CH 10SEC 2 STANDARD(S) ADDRESSED: 12.4 Students analyze

CH 10SEC 2 STANDARD(S) ADDRESSED: 12.4 Students analyze

CH 10SEC 2 STANDARD(S) ADDRESSED: 12.4 Students analyze the unique roles and responsibilities of the three branches of government. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT 1. Explain how House seats are distributed and describe the length of a term in the House. 2. Explain how House seats are reapportioned among the States after each census.

3. Describe a typical congressional election and congressional district 4. Analyze the formal and informal qualifications for election to the House. QUIZ! First & Last Name Fill in your ID NUMBER!

CH-10-2 Key Terms apportion: to distribute seats in the House of Representatives among the States on the basis of their populations Census: counting of all the people in the US reapportion: to redistribute the seats in the House every ten years, after each census off-year election: a Congressional election that takes place in-between presidential

elections Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 4 Key Terms single-member district: an election district from which voters elect a single state representative to the House of Representatives at-large: an election system in which all

candidates are elected from the state as a whole, rather than from a single district gerrymander: drawing the boundaries of an election district so that it gives an advantage to the political party that controls the state legislature Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 5

Key Terms, cont. incumbent: the person who currently holds a political office Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 6 The HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES began with 59 members in 1789.

November 21, 1789: North Carolina became the 12th state to ratify the United States Constitution and thereby joined the Union May 29, 1790: Rhode Island became the 13th state to ratify the United States Constitution and thereby joined the Union Chapter 10, Section 2

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 7 Representative Maxine Waters Democrat Member of the U.S. House of Repr esentatives from California's

43rd district Born: August 15, 1938 (age 76), St. Louis, MO Chapter 10, Section 2 January 3, 1993 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 8 California's

43rd district Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 9 Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 10 Introduction How are the seats in the House distributed and what qualifications must members meet? The size of the current House is 435 seats. Seats are distributed based on the population of each state, with each state guaranteed at least one representative. The term is TWO YEARS Date of elections; Tuesday after the first Monday

in November of each even-numbered year. Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 11 Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 12 Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 13 Size of the House For many years the number of seats in the House increased as the country grew in population and new states were added.

The Reapportionment Act of 1929 fixed the size of the House at 435 members. Congress can change this number if it wishes. Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 14 Chapter 10, Section 2

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 15 Census Every 10 years the Census Bureau counts the national population. The Census figures are then used to decide how many representatives each state will have until the next Census is taken. Currently, each seat in the House represents about 700,000 people.

Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 16 Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 17

Reapportionment 2013-2023 Congressional Elections, cont. Elections held in nonpresidential years are called off-year elections. Usually the party that holds the presidency loses seats in an off-year election. Presidential elections

Year 2012 off-year elections 2014 Chapter 10, Section 2 Presidential

elections Year off-year elections 2016 2018 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Presidential elections Year

2020 off-year elections 2022 Slide 21 Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 22 Guided Reading Guided Reading Characteristics of House Description Size

435 seats Term two years Date of election Tuesday following first Monday in November of each evennumbered year Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 23 Congressional Districts Representatives are elected from singlemember congressional districts. The voters in each district can elect only one representative to the House. The Westberry v. Sanders Supreme Court ruling in 1964 requires each district in a state to have similarsized populations. High population states have more districts than small population states.

Seven states have only one representative, so their district consists of the entire state. Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 24 AT LARGE DISTRICT Gerrymandering

Checkpoint: What is gerrymandering and what are its purpose and result? Gerrymandering involves drawing the borders of districts to favor one political party. Tactics include clustering the opposing partys voters in a few districts or spreading them out thinly over many districts. Due to gerrymandering, only a few congressional districts in any election are actually at risk to switch their support from one party to the other. Chapter 10, Section 2

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 27 Old district 35 New district 43 California's 43rd district Formal Qualifications Representatives must:

Be at least 25 years old Have been a U.S. citizen for at least 7 years Be an inhabitant of the state from which he or she is elected. Custom requires representatives to live in the districts they represent. The House has the power to refuse to seat an elected member, to punish members, and to expel them. Chapter 10, Section 2

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 33 Guided Reading Guided Reading Characteristics of Members Qualifications

Age at least 25 years Length of Citizenship at least seven years Residence inhabitant of State from which

chosen Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 34 Informal Qualifications informal qualifications affect a candidates electability They include factors such as

gender, ethnicity, political experience, name recognition, and party affiliation. Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 35

Informal Qualifications Being an incumbent is a big advantage more than 90 percent of those seeking reelection to the House win. Being able to raise money is also a key. In 2008 the average cost of running a winning campaign for a seat in the House was over $1 million. Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc.

Slide 36 Paths to Congress Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) had no political experience before his election - Actor Governor of California from 2003 to 2011. Jesse Venture (I)

Professional Wrestler City mayor Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003. Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 37 Paths to Congress, cont. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R., FL) was the first

Cuban American and Hispanic woman elected to the House in 1989. She holds a doctorate in education and founded a private elementary school. She was elected to the Florida State legislature in 1982. Chapter 10, Section 2

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 38 Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 39

Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm (November 30, 1924 January 1, 2005) was an American politician, educator, and author. In 1968, she became the first African American woman

elected to the United States Congress, and represented New York's 12th Congressional District for seven terms from 1969 to 1983. Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 40

Informal Qualifications What informal qualifications affect a candidates electability? They include factors such as

gender, ethnicity, political experience, name recognition, and party affiliation. Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 41

Guided Reading Guided Reading Key Terms Gerrymandering is drawing congressional districts to the advantage of the party in power. Reapportionment is redistributing the seats in the House of Representatives in keeping with the latest census. An off-year election is an election for Congress in a year without a Presidential election. Chapter 10, Section 2

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 42 Review Now that you have learned how the seats in the House are distributed and what qualifications members must meet, go back and answer the Chapter Essential Question. Whose views should members of Congress

represent when voting? Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 43 QUIZ! First & Last Name Fill in

your ID NUMBER! CH-10-2 Chapter 10, Section 2 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 44

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Objectives - University of Texas at Austin

    Objectives - University of Texas at Austin

    Times New Roman Arial blank Microsoft Equation 3.0 Equation HW4 Objectives Example Local Dynamic losses Conversion Between Methods Duct design concepts Equal friction method (the example) Static pressure regain method Fans Relevant Fan Parameters Balance Point Fan Performance Centrifugal fans...
  • Crs Summer Course on Refugees

    Crs Summer Course on Refugees

    * * * RAP clients in Ontario settled through reception houses (Windsor, London, Kitchener, Hamilton, Toronto, Ottawa) * * * * * * Queens U source - refugees have second-highest income levels. * * - Total refugees (including inland claimants)...
  • Taks Objective 2 Teks Objective 8c

    Taks Objective 2 Teks Objective 8c

    * * C * * B * * C * * B * * B * * C * * * * D * TAKS OBJECTIVE 2 TEKS OBJECTIVE 8C The student knows the applications of taxonomy and can identify...
  • s y c u L . St  g!

    s y c u L . St g!

    Cite textual evidence to support your response. Stage 3 of "St. Lucy's" Turn-and-Talk . How does this scene reveal the differences between Mirabella, Jeanette, and Claudette, and what textual evidence supports your ideas? Independent Questions .
  • Community and Health workers responses to Culturally Safe TB ...

    Community and Health workers responses to Culturally Safe TB ...

    (Male participant, Mountain hamlet). [" All of us just the same.. no one is higher than the other, however, ladies who are to take care of the TB patient must be free from menstrual period".] ... ["They (health administrators) should...
  • Gas Piping Technology Committee

    Gas Piping Technology Committee

    Gas Piping Technology Committee. Future. still holds new challenges for the Committee. With its dedicated members, the Gas Piping Technology Committee will continue to prove to be equal to those challenges and continue to prosper
  • Internal EMS Auditing at Naval Installations Navy EMS

    Internal EMS Auditing at Naval Installations Navy EMS

    Cost savings - give examples Improved relations with regulators - give examples Documentation of processes - reduced impact of personnel turnover Acknowledge personnel for achievements Report EMS successes within and outside of the organization 30 April 2003 Internal EMS Auditing...
  • Generic Peer-to-Peer Networks: Theory, Implementation and ...

    Generic Peer-to-Peer Networks: Theory, Implementation and ...

    System recovery from different types of failures 1 Towards Elastic Transactional Cloud Storage with Range Query Support H.T. Vo, B.C. Ooi, C. Chen. PVLDB 3(1): 506-517 (2010) Evaluation Settings 64-node in-house cluster and EC2 Storage service: HDFS TPC-W (most experiments)...