Transparent Earth/Seismic Imaging Team Steven Glaser, UC Berkeley,

Transparent Earth/Seismic Imaging Team Steven Glaser, UC Berkeley,

Transparent Earth/Seismic Imaging Team Steven Glaser, UC Berkeley, TowardsD. theGlaser, full Homestake Transparent Steven working group herdsman Bill Roggenthen, SDSMT, Earth Observatory installation and operation of a full complement of seismic, tilt, and EM instrument stations Lane Johnson, LBNL EM Passive Imaging as a Hazards Assessment Methodology Dante Fratta University of Wisconsin-Madison Examining seismic sources from micro to macro through multi-sensor inversion Steven Glaser, UC Berkeley, Lane Johnson, LBNL, Bill Roggenthen, SDSMT Active source experiment to study anisotropy Gary Pavlis, Indiana University Installation of the Rapid City long-period station at the Homestake Lind S. Gee, scientist-incharge USGS Albuquerque Stress Monitoring with high precision seismic travel time measurements Fenglin Niu, Rice U; Paul Silver Carnegie Institute, Tom Daley, LBNL

Rock motion observation and mapping for the LIGO Experiment Riccardo DeSalvo, CalTech; Vik Mandic, UMN 3D, Time-Lapse Seismic Tomography for Imaging Overburden Changes due to Dewatering Erik Westman, Virginia Tech Advanced Imaging of Gravity Variations and Rock Structures Don Pool, USGS, Phoenix; Joe Wang, LBNL Understanding the complexity of the crustal Earth system Christian Klose, Columbia University Prototype Broadband Array for DUSEL Gary Pavlis, Indiana University 3D resistivity & self-potential monitoring of the mine dewatering phase Burke Minsley; US Geological Survey, Denver Advanced Sensing to Track Trapped Persons and to Maintain Underground Communications Tom Regan, Sanford Lab at Homestake; Steven D. Glaser, UCB; Joe Wang, LBNL 3-D passive electromagnetics for structural imaging, anisotropy, and methodological studies

Paul Bedrosian, US Geological Survey, Denver Towards a Transparent Earth S.D. Glaser, UC, Berkeley W. Roggenthen, SDSMT L.R. Johnson, E.L. Majer, LBNL Install an acoustic microscope surrounding the Homestake workings 1st NSF funded DUSEL research signal Deep is Quiet, and Quiet is Good noise 1) Develop deep in-situ seismic observatory for rapid imaging of dynamical geo-processes at depth. 2) Provide rock mass dynamics and safety information to miners and tunnelers 3) Provide an infrastructure for all earth scientists 4) Improve ability to detect and characterize underground structures and activity Seismic Imaging of Subsurface Stress Fenglin Niu Rice University P. G. Silver, Carnegie Institution of Washington T. Daley, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab The time-varying stress field at depth is perhaps the most crucial parameter for understanding the earthquake triggering process. The Speed of Seismic Waves is a Measures of Stress in Rocks. This holds at

seismogenic depth and can be used as a stress meter. Why at Homestake? Stress changes at seismogenic depth could be more difficult to observe with conventional surface instruments. Temperature variation at surface is a large noise source in the electronics. Deep observation could avoid surface environmental effects, such as precipitation. Need a deep natural experiment site that bridges laboratory study and large scale seismic experiment. TOMOGRAPHIC IMAGING OF STRESSREDISTRIBUTION FOR PREDICTION OF CATASTROPHIC ROCK MASS FAILURE Catastrophic failure extends to all aspects of rock mechanics including tunnels, mines, rock slopes, earthquakes, waste repositories, and bridge and dam abutments Accomplishing the ultimate goal of predicting these catastrophic failures will result in significantly reduced fatalities, lowered construction costs, and increased environmental protection. Rock failures are associated with the redistribution and concentration of stresses from mine excavations To predict rock failure, monitor the redistribution of stresses within the rock. Use tomograms of seismic stress field to image redistribution of stress Shown clearly in the laboratory but limited testing at the field scale. Erik C. Westman , Virginia Tech Stress concentration prior to pillar failure caused by slip along a discontinuity or by overburden stress (in a solid rock mass) Multiple pillars (of differing dimension) constructed at multiple depths; may include discontinuities Seismic tomography used to image stressinduced density contrasts within rock

mass, allowing stress level to be determined and failure projected This experiment will enhance miners life safety This experiment will put the method of imaging stress-induced changes within rock masses on a sound theoretical and practical basis. It requires a DUSEL, as deep, long-term, dedicated access is not available at current underground tests sites. Fracto-EM Emissions in Rocks Dante Fratta, University of WisconsinMadison Microseismicity sensor network DUSEL provides unique research opportunity for the development of a new engineering monitoring system based on the complementary interpretation of microseismic and EM emissions in a quiet electrical environment Homestake mine Antennae network Fracto-emission generating fault Charge acceleration =0 Conduction Modulation Piezoelectricity Mech. wave E B VA + + + + + P

P=0 EM-wave - - - - - VB Charge separation Fracture current F EM emissions EM emission i(t) F Fracture-Atm. Interaction F E(t) t F Diffusion of electrically neutral gas Geoinformation processing of multidimensional spatial monitoring data Christian D. Klose, Columbia University Monitoring the Earth's system from a global perspective. Geophysical Data Classify multi-dimensional and complex data Geological Data Interpret & Predict in areas of interest - zones of weakness - seismic events - zones of fluid migrations Applied data interpretation methods are based on Artificial Intelligence

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