System Analysis of Clinical Incidents The London Protocol

System Analysis of Clinical Incidents The London Protocol

System Analysis of Clinical Incidents The London Protocol Background While it is sometimes straightforward to identify a particular action or omission as the immediate cause of an incident, closer analysis usually reveals a series of events leading up to an adverse outcome. The identification of an obvious departure from good practice is usually only the first step of an investigation.

A structured and systematic approach means that the ground to be covered in any investigation is, to a significant extent, already mapped out. If a consistent approach to investigation is used, members of staff who are interviewed will find the process less threatening than traditional unstructured approaches. The methods used are designed to promote a culture of openness. Fishbone Diagram Task Factors

Task design and clarity of structure Availability and use of protocols Availability and accuracy of test results Decision-making aids Team Factors Verbal communication

Written communication Supervision and seeking help Team structure (congruence, consistency, leadership, etc.) Organizational and Management Factors Financial resources and constraints Organizational structure Policy, standards and goals Safety culture and priorities CDP

Patient Factors Condition (complexity and seriousness) Language and communication Personality and social factors Individual (staff) Factors Knowledge and skills Competence

Physical and mental health Work Environmental Factors Staffing levels and skills mix Workload and shift patterns Design, availability and maintenance of equipment Administrative and managerial support Environment Physical Care Delivery Problems (CDPs)

Care deviated beyond safe limits of practice. The deviation had at least a potential direct or indirect effect for an adverse outcome for the patient, staff or general public Examples: Failure to monitor, observe or act Incorrect (in hindsight) decision Not seeking help when necessary

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