Preparation for learning: WITHOUT YOUR NOTES - Summarise
Preparation for learning: WITHOUT YOUR NOTES - Summarise the 6 factors involved in Halls fully social theory of deviance (with examples) The first team to complete this wins!! Crime and Deviance Paper 3 Crime and Deviance: Different theories of crime, deviance, social order and social control: Marxist Subcultural theory Learning Objective: To be able to describe and evaluate Marxist Subcultural theories of crime Present new information:
On your tableeach explain why you thinkyour Marxism can the to rise in Move around table and share ideas
explain add them your devianttable subcultures. Use the following examples of some British youth subcultures to help you with this. Share your ideas with the class Mods Teddy boys Rockers Chavs
Hippies Skinheads Marxist Subcultural Theory Some Marxists have focused on working-class deviant subcultures, such as teddy boys (1950s), mods and rockers (1960s), skinheads (1970s), punks (late 1970s) and ravers (1980s/1990s). They suggest that these can be seen as a form of ideological resistance to the dominant adult value system shaped by middle-class and capitalist values. Phil Cohen (1972) Dick Hebdige (1979)
Studied 1970s skinheads and suggested that their style, which exaggerated working-class masculinity and aggression, was a symbolic reaction to the decline of the workingclass community. Their clothes were similar to factory clothing that was worn earlier in the century and their football violence is said to reflect their attempts to reclaim territory. Brake (1980) argues that the resistance at best is magical i.e. its an illusion that appears to solve their problems when in reality it doesnt; they will still end up being exploited by the ruling class.
Can you think of a study from your AS course (education) that illustrates this? Studied punks in the late 1970s suggesting that they deliberately set out to shock the establishment and resist the dominant culture by using ordinary (reused) items such as safety pins and bin liners in their clothing and offensive images (swastika) or sexual bondage gear, to symbolically resist the dominant cultural values of the UK society of the time.
Hebdige points out that youth subcultures are only short-lived because of incorporation. This is the process where capitalism commercialises aspects of youth subcultural style which then strips them of their ideological significance: capitalism quickly commercializes aspects of youth cultural style, that is, puts them on sale, and strips them of their ideological significance so they become just another consumer item. Apply: Watch the following videos on the rise of British youth subcultures and answer the following questions on your sheet: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSPloCOMExg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-lykh6-Dc8 Evaluation (AO3): When you evaluate you must be A,C,E! A Assumption of the theory C Criticism of this assumption E Example/
research to back up the criticism Evaluation: I am going to give you some evaluation points in pairs you need to expand on these further write these up into your booklet on page 18. AO3 XMarxists overemphasise the importance of class differences and neglect gender and ethnicity as influences on youth subculture XBlackman (1995) points out that there are many variables that influences the formation of subcultures. Can you think of
any? XThornton (1995) argues that there is no real social class basis to subcultures and that these are simply a creation of the media. XThis theory lacks empirical evidence. A C E
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