Global Water Partnership: Sustainable Development and Management of

Global Water Partnership: Sustainable Development and Management of

Global Water Partnership: Sustainable Development and Management of Water using Earth Observation in SDGs CSIRO EARTH OBSERVATION & INFORMATICS ARNOLD DEKKER EARTH OBSERVATIO N FOR WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMEN T CURRENT USE AND FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE WATER SECTOR Luis E. Garca Diego Rodrguez Marcus Wijnen Editors [UArizonalogo 2015 The World Bank 2 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker The WB EO of Water Resources Scoping Report Purpose Part of the initiative of the WB Water Partnership Program (WPP) dedicated to inform the use of remote sensing technology in the water resources

decision-making processes when advantageous and/or facing in-situ data constraints. Audience World Bank staff Biophysical science and social scientists related to water management Goals: Review the current use of EO for water related issues Describe the current state of the art of water related EO Suggest the likely near-future (10 y) developments Provide recommendations to the WPP Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker GUIDELINES FOR OPERATIONAL APPLICATION Guerschman Juan P., Donohue, Randall J., Van Niel Tom G., Renzullo Luigi J., Dekker Arnold G., Malthus Tim J., McVicar Tim R., and Van Dijk, Albert I. J. M. Luis E. Garca Diego Rodrguez Marcus Wijnen Editors 4 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker Step

WRM problem to be solved; Institutions; Relevant stakeholders 1INITIAL SCREENING Conditions of data network, data sharing possibility, existing monitoring and models, etc. Adequacy of field observations 1DETERMINE EO POTENTIAL USE EO potential use EO product suitability: Spatial resolution Temporal resolution (revisit frequency) 1DETERMINE EO PRODUCT SUITABILITY Record length In situ data requirements Reliability Accuracy Maturity Complexity 5 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker

WORK IN PROGRESS. FOR WORLD BANK PURPOSES ONLY. PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR DISTRIBUTE Step WRM problem to be solved; Institutions; Relevant stakeholders Conditions of data network, data sharing possibility, existing monitoring and models, etc. 1INITIAL SCREENING Adequacy of field observations EO potential use WORK IN PROGRESS. FOR WORLD BANK PURPOSES ONLY. PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR DISTRIBUTE EO product suitability:

Spatial resolution Temporal resolution (revisit frequency) Record length In situ data requirements 1DETERMINE EO POTENTIAL USE Reliability Accuracy Maturity Complexity 6 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker 1DETERMINE EO POTENTIAL USE EO product suitability: Spatial resolution Temporal resolution (revisit frequency) Record length In situ data requirements Reliability Accuracy Maturity Complexity

1DETERMINE EO PRODUCT SUITABILITY WORK IN PROGRESS. FOR WORLD BANK PURPOSES ONLY. PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR DISTRIBUTE 7 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker Box 1: Guiding Questions to Aid in the Decision Whether to Use EO for WRM 1. Defi ne the n ature of the WRM problem What WRM questions need to be answered? What are the policy and or regulatory drivers of these questions? Who are the stakeholders and benefic iaries of a solution to the WRM problem? 2. Explore the capacity of sustaining and maintaining WRM decision support and monitoring programs Local capability? Training needs? Local and international resources required? 3. Defi

ne the status of e xisting data and observation networks What metering is currently available? What is the condition of the data networks? Are there any impediments to sharing, collating, archiving the data (e.g., transboundary issues)? What, if anything, has been done in the past to address the issues at hand? Any monitoring? Modelling? 4. Evaluate adequacy of fi led observations Well defi ned? Spatial density, frequency, continuity and period of interest? EarthAccuracy, Observation Informatics FSPavailability? | Dr Arnold Dekker 8 | and Do the same for SDGs?? WORK IN PROGRESS. FOR WORLD BANK

PURPOSES ONLY. PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR DISTRIBUTE Suggestion: Should GEO make a guide-decision tree for statistical organisations (once final indicators are established) on the use of earth observation information for UN SDG indicators? SDG indicator to be reported on Institutions & relevant stakeholders Conditions of data network, data sharing, existing monitoring and models, etc. Adequacy of field observations EO potential use EO product suitability: Spatial resolution Temporal resolution (revisit frequency) Record length In situ data requirements Reliability Accuracy Maturity Complexity 9 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker Target

Goal 6 Original Indicator Proposal Initial c l a s s ific a tio n before the meeting New classification at the conclusion of the meeting Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all Percentage of receiving water bodies with ambient water quality not presenting risk to the environment or human health 6.3. 2 Target

Original Indicator Proposal Target 6.6 By 2020, Percentage of change in protect and restore water- wetlands extent over time related ecosystems, 6.6. including mountains, 1 forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes. 10 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker GREEN Initial c l a s s ific a tio n before the meeting Proposed modification/ alternative indicator or

additional indicator New classification at the conclusion of the meeting % of change in fresh water ecosystems YELLOW GREEN GEO Water Quality Community of Practice Community of Practice Programmatic Activities Advocacy White paper to NRC Biennial WQ research agenda paper End User Engagement User work plan GEO Secretariat

Activities Web Page Quarterly calls Interaction w/ other SBAs Interactions with International /Govt. Agencies World Bank,WHO UNEP, UNSD Science and Product Assessment Biennial WQ research agenda paper Catalogue of existing services IOCCG Water Quality Working Group Chapter writing Review Capacity Building Training Webinars

UN SDG nr 6 Water & water Resources Secretariat Office WQ Monitoring and Forecasting Service Development and Operation Near term 0-1 year Short term 1-5 years WQ Monitoring Service Development WQ Monitoring Service Operationalization Development of Validation program

Cooperative Global Research Applications Projects Graduate special projects supported by agency/universities Coordinated global Fast track One global product Long term 5-10 years WQ Monitoring and Forecasting Service Evolution and addition of forecasting service Flagship Development (Increasing Resources required) Exec. Committee Example : Ambient Water Quality A Proposed indicator: P and N concentrations as a measure of eutrophication.

We proposed that this will be hard to measure in over 10s millions water bodies across their length and width globally. Another indicator of eutrophication can be increased turbidity due to phytoplankton growth and in hypertrophic circumstances algal blooms (other indicators exist too around macrophytes etc.) Turbidity, Secchi Disk Transparency, Vertical Attenuation of Light, Total Suspended Matter, Coloured Dissolved Organic Matter and Chlorophyll and Cyanobacterial pigment concentrations can already be measured from space.========== logical solution for assessing ambient water quality! 12 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker Cyanobacteria 13 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker Examples of space-based images of algal blooms Images courtesy of ESA, Brockman consulting, Steve Greb; Mark Matthews

14 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker 17th March 2010 Lake Burley Griffin WorldView-2 @ 2 m resolution Coloured Dissolved Organic Matter Chlorophyll Mapping seasonal inland water quality variations from WorldView-2 Non Algal Particulates Cyanophycocyanin Future Data Access and Analysis Architectures World is moving to better integration of multiple data sources & models Lack of access to vital EO data, especially in less developed countries, hampers global actions and treaties on climate change, loss of biodiversity, food security, water scarcity, disaster response, etc.. Available EO archives at agencies are getting too big New Paradigm & Opportunities: Bring users (& tools) to the data

Greater potential to integrate remote sensing, in-situ and modelled data and services for GEO. Potential to have a sustainable approach to data archiving critical to defensible information on contentious topics. Create new platforms that can make collaboration easier, whether between companies, researchers or agencies 16 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker Australian Geoscience Data Cube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZ40HNq47ro 17 | Earth Observation Informatics FSP | Dr Arnold Dekker Some (already identified) applications for the EO based Australian Geoscience Data Cube:

Vegetation change, agricultural production Flood inundation mapping, farm dam development Groundwater dependent ecosystems Wetland management and characterisation Carbon accounting Seagrass, macro-algae and substrate mapping Coastal change and water quality Shallow water bathymetry Mining footprint and urban development Bushfire scar mapping and forestry inventory Location-specific products for mobile platforms Map my paddock The Landsat Data Cube | Locate 2014 Proposed: globally valid water information structured in a manner that with UNSD , UN GGIM, UN-GEMI, UN WATER etc.,,is made suitable for National Statistics Office s to adopt to report on UN SDG 6 indicators and targets. to edit Master textInformatics styles Third Earth

Observation FSP level Click Second level Dekker Dr Arnold T M E w +61 2 6246 5821 +61 419411338 [email protected] www.csiro.au/CLW GEO UN SDG Side Event 10th Nov 2015, Mexico City

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