively regenerate the aftertreatment DPF.

24 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Exhaust System Flow and Overall Operation Exhaust System Flow (1) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Exhaust valves Exhaust port Exhaust manifold Turbocharger Turbocharger exhaust outlet Exhaust inlet to EGR valve and cooler 7. EGR cooler 8. Cooled exhaust outlet to EGR valve 9. EGR valve 10. EGR valve differential pressure sensor 25 Source: Cummins Quickserve

2010 Cummins ISB Exhaust System Flow and Overall Operation Exhaust System Flow (2) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Exhaust gas flow from turbocharger DOC intake temperature sensor DOC DPF intake temperature sensor DPF pressure sensor DPF DPF outlet temperature sensor Exhaust gas flow from the DPF DEF supply from the aftertreatment DEF dosing valve

DEF dosing valve Aftertreatment decomposition reactor Exhaust gas and DEF mixture SCR intake temperature sensor SCR catalyst SCR outlet temperature sensor Aftertreatment outlet NOx sensor Exhaust flow exiting aftertreatment system Coolant supply and return for aftertreatment DEF dosing valve 26 Source: Cummins Quickserve 2010 Cummins ISB Exhaust System Flow and Overall Operation Exhaust System Flow (3) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Coolant flow from engine to aftertreatment DEF tank coolant valve DEF tank coolant valve Coolant flow to DEF tank (only when DEF tank coolant valve is open DEF tank Coolant return to engine

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. DEF flow to DEF dosing tank DEF flow to DEF dosing unit DEF dosing unit DEF return to DEF tank DEF flow to DEF dosing valve 27 Source: Cummins Quickserve Notes on Other Engines There are not yet any Detroit Diesels at UTA with this technology There are also other similar Cummins engines using this system, this model is used as a representative sample 28 DEF w/ SCR Emissions Control Systems Service 29

Working with DEF Q. Should I be concerned about handling DEF? A.No. DEF is a nontoxic, nonpolluting, non-hazardous and nonflammable solution. It is stable, colorless, and meets accepted international standards for purity and composition. DEF is safe to handle and store and poses no serious risk to humans, animals, equipment or the environment when handled properly. Q. What should I do if I spill DEF? A. If DEF is spilled, contain the spilled liquid and absorb it with an inert, non-combustible absorbent material, such as sand. Shovel the material into a suitable container for disposal. Spills into a drain should be avoided. If spilled into a drain, flush thoroughly with water. For significant quantities, contact local authorities for proper disposal procedures. If DEF is spilled on your vehicle, rinse with water. 30 Working with DEF Q. What happens if I ingest DEF? A.DEF should never be ingested. If it is ingested, do not induce vomiting. A physician should be consulted if you begin experience any symptoms. Q. What happens if I inhale DEF? B. While pumping DEF will not cause significant exposure, inhalation may occur if exposed to DEF in a closed area and/ of if DEF is misted into the air. Under normal conditions of use, harmful effects are not expected. If you inhale DEF, you should move to an area with fresh air and obtain medical attention if symptoms, such as irritation to nose and throat, develop or persist. Review MSDS sheet from Cummins for additional information. 31

DEF w/ SCR Service Process for servicing DEF supply module, DEF tank and hoses, cleaning DEF nozzle Using the DEF flow tester Removing fluid lines Servicing decomposition reactor and DEF dosing valve Servicing SCR and related brackets and piping Servicing DEF injection system (injector, pump, dispenser, supply lines) 32 Exhaust, Intake and Aftertreatment Service Instructions The student guide contains 2010 ISB service manual instructions for: 1. Dry exhaust manifold 2. Exhaust restriction 3. EGR cooler, valve and connection tubes 4. Exhaust gas pressure sensor tube 5. EGR cooler coolant lines 6. Aftertreatment SCR Catalyst 7. Aftertreatment DPF 8. DPF Differential pressure sensor tubes 9. Aftertreatment DOC 10. Aftertreatment system 11. Exhaust system diagnostics 12. Aftertreatment DEF Fluid Controller 13. Aftertreatment DEF Fluid dosing unit / Dosing valve override test 14. Aftertreatment DEF Fluid dosing valve 15. Aftertreatment DEF Fluid dosing unit filter

16. Aftertreatment decomposition tube 17. Aftertreatment outlet 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. Air in DEF Aftertreatment DEF Controller Calibration code Aftertreatment DEF system leak test Air inlet connection Air intake manifold Air leaks, Air Intake and Exhaust systems Charge Air Cooler Air intake restriction Turbocharger Turbocharger coolant hoses

Turbocharger oil drain line Turbocharger oil supply line Intake manifold pressure Air intake connection Turbocharger compressor outlet connection VGT turbocharger actuator Air intake system diagnostics Which of these have you had trouble with? 33 DOC w/ DPF Emissions Control Systems Troubleshooting 34 DEF w/ SCR Problems Aftertreatment DPF excessive ash cleaning Intake Manifold Air Temp above spec Turbocharger leaks engine oil or fuel

DEF usage abnormal Stationary Regen will not Activate Stationary Regen will not complete DPF excessive automatic or stationary regen DEF contamination What other common or difficult problems do you see on these and similar engines? How have you addressed them? 35 DPF Excessive Ash Cleaning Step Cause to Check Correction 1 Electronic fault codes active or high counts of inactive fault codes View and troubleshoot the fault codes with INSITE. Refer to the Troubleshooting and Repair manual. 2 Lubricating oil being used has high ash content Use an engine lubricating oil that meets CES 20081. Refer to the appropriate

Owners or Operations Manual 3 Blending of engine lubricating oil into fuel Confirm oil blending into fuel. Drain fuel and replace with clean fuel. Refer to the appropriate Owners or Operations manual. 4 Fuel supplement / additive used has high Discontinue of the fuel supplement/additive being used. Refer to Cummins Fuel ash content recommendation, bulleting 3379001. 5 Crankcase pressure is excessive Check for excessive blowby. Refer to the "Crankcase Gases (Blowby) - Excessive" Troubleshooting Symptom 6 Excessive internal oil consumption Refer to the "Oil Consumption - Excessive Troubleshooting Symptom Tree" 36

Source: Cummins Quickserve Intake Manifold Temperature High Step Cause to Check Correction 1 Fan drive belt is broken Check the fan drive belt. Replace the belt if necessary. (Procedure 008-002) 2 Fan drive belt is loose. Check the belt tension and tighten if necessary. (Procedure 008-002) 3 Cold weather radiator cover or winterfront is closed Open the cold weather radiator cover or the winterfront. Follow OEM instructions 4 Radiator shutters are not opening

completely or the shutterstat setting is wrong Inspect the radiator shutters. Repair or replace if necessary. Refer to OEM instructions. Check the shutterstat setting. 5 Charge air cooler fins, radiator fins, or air Inspect the charge air cooler, air conditioner condenser, and radiator fins. Clean, if conditioner condenser fins are damaged necessary. (procedure 010-027) or obstructed with debris 6 Electronic fault codes are active or there View and troubleshoot the fault codes with INSITE. are high counts of inactive fault codes. 7 Intake manifold air temperature sensor has an in range failure Check the intake manifold air temperature sensors that correspond to the fault code. Replace the sensor if necessary. (Procedure 019-159 in Troubleshooting manual) 8 Programmable parameters or selected features are not correct.

Check the programmable parameters and the selected features with an electronic service tool. Set the parameters and features again if necessary. (Procedure 019078 in Troubleshooting manual) 37 Source: Cummins Quickserve Intake Manifold Temperature High (continued) Step Cause to Check Correction 9 Fan drive or fan controls are malfunctioning. Check the fan drive and controls. (Procedure 008-027) if electronically controlled by ECM. Otherwise see OEM service manual. 10 Fan is not correct Check the fan part number and compare it to the OEM specified part number. Replace fan if necessary 11

Fan shroud is damaged or missing or the Inspect the shroud and the recirculation baffles. Repair, replace, or install if air recirculation baffles are damaged or necessary. Refer to OEM Service Manual missing 12 Vehicle speed is too low for adequate cooling with high engine load Reduce the engine load. Increase the engine (fan) rpm by downshifting 13 Exhaust system leaking hot air into engine compartment Check the exhaust plumbing for leaks or broken components. (Procedure 010024) 14 the boost sensor and circuit. Compare the intake manifold pressure sensor Intake manifold pressure (boost) sensor Check reading in the monitor mode using INSITE to a manual pressure gauge. Refer to or circuit is malfunctioning procedure 019-059 in the Troubleshooting manual. 15 EGR valve is leaking

Check the EGR valve for leaks. (Procedure 011-022) 16 EGR cooler malfunctioning Check the EGR cooler. (Procedure 011-019) 17 Vehicle cooling system is not adequate Verify that the engine and vehicle cooling systems are using the correct components. Refer to OEM manual 18 Fan is not an adequate size for the application Verify that the fan is the correct size. Refer to the OEM manual. 38 Source: Cummins Quickserve Turbocharger Leaks Engine Oil or Fuel Step Cause to Check Correction

1 Electronic fault codes active or high counts of inactive fault codes View and troubleshoot fault codes with INSITE. Refer to Troubleshooting manual 2 Engine is operating for extended periods under light or no-load conditions (slobbering) Review the engine operating instructions in the Operations Manual. Low oil and coolant temperatures can be caused by long idle times (> 10 minutes). Shut off the engine rather than idle for long periods. If idle time is necessary, raise the engine / idle speed. 3 White smoke is present Refer to Smoke, white -- Excessive symptom tree 4 Lubricating oil lines leak oil Check all oil lines and fittings for leaks. Tighten loose fittings and replace leaking oil lines if necessary.

5 Turbocharger oil drain line is restricted. Remove the turbocharger oil drain line and check for restriction. Clean or replace the oil drain line. (Procedure 010-045) 6 Crankcase ventilation system is malfunctioning Verify crankcase vent system operation. (Procedures 003-001 and 003-019) 7 Crankcase pressure is excessive Check for excessive blowby. Refer to procedure 014-010. If blowby is above specifications, refer to crankcase gases (blowby) excessive symptom tree 39 Source: Cummins Quickserve Turbocharger Leaks Engine Oil or Fuel (continued) Step Cause to Check Correction

8 Lubricating oil or fuel is entering the turbocharger Remove the intake and exhaust piping, and check for oil or fuel 9 Air intake system restriction is above specification Check the air intake system for restriction. Clean or replace the air filter and inlet piping as necessary. (Procedure 010-031) 10 Exhaust system restriction is not within Check the exhaust system for restrictions. (Procedure 011-009) specification 11 Turbocharger oil seal is leaking 12 Turbocharger wheel clearance is out of Check the radial bearing clearance and axial clearance. Inspect the specification turbocharger. Repair or replace turbocharger if necessary. (Procedure 010-033)

13 Valve stem clearance is excessive or the Check the valve stems and seals. (Procedure 002-004) valve stem seals are damaged Check the turbocharger compressor and turbine seals (Procedure 010-033) 40 Source: Cummins Quickserve DEF Usage Abnormal Step Cause to Check Correction 1 Electronic fault codes active or high counts of inactive fault codes Use Cummins INSITE 2 Aftertreatment DEF leak (external) Inspect for external aftertreatment DEF leaks near the aftertreatment DEF tank, aftertreatment DEF lines, and associated connections. Repair or replace parts as

necessary. 3 Aftertreatment DEF low level or warning The vehicle manufacturer has the ability to change the settings for low warning activations, causing the low DEF level warnings to activate earlier than expected. level not set correctly Verify the settings are correctly set. Refer to the OEM service manual 4 Verify that the ECM calibration is correct. Check the calibration revision history applicable fixes to the calibration stored in the ECM. Refer to the calibration Electronic control module calibration is for history spreadsheet on Quickserve online. Compare the calibration stored in the malfunctioning ECM with the engine rating and the control parts list, bulleting 4021326 or 4021327. If necessary, calibrate the ECM. (Procedure 019-032 in section 19) 5 Aftertreatment DEF level gauge is inaccurate 6 Engine out NOx emissions above normal Refer to the engine performance tree. Verify that the aftertreatment DEF level gauge is correctly calibrated and matched to the DEF tank. Refer to the OEM service manual.

41 Source: Cummins Quickserve Stationary Regen will not activate Step Cause to Check Electronic fault codes or high counts of inactive fault codes Correction View and troubleshoot the fault codes with INSITE. Refer to the Troubleshooting manual 2 Soot load of the DPF is too low A stationary regeneration can be performed with the vehicle mounted switch only when the DPF lamp is illuminated. INSITE can perform a stationary regeneration if the DPF lamp is illuminated or NOT illuminated. Refer to procedure 014-013 (Aftertreatment Testing) 3 The correct Stationary Regeneration procedure is not being followed Refer to OEM instructions on how to perform a stationary regeneration or refer

to procedure 014-013 Clutch pedal is depressed The clutch pedal must be released fro stationary regeneration to activate. Monitor the clutch pedal position switch with INSITE and verify it is released. If the vehicle does not have a clutch pedal, verify the clutch pedal position switch is not installed in features and parameters. If necessary, check the clutch switch adjustment, switch, and circuit. (Procedure 019-009 and 019-010) Brake pedal is depressed The brake pedal must be released fro stationary regeneration to activate. Monitor the brake pedal position switch with INSITE and verify it is released. If necessary, check the vehicle brake switch and circuit. (Procedure 019-088 and 019-089) PTO or Remote PTO is engaged Stationary regeneration will not activate if the engine is operation in PTO or remote PTO. Verify PTO or remote PTO switch is in the OFF position. If necessary check the cruise control/PTO selector switch and circuit. (Procedure 019-021 and 019-022) Vehicle speed is greater than zero Stationary regeneration will not activate if the vehicle speed is greater than zero. Use INSITE to monitor the vehicle speed while the vehicle is not moving. IF the monitor shows speed, check the sensor and circuit. (Procedure 019-091 and 019093) 1

4 5 6 7 42 Source: Cummins Quickserve Stationary Regen will not activate (continued) Step Cause to Check Correction 8 Accelerator pedal position is greater than zero Stationary regeneration will not activate if the accelerator pedal position is greater than zero. Check for accelerator pedal or lever restriction. Use INSITE to monitor the percent throttle reading. Check the accelerator pedal position sensor and the circuit. (Procedure 019-085 in Section 19) 9

Vehicle parking brake is not set Verify that the parking brake is set. Refer to the OEM service manual. 10 Transmission is not in park, if provided, Verify that the transmission is in Park, if provided, otherwise in Neutral. Refer otherwise in neutral to the OEM service manual. 11 ECM calibration is malfunctioning Verify that the ECM calibration is correct. Check the calibration revision history for applicable fixes to the calibration stored in the ECM. Refer to the calibration history spreadsheet ECM calibration_rev_history.xls on Quickserve Online or the INCAL calibration CD. Compare the calibration stored in the ECM with the engine rating and control parts list. If necessary, calibrate the ECM. (Procedure 019-032 in the Troubleshooting manual) 43 Source: Cummins Quickserve Stationary Regen will not complete Step Cause to Check

Correction 1 Electronic fault codes active or high counts of inactive fault codes View and troubleshoot the fault codes with INSITE. Refer to Troubleshooting manual 2 Stationary regeneration stops after a short period of time Verify that all of the conditions that allow a stationary regeneration to activate are still valid. Refer to Stationary regeneration will not activate symptom tree 3 Stationary regeneration not allowed to run to completion Allow the stationary regeneration to run until completion, which can take up to 2.5 hours. (Procedure 014-013) 4 Exhaust leaks in the OEM exhaust piping Inspect the OEM exhaust piping and the aftertreatment system for exhaust leaks. leading to the aftertreatment system or (Procedure 010-024) leaks in the aftertreatment system

5 Aftertreatment gas temperature sensors Monitor the aftertreatment gas temperature sensor values with INSITE during the are not functioning properly stationary regeneration. (Procedure 011-056) 6 Use INSITE to verify that the turbocharger actuator position is maintained at 89 closed or higher during the stationary regeneration. If the turbocharger Turbocharger is not functioning properly percent actuator does not maintain 89 percent closed or higher, verify that the turbocharger sector gear has full travel. (Procedure 010-134) 7 Aftertreatment system is damaged Check for progressive damage to the aftertreatment system (Procedure 014-013) ECM calibration is malfunctioning Verify that the ECM calibration is correct. Check the calibration revision history for applicable fixes to the calibration stored in the ECM. Refer to the calibration history spreadsheet ECM calibration_rev_history.xls on Quickserve Online or the INCAL calibration CD. Compare the calibration stored in the ECM with the engine rating and control parts list. If necessary, calibrate the ECM. (Procedure 019-032 in the Troubleshooting manual) 8

44 Source: Cummins Quickserve DPF Excessive Automatic or Stationary Regen Step Cause to Check Correction Electronic fault codes active or high counts of inactive fault codes View and troubleshoot the fault codes with INSITE. Refer to Troubleshooting manual 2 Incorrect calibration installed in ECM Verify that the ECM calibration is correct. Check the calibration revision history for applicable fixes to the calibration stored in the ECM. Refer to Quickserve Online to verify that the presently installed calibration matches the DPF installed on the vehicle. (Procedure 019-031 in the Troubleshooting manual) 3 Applicable calibration fixes available

Check the calibration revision history on Quickserve for applicable fixes to the calibration presently installed. If necessary, calibrate the ECM. (Procedure 019-031 in the Troubleshooting manual) 4 OEM or customer selected inhibit feature Check the aftertreatment system inhibit features with INSITE. Change either the is preventing active regeneration during vehicle route and/or duty cycle such that the inhibit features do not prevent or vehicle operation interrupt active regeneration. (Procedure 011-099) 5 Aftertreatment DPF is full of ash The maintenance interval for ash cleaning has been reached. See the Owners or Operations manual for engine being serviced. Refer to Aftertreatment DPF Excessive Ash cleaning troubleshooting symptom tree. If it is suspected that the ash has accumulated in the filter, remove the filter for cleaning. (Procedure 011041) 6 Aftertreatment DPF differential pressure Check the functionality of the aftertreatment diesel particulate filter delta p sensor sensor instructions. (Procedure 019-443 in the Troubleshooting manual) 7 Exhaust leaks in the OEM exhaust piping leading to the aftertreatment system or leaks in the aftertreatment system

1 Inspect the OEM exhaust piping and the aftertreatment system for exhaust leaks. (Procedure 010-024 in section 10). If an exhaust leak is discovered in OEM exhaust plumbing, refer to OEM service manual. Ins some instances, exhaust pipe gaskets are available. 45 Source: Cummins Quickserve DPF Excessive Automatic or Stationary Regen (continued..) Step 8 9 Cause to Check Correction EGR valve malfunctioning Use INSITE to perform the aftertreatment DPF regeneration test. Allow the stationary regeneration procedure to run a minimum of 15 minutes. Use INSITE to monitor the EGR differential pressure value. EGR differential pressure must read less than 1.7 kPa during the aftertreatment stationary regeneration procedure. IF the EGR differential pressure is reading above specification, inspect the EGR differential pressure sensing ports for restriction. If not restriction is found, replace the EGR valve. NOTE: record values for the next troubleshooting steps while performing this stationary

regeneration with INSITE. Turbocharger is malfunctioning Use INSITE to perform the aftertreatment DPF regeneration test. Allow the stationary regeneration procedure to run a minimum of 15 minutes. Use INSITE to monitor the Turbocharger Actuator Position Measured (percent closed), and Enhanced Exhaust Gas Pressure. Turbocharger actuator position during a stationary regeneration must read greater than 90 percent, and exhaust gas pressure must read greater than or equal to 405 kPA during the aftertreatment stationary regeneration procedure. If the turbocharger actuator position or exhaust gas pressure are reading below the specification, a malfunctioning turbocharger or actuator has been detected. Verify proper operation of the sector gear and proper installation of the VG actuator. (Procedure 010-134 in section 10). If the actuator is installed properly, replace the turbocharger. (Procedure 010-033 in section 10). 46 Source: Cummins Quickserve DPF Excessive Automatic or Stationary Regen (continued..) Step Cause to Check Correction 10 High pressure fuel system leak,

component malfunctioning Check the rail pressure decay by completing the high pressure leak down test. (Procedure 005-236 in section 5). If the fuel rail pressure decay is not excessive, replace the fuel injectors. (Procedure 005-026 in section 6). If the rail pressure decay is above specification, troubleshoot the High pressure injector return and/ or the High pressure fuel rail return. 11 Diesel oxidation catalyst contaminated Replace the diesel oxidation catalyst 12 Extended operation of engine in low cycle, extended idling, and/or low ambient temperatures Check the aftertreatment system trip information with INSITE. Low load and low duty cycle applications generally require more active or stationary regeneration time to keep the aftertreatment system functioning properly. If the vehicle load and duty cycle are unable to be increased, more stationary regenerations may be needed. (Procedure 101-047 in section 1 of Owners manual) 47 Source: Cummins Quickserve DEF Contamination

Step Cause to Check Correction 1 Diesel exhaust fluid tank has been filled or partially filled with fluid other than diesel exhaust fluid 2 Diesel exhaust fluid tank is cracked or Repair or replace the DEF tank or DEF tank cap. Refer to the OEM service diesel exhaust fluid tank cap is manual leaking 3 Bulk diesel exhaust fluid supply is contaminated Check the bulk DEF supply. Drain the DEF tank and replace with noncontaminated diesel exhaust fluid. (Procedure 011-056 in Section 11) 4 Diesel exhaust fluid tank heater coolant lines leaking coolant

Repair or replace the DEF tank heater coolant lines. Refer to the OEM service manual. Drain the DEF tank and replace with non-contaminated DEF. (Procedure 011-056 in Section 11) 48 Source: Cummins Quickserve DEF w/ DOC Systems Computer Diagnostics 49 Computer Diagnostic Systems Remember: You will have much more success maintaining and troubleshooting Emission systems if you become comfortable using INSITE Valuable resource for manual references not just for finding codes Provide an ability to examine a problem and easily test possible solutions Use them early in the process 50 Cummins INSITE for 2010 Buses Discuss special considerations for Regens on 2010 buses

There are new screens in INSITE for DEF and SCR temperature sensors Other best practices (what applies from the 07/09 list?) 51 DEF with SCR Systems Hands-On Practice 52 Demonstrations Manual Regen Practice Cummins INSITE Practice Practice with servicing specific DEF / SCR system components 53 Course Wrap Up Every so often, use the laptop on Buses that are running well! This will help you to know whats different when things go wrong. Your feedback is encouraged. 54

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    Chapter 1 - Introduction

    Chapter 1 - Introduction [T]his concept of ''national defense'' cannot be deemed an end in itself, justifying any exercise of legislative power designed to promote such a goal. Implicit in the term ''national defense'' is the notion of defending those...
  • Warm - Up / Cool Down

    Warm - Up / Cool Down

    Must occur after the general warm-up. Must be specific to the activity. Stretching improves flexibility, increases relaxation of muscles and improves muscles ability to withstand the forces involved in exercise. Stretching can be either static (no movement) or dynamic (with...
  • Boating Beyond Simple Shewart - NPAIHB

    Boating Beyond Simple Shewart - NPAIHB

    Boating Beyond Simple Shewhart Model 11 Destinations Purposeā€”To provide a quick long distance view. Content Time or observations between events (g, h, t charts). CUSUM and EWMA Following a panel of patients Small Multiples (Thanks to Jerry Langley) Problem of...
  • Chapter 6 Loops and Files Knowledge Goals  Understand

    Chapter 6 Loops and Files Knowledge Goals Understand

    Chapter 6 Loops and Files Knowledge Goals Understand the semantics of while loop Understand when a count-controlled loop is appropriate Understand when an event-controlled loop is appropriate Know the difference between an iteration counter and an event counter Know where...
  • LWW PPT Slide Template Master

    LWW PPT Slide Template Master

    Imogene King's theory of goal setting in 1971. Betty Neuman's systems model in 1974. The University of British Columbia's directions for practice model in 1976. Evelyn Adam's conceptual model for nursing in 1979. Margaret Newman's model of health in 1979.
  • PowerPoint Presentation

    PowerPoint Presentation

    2012 Revenue Bonds were a refinance of the 2001 Bond Issuance. The 2001 Bond Issuance financed the following improvements: Water Tank Project. Construction of a 3.0 million gallon water storage tank, 1800 lineal feet of 12-inch diameter water transmission pipe,...
  • All The Earth Will Sing Your Praises You

    All The Earth Will Sing Your Praises You

    You're coming back againI know You willAnd all the earth will singYour praises. You took, You take our sins awayO GodYou give, You gave Your lifeAway for us ... God doesn't send us to obedience school to learn new habits;...
  • Technician Mobilization Briefing

    Technician Mobilization Briefing

    TECHNICIAN MOBILIZATION BRIEFING ... Technician Vacancy Consideration During Absences HRO STAFFING BRANCH POC FOR TECHNICIAN STAFFING *MSG Linda Reedy, Supervisor 717-861-8602 Elaine Duenas-Brown 717-861-6286 TSgt Matthew Kauffman 717-861-8108 SPC Amanda Pham 717-861-6271 Cathy Hain 717-861-8523 ...