Deutsch fr Anfnger Wortschatz und Grammatik Name: _______________________

Deutsch fr Anfnger Wortschatz und Grammatik Name: _______________________

Deutsch fr Anfnger Wortschatz und Grammatik Name: _______________________ Lehrerin: _____________________ Year 8 Content Page number Pronunciation guide 1 Alphabet 2 Greetings 3 Exclamations 4 Numbers 5 Months and dates 6 Classroom instructions 7 Question words and questions 8-9 Responses 10 Countries, Schoolbag 11 Colours, days 12 Describing pictures 13

My (favourite) things 14 School subjects 15 Opinions 16 Time 17 Food & drink 18 Clothes 19 Pets 20 Qualities 21 Family 23 Physical description 22 Letters 24 Sports 25 Free time activities & frequency 26 In the summer holidays 27 In town

28 Souvenirs, sales conversation 29 Buying snacks and drinks 30 Year 8 Grammar Page number Plurals, Words for a & the, 31 Subject pronouns 32 Word order 32 Weak present tense verbs, sein & haben 33 Strong present tense verbs 34 Future tense 35 STEPS 36-37 Key questions 38 Marking code for writing 39 Targets 40 Vocabulary learning strategies 41

Own vocabulary pages Online support resources 42-44 45 Pronunciation Guide Below is a list of the main letters which sound different in German from in English, with a guide on how to pronounce each one. For each German sound you are shown an English word, or part of a word, which sounds like it. Read it out aloud in a normal way to find out how to pronounce the German sound, then practise saying the German examples. a au u, eu ei ie ch d g j sch sp, st s v w z When it is short it is like the a in cat: danke, Tasse, Stadt, Ball When it is long it is like the ar sound in cart: Vater, fahren, Bahnhof Like the a in care: Br, spt, Lrm, Kse Like the ow sound in cow: Haus, Frau, auf, bauen Like the oy sound in toy: Deutschland, Frulein, Freund, heute Like the u sound in fur: Lwe, ffnen, hren, mchte, zwlf Round your lips as if to say oo, the try to say ee: Brder, ber, fr, kssen, Tr Like the i in fine: Ei, nein, Geige, meisten, Reihe Like the ee sound in feel: Biene, Tier, sieben, fliegen, Spiel A soft sound like the ch in the Scottish word loch: Buch, ich, machen, acht Like the English d except at the end of a word, where it is t: dort, Ding, und, Mond, Geld Like the g in garden except after i, where it is like the German ch above: Geld, Garten, Weg, schmutzig

Like the y in yellow: Jo-Jo, ja, Junge, Jacke Like the sh sound in shirt: schn, Schokolade, schnell These sound like shp and sht when they are at the beginning of a word: Spiegel, sprechen, Stuhl, Stadt Like z when it comes before a vowel: sehen, sitzen, Sand, langsam Before other letters, or at the end of a word, it is like the s in soap: das, Glas, etwas, Nest This is like ss: Pa, Strae Like the f in friend: Vogel, von, viel, Vater Like the v in van: Wildwassersport, warm, wer, Wort Like the ts in hits: Zug, zu, Herz, zusammen, Zunge Pronouncing the German Alphabet A ah B bay C tsay D day E (d)ay F eff G gay H ha! I eee J yot K ka! L ell M emm N enn O oh! P pay Q koo R ayrrh S ess T tay U (k)oo V faoh W vay X eeks Y oopsilon Z tsett 2 Kapitel 1: Hallo! Guten Tag! Guten Morgen! Guten Abend! Gute Nacht! Tschss! Auf Wiedersehen ja nein

und aber oder Was? Wie bitte? Wie heit du? Ich heie Wie alt bist du? Ich bin 12 Jahre alt. der Geburtstag Frau Herr bitte danke Und du? Ich auch. Wie gehts dir? Mir gehts gut. Hello! Good morning! Good evening! Good night! Bye! Goodbye! yes no and but or What? Pardon? whats your name? Im called How old are you? Im 12 years old. birthday Mrs Mr please thank you What about you? Me too. How are you? Im fine. Mir gehts schlecht. Im not so good. 3 Ich bin mde. Ich bin krank. Das ist auf Deutsch auf Englisch Hilfe!

Das stimmt (nicht). richtig falsch Hast du ? Ich habe Im tired. Im ill. That is in German in English Help! Thats (not) right. correct false/incorrect Do you have ? I have Exclamations! Doch! Unbedingt! Auf jeden Fall! Auf keinen Fall! Vielleicht! Unmglich! Wahrscheinlich! Echt?! Wirklich?! Fast! Genau! Natrlich! Nicht mehr. Noch einmal! Noch nicht! Moment mal! Moment mal! Naja... Ich war es nicht! Es kommt darauf an. But yes! Absolutely! Definitely! Absolutely not! Maybe! Impossible! Probably! Really?! Really?! Almost! Exactly! Of course! No longer. Again! Not yet! Hang on a minute. Just a moment. Well

It wasnt me! It depends. 4 Zahlen Numbers null eins zwei drei vier fnf sechs sieben acht neun zehn elf zwlf dreizehn vierzehn fnfzehn sechzehn siebzehn achtzehn neunzehn zwanzig einundzwanzig dreiig einunddreiig vierzig fnfzig sechzig siebzig achtzig neunzig hundert tausend zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen

sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one thirty thirty-one forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred one thousand 5 Monate months der Monat im ... Januar Februar Mrz April Mai Juni Juli August September Oktober November Dezember month in ... January February March April May June July August September October November December Wann hast du Geburtstag? Whens your birthday? Ich habe am (ersten Juli) Geburtstag. My birthdays on 1st July.

Ich habe heute Geburtstag. am ersten zweiten dritten vierten fnften sechsten siebten achten neunten zehnten zwanzigsten zweiundzwanzigsten dreiigsten einunddreiigsten It's my birthday today. on the 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 20th 21st 30th 31st 6 In der Klasse! Setzt euch! Steht auf! Hrt zu! Lest den Text! Lest vor! Wiederholt! Meldet euch! / Finger hoch! Macht das Heft auf! Schreibt den Titel / das Datum! Schreibt es auf! Arbeitet zu zweit / mit einem Partner , einer Partnerin! In the classroom Sit down! Stand up! Listen! Read the text! Read aloud! Repeat! Hands up!

Open your books! Write the title / the date! Write it down! Partner A fragt, Partner B antwortet. Work in pairs / with a partner! Pair work! Partner A asks, partner B answers. Freiwillige, bitte! Alles klar? Alles einpacken! Ruhe, bitte! Volunteers, please! Is everything clear? Pack your things away! Quiet, please! Partnerarbeit! 7 Fragewrter Question words Wie? Wie viel? Wie viele? Wo? Woher? Wohin? Wann? Was? Was fr? Warum? Wer? Mit wem? Welcher? (Welche / Welches?) How? How much? How many? Where? Where from? Where to? When? What? What type of ? Why? Who? With whom? Which? (masc.)

Which? (fem. neut.) 8 Fragen Questions Was bedeutet ? What does mean? Wie heit ... auf Englisch? Whats ... in English? Wie schreibt man das? How do you write that? Wie buchstabiert man das? How do you spell that? Haben wir Hausaufgaben? Have we got homework? Welche bung? Which exercise? Welche Seite? Which page? Kannst du langsamer sprechen Can you speak more slowly bitte? please? Wie bitte? Pardon? Kannst du das wiederholen bitte? Can you repeat that please? Kannst du ein Beispiel geben bitte? Can you give an example please? Kannst du mir helfen bitte? Can you help me please? Darf ich bitte auf die Toilette gehen? May I go to the toilet please? Was ist der Unterschied Whats the difference between ... zwischen ... und ...? and ...? Darf ich eine Frage stellen? May I ask a question? Darf ich hier sitzen? May I sit here? Darf ich zu meiner Musikstunde May I go to my music lesson? gehen? Darf ich mit arbeiten? May I work with ? Darf ich in mein Vokabelheft May I look in my vocab booklet? schauen? Darf ich ein Wrterbuch May I use a dictionary? verwenden? Darf ich ein neues Heft haben? May I have a new book? Mssen wir alles abschreiben? Do we have to write everything? Do we have to learn that off-byMssen wir das auswendig lernen? heart?

Mssen wir die Hefte abgeben? Do we have to give books in? Was machen wir? What are we doing? Ich bin fertig. Was mache ich jetzt? I'm finished. What shall I do now? Antworten Responses / Answers Es tut mir Leid. Tut mir Leid, dass ich spt komme. Schon gut. Ja. Nein. Ich verstehe. Ich verstehe nicht. Ich wei. Ich wei nicht. Ich hab keine Ahnung. Ich habe mein Heft vergessen. Im sorry. Sorry Im late. Ok. Yes. No. I understand. I don't understand. I know. I don't know. I havent a clue. Ive forgotten my book. Ich habe meine Hausaufgaben vergessen. Ich hab gewonnen. Ich hab' verloren. Ich hab' vergessen. Ich hab es nicht gehrt. Ich hab' es nicht gemacht. Ich hab' das schon gemacht. Rate mal! Frag jemand anders! I've forgotten my homework. I won. I lost. I forgot. I didnt hear it. I didn't do it. Ive already done that. Have a guess! Ask someone else! 10 Lnder

Countries das Land England Irland Schottland Wales Deutschland Frankreich Spanien Italien Holland Belgien sterreich die Schweiz country England Ireland Scotland Wales Germany France Spain Italy Holland Belgium Austria Switzerland die Schultasche Schoolbag der Radiergummi der Bleistift der Klebstift der Kuli der Taschenrechner das Buch das Wrterbuch das Heft das Lineal das Etui die Schere Was hast du in deiner Tasche? Hast du einen Kuli? Ich habe einen Kuli. Ich habe keinen Kuli. in meiner Tasche rubber pencil glue stick biro calculator textbook

dictionary exercise book ruler pencil case pair of scissors What do you have in your bag? Do you have a pen? I have a pen. I dont have a pen. in my bag 11 Farben Colours blau gelb rot grn schwarz grau braun wei rosa pink lila violett dunkel dunkelblau hell hellblau bunt Welche Farbe? Er/Es/Sie ist rot. blue yellow red green black grey brown white pale pink bright pink purple violet dark dark blue light light blue brightly coloured Which colour? Its red. Tage

Days der Tag An welchem Tag? Am am Wochenende das Wochenende Montag Dienstag Mittwoch Donnerstag Freitag Samstag Sonntag nchsten Freitag letzten Freitag day On which day? On at the weekend the weekend Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday next Friday last Friday 12 Bilder beschreiben Describing pictures Row 2 Das Bild hat (the picture has) einen Baum (masculine) eine Figur (feminine) Es gibt (there is/there are ) ein Haus (neuter) Ich sehe (I see ) Row 1 Ich denke, .. der Baum ist ein bisschen die Figur ist.. (a bit) das Haus ist ziemlich (quite) sehr (very) besonders (really) gro / klein (big / small) lang / kurz (long / short) gerade (straight) schn / hbsch

(beautiful / pretty) interessant / ungewhnlich (interesting / unusual) traurig (sad) und (and) rot / blau / (red / blue / ) masculine Baum (tree) / Kreis (circle) / Mond (moon) / Himmel (sky) / Bogen (arch) / Stern (star) / Gegenstand (object) / Herz (heart) / Wald (forest) feminine Blume (flower) / Sonne (sun) / Nase (nose) / Wolke (cloud) / Hand (hand) / Katze (cat) / Spirale (spiral) / Pflanze (plant) / Kurve (curve) neuter Gesicht (face) / Dreieck (triangle) / Viereck (square) / Haus (house) / Rechteck (rectangle) / Auge (eye) / Gewitter (storm) Physical description Action Location Mood 13 Meine (Lieblings)sachen My (favourite) things der Computer der Fuball der iPod der Sport der Klingelton die Gitarre die Wii die Schlange die Musik die Zahl die Fuballmannschaft die Sendung das Handy das Keyboard das Skateboard das Spiel das Wort das Auto das Land computer football iPod sport ring tone guitar Wii

snake music number football team programme mobile phone keyboard skateboard game word car country Was ist dein Lieblings(sport)? What is your favourite (sport)? Mein Lieblingssport ist Rugby? Mein Lieblingssport ist Rugby. Was ist deine Lieblings(musik)? What is your favourite (music)? Meine Lieblingsmusik ist Pop. My favourite music is pop. Was ist dein Lieblings(wort)? Mein Lieblingswort ist wunderbar! What is your favourite word? My favourite word is wunderbar (wonderful)! 14 Kapitel 2: die Schule (School) Schulfcher School subjects das Fach Mein Lieblingsfach ist Meine Lieblingsfcher sind die Schule der Lehrer/die Lehrerin der Sportlehrer die Kunstlehrerin Deutsch Englisch Franzsisch Mathe Naturwissenschaften Geschichte Erdkunde Informatik Kunst Technik Kochen Religion Sport Theater die Pause der Stundenplan die Stunde subject

My favourite subject is My favourite subjects are school teacher (male/female) PE teacher (male) art teacher (female) German English French Maths Science History Geography IT Art Technology Food Tech RE PE Drama break time timetable period/lesson Was hast du am Montag in der What do you have first period ersten Stunde? on Monday? Ich habe Mathe. I have Maths. 15 Meinungen Opinions die Meinung Wie findest du ...? Ich liebe Ich hasse Ich mag (sehr) Ich magnicht Ich finde es ... opinion What do you think of ...? I love I hate I (really) like I dont like I think its ... gut interessant in Ordnung super toll aufregend

einfach langweilig anstrengend nicht so gut schwierig schrecklich ntzlich nutzlos faszinierend nervig irre good interesting ok great great exciting easy boring tiring not so good difficult awful useful useless fascinating irritating amazing 16 Hufigkeit nie selten ab und zu manchmal oft immer fast ein bisschen ziemlich sehr total unglaublich auch Frequency never seldom (rarely) now and again sometimes often always almost a bit quite very

totally / really unbelievably also Die Uhrzeit The time die Uhr die Stunde Wie spt ist es? Wie viel Uhr ist es? Es ist ein Uhr. Es ist zwei Uhr. Es ist drei Uhr fnf. vier Uhr dreiig Wann beginnt ...? Wann endet ...? Um wie viel Uhr? um elf Uhr um ... in der ersten Stunde vor der Pause nach der Mittagspause watch/clock hour What time is it? What time is it? Its one oclock. Its two oclock. Its five past three. half four When does ... begin? When does ... end? At what time? at 11 oclock at ... in the first lesson before break after lunch 17 Essen und Trinken Food and drink essen trinken Was isst du? Ich esse Was trinkst du? Ich trinke der Orangensaft der Kuchen das Butterbrot das Wasser

das Stck Kuchen die Schokolade die Orange die Cola die Banane die Flasche Wasser Chips Kekse Bonbons nichts in der Pause Ich trinke einen Orangensaft. to eat to drink What do you eat? I eat What do you drink? I drink orange juice cake sandwich water piece of cake chocolate orange coke banana bottle of water crisps biscuits sweets nothing at break I drink an orange-juice. 18 Was trgst du? What do you wear? tragen to wear Ich trage I wear Er/Sie trgt He/She wears der Pullover/Pulli sweater

der Rock skirt der Schal scarf der Schlips tie das Hemd shirt das Polohemd poloshirt das T-Shirt t-shirt das Kleid dress das Sweatshirt sweatshirt die Jacke jacket die Hose trousers die Jeans(hose) jeans die Bluse blouse die Krawatte tie Ich trage einen Pulli. Im wearing a sweater. die Schuhe

shoes die Sportschuhe trainers die Handschuhe gloves die Socken socks die Stiefel boots Am Wochenende trage ich At the weekend I wear Zur Schule trage ich I wear to school. 19 Kapitel 3: Familie (Family) Hast du Haustiere? Do you have pets? das Haustier pet der Goldfisch(-e) goldfish der Hund(-e) dog(s) der Vogel() bird(s) der Hamster(-) hamster(s) der Wellensittich(-e) budgie(s)

das Kaninchen(-) rabbit(s) das Meerschweinchen guinea pig(s) das Pferd(-e) horse(s) die Katze(-n) cat(s) die Maus(e) mouse(mice) die Schlange(-n) snake(s) die Spinne(-n) spider(s) Magst du...? Do you like...? Ich mag ... I like Wie findest du ...? How do you find? Ich finde ... ... I find 20 Wie ist er/sie/es? What is he/she/it like? Er/Sie/Es ist He/She/It is frech cheeky

niedlich cute gemein mean s sweet krftig strong schlau cunning superlustig really funny faul lazy intelligent intelligent kreativ creative laut loud lustig funny musikalisch musical nett nice schchtern shy sportlich

sporty nervig annoying lieb lovely freundlich friendly Er/Sie/Es kann He/She/It can fliegen fly schwimmen swim laufen run 21 Hast du Geschwister? Do you have brothers & sisters? Hast du ...? Ich habe ... Er hat Sie hat ... der Bruder Brder der Halbbruder der Stiefbruder der Zwillingsbruder der Cousin (-s) der Vater () mein Papa der Stiefvater der Grovater der Opa(-s) der Onkel (-) das Kind Ich bin Einzelkind. die Kinder die Schwester Schwestern

die Cousine (-n) die Mutter die Gromutter die Oma (-s) die Tante (-n) meine Mama Have you ? I have He has She has brother brothers half-brother step-brother twin brother male cousin father my dad step-father grandfather grandad uncle child I am an only child. children sister sisters female cousin mother grandmother grandma aunt my mum 22 Wie siehst du aus? What do you look like? Hast du ? Hat er ? Hat sie ? Ich habe Er hat Sie hat Wir haben Sie haben blonde Haare braune Haare schwarze Haare kurze Haare schulterlange Haare lange Haare lockige Haare wellige Haare glatte Haare

blaue Augen graue Augen braune Augen grne Augen Do you have ? Does he have ? Does she have ? I have He has She has We have They have blonde hair brown hair black hair short hair shoulder-length hair long hair curly hair wavy hair straight hair blue eyes grey eyes brown eyes green eyes Ich bin I am 23 Cambridge, den 5. Oktober Cambridge, 5th October Lieber John Dear John Liebe Lisa Dear Lisa Liebe John und Lisa Dear John and Lisa vielen Dank many thanks fr deinen Brief for your letter Schreib bald wieder

Write soon Mit freundlichen Gren (MfG) Regards Alles Liebe Lots of love Liebe Gre Lots of love Mach's gut! Take care! Dein John Yours, John Deine Lisa Yours, Lisa 24 Kapitel 4: Freizeit (Free time) der Sport Sport die Sportart Leichtathletik Radfahren Angeln Basketball Fuball Hockey Rugby Tennis Schwimmen Tanzen Rollschuhlaufen Reiten Schlittschuhlaufen Skifahren Tischtennis Wasserball Eishockey Handball Badminton type of sport athletics cycling

fishing basketball football hockey rugby tennis swimming dancing rollerskating riding ice skating skiing table tennis water polo ice hockey handball badminton Was ist dein Lieblingssport? What's your favourite sport? Mein Lieblingssport ist My favourite sport is Meine Lieblingssportarten sind My favourite types of sport are Magst du ? Ich mag (nicht) gefhrlich furchterregend Do you like ? I (don't) like dangerous frightening 25 Was machst du in deiner What do you do in your Freizeit? free time? Klavier spielen Ich spiele Klavier. am Computer spielen Ich spiele am Computer. Ich fahre Rad. Ich fahre Ski. Ich fahre Skateboard. Ich hre Musik. Ich sehe fern. Ich lese Bcher. Ich lese Zeitschriften. Ich faulenze. Ich besuche Freunde. Ich gehe schwimmen. Ich gehe ins Kino. Ich reite.

Ich tanze. Ich spiele Xbox/Wii. Ich surfe im Internet. Ich gehe einkaufen. Ich mache Judo/Karate. Ich gehe in die Stadt. einmal pro Woche/Monat zweimal dreimal viermal jeden Tag to play piano I play piano. to play on the computer I play on the computer. I go cycling. I go skiing. I go skateboarding. I listen to music. I watch TV. I read books. I read magazines. I laze around. I visit friends. I go swimming. I go to the cinema. I go riding. I dance. I play Xbox/on the Wii. I surf the internet. I go shopping. I do judo/karate. I go into town. once a week/month twice times three times four times every day 26 In den Sommerferien In the summer holidays Was wirst du machen? What will you do? Ich werde I will Wir werden We will klettern climb im Meer schwimmen swim in the sea rodeln toboggan

im See baden bathe in the lake segeln sail an den Strand gehen go to the beach tauchen dive wandern hike windsurfen windsurf Was kann man dort machen? What can you do there? Man kann ... besuchen. One/people/you can visit Die Stadt ist bekannt fr ... The town is well known for Ich werde (eine Woche) bleiben. I will stay (for a week). alles everything dort there teuer expensive 27 Kapitel 5: Gute Reise! (Have a good trip!) In der Stadt In town Es gibt ... Es gibt ein/eine/einen Es gibt kein/keine/keinen in der Nhe von in der Nhe der Bahnhof der Imbiss / die Imbissstube die Kegelbahn das Kino die Kirche der Marktplatz der Park das Schloss das Schwimmbad die Eisbahn der Fischmarkt das Kindertheater der Radweg das Sportzentrum der Stadtpark der Wasserpark There is / There are There is / are a There isn't/aren't

near to nearby railway station snack stand bowling alley cinema church market square park castle swimming pool ice rink fish market children's theatre cycle path sports centre city/town park water park 28 Souvenirs Souvenirs der Aufkleber sticker das Freundschaftsband friendship bracelet die Kappe (baseball) cap der Kuli biro das Kuscheltier cuddly toy die Postkarte postcard der Schlsselanhnger key ring die Tasse mug/cup das Trikot

football shirt Wie viel kostet ...? How much does ... cost? Wie viel kostet das? How much does it cost? Es kostet 16. It costs 16 Euros. Verkaufsgesprch Sales conversation Ich gehe einkaufen. Ich mchte Ich mchte ... kaufen. Haben Sie ? Kann ich dir helfen? Sonst noch etwas? alles zusammen I am going shopping. I would like I would like to buy Do you have ? Can I help you? Anything else? all together 29 Snacks und Getrnke kaufen Buying snacks and drinks die Bratwurst der Hamburger die Pizza die Pommes der Salat das Eis die Cola das Mineralwasser der Tee das Fleisch der Ketchup die Mayo(nnaise)/Majonse der Senf Ich mchte einmal/zweimal/dreimal ...

Ich htte gern Das macht 8. Ich esse gern. Ich trinke gern. fried sausage hamburger pizza chips salad ice cream coke mineral water tea meat ketchup mayonnaise mustard I would like one/two/three I would like That's 8. I like eating I like drinking 30 How to form the plural of German nouns (Remember: You can only add an Umlaut to vowels a, o, u.) der das die Add an umlaut to the main vowel & an -e at the end, 1 syllable words add ("er) e.g. das Bad (bath) die Bder (baths) Add (-[e]n) If not 1 syllable, then apply the e.g. der Stuhl same rule as for der words, i.e. (chair) die add an Umlaut & an e at the Sthle (chairs) end. If der/das words end -el, -en, -er then no change for plural, e.g. der Onkel (uncle) die Onkel (uncles) If der/das words end in -i or -o, add an s to form

the plural, e.g. der Kuli (pen) die Kulis (pens) The words for the and a (m) blau der ein (n) gelb das ein (f) rot die eine (pl) grn die Use Row2 (R2) if not in SNAP pair den einen das ein die eine die Use Row3 (R3) after some prepositions dem einem dem einem der einer den Use Row1 (R1) if in SNAP pair 31 Subject pronouns ich

du er es sie man wir ihr Sie sie I you (to a friend) he/it (when noun is masculine) it she/it (when noun is feminine) one/you/people we you (to friends) you (polite to one or more people) they Word order: Conjunctions & links Type Word order 1 (WO1) Description basic When? after the conjunctions und, aber, oder , denn e.g. Ich wohne mit meiner Familie in England. I live with my family in England. Word order 2 move SNAP verb If you begin with a (WO2) to 2nd idea link word (i.e. (i.e. swap the something not in SNAP pair around) the SNAP pair). e.g. Jetzt wohne ich mit meiner Familie in England. Now I live with my family in England. Word order 3 move SNAP verb If you use the (WO3) to end conjunction weil or any others like it. e.g. , weil ich mit meiner Familie in England wohne. because I live with my family in England. 32

Present tense verbs Here are the endings for the present tense: ich wohne ich -e du wohnst du -st er/es/sie/man wohnt er/es/sie-t wir wohnen wir -en ihr wohnt ihr -t Sie/sie wohnen Sie/sie -en These endings apply to most verbs except sein and haben: ich du er/es/sie/man wir ihr Sie/sie sein (to be) bin bist ist sind seid sind haben (to have) habe hast hat haben habt haben Certain other groups of verbs undergo other minor changes: 1. For verbs ending in -ern (like dauern: to last) or -eln (like klingeln: to ring) you only take off the -n, then add the endings, e.g. es dauert, es klingelt. 2. Verbs ending in -den (like baden: to bathe) or -ten (like antworten: to answer) keep their -e- before the du, er/es/sie and ihr endings, e.g. du badest, er antwortet. This makes them easier to pronounce. ffnen (to open), regnen (to rain) and trocknen (to dry) also do this, e.g. es regnet. 3. Some verbs either add an Umlaut or change their vowel but ONLY in the du and the er/es/sie SNAP forms of the present tense. These STRONG verbs are explained in more detail on the next page. 33

STRONG present tense verbs Unfortunately, not all verbs follow the regular pattern we have learned. Some are strong enough to break the rules (they do not have the spelling we would expect them to have following the weak/regular pattern). Luckily these strong verbs are only different from weak ones in the stem of the DU and the ER/ES/SIE/MAN form of the verb. There are three different ways that a verb can be strong . a changes to in the du, er/es/sie/man form e changes to i in the du, er/es/sie/man form e changes to ie in the du, er/es/sie/man form 1. tragen (to wear) ich trage du trgst er/es/sie/man trgt wir tragen ihr tragt Sie tragen sie tragen 2. helfen (to help) ich helfe du hilfst er/es/sie/man hilft wir helfen ihr helft Sie helfen sie helfen 3. sehen (to see) ich sehe du siehst er/es/sie/man sieht wir sehen ihr seht Sie sehen sie sehen The good news is that the SNAP endings are exactly the same whether the present tense verb is weak or strong. 34 Future tense: I will The future tense in German is formed with a present tense SNAP form of the verb werden plus an infinitive verb at end of sentence. ich werde ... du wirst ... er wird ... wir werden ihr werdet ... Sie werden ... sie werden ...

+ infinitive (at end of sentence) e.g. Was wirst du in den Sommerferien machen? Ich werde an den Strand gehen. Matt und Sam werden im Meer schwimmen. John wird windsurfen. Wir werden eine Woche in Deutschland bleiben. Kate wird mit Freunden wandern. A future meaning can also be successfully put across using the present tense, either on its own or together with a future time phrase. e.g. Was machen wir morgen? What are we going to do tomorrow? Fahren wir dieses Jahr nach Kanada? Are we going to Canada this year? Nchste Woche spiele ich Tennis. Im going to play tennis next week. 35 Listening & Reading I can understand: Speaking I can: 3 the main points of a short passage made up of a few familiar words and phrases. ask and answer simple questions on the current topic and in classroom talk with short phrases, including opinions, from memory, with good pronunciation. 4 a short passage made up of familiar words and basic phrases concerning self, people, places or simple actions. ask and answer simple questions on a few familiar topics and in classroom talk, using simple sentences from memory, with good pronunciation, expressing and responding to opinions. 5 the details in a short

passage on a few familiar topics with predictable information contained in simple sentences with mostly familiar language. ask and answer an increasing range of questions in topicbased and classroom interaction, adapting familiar questions, and can give information confidently from two-three recent topics. 6 passages of at least 50 words, containing predictable information drawn from several familiar topics, and can infer meaning of some unfamiliar language. interact across three-four topics and in classroom talk, adapting and re-combining pre-learnt language to produce spontaneous exchanges, including forming some questions, with some pauses for thinking. 7 passages of at least 80 words, containing predictable information from four-five topics including a range of structures, and can infer meaning in some authentic and/or adapted texts. interact confidently within familiar topics and in classroom talk, asking questions independently, and can express information in more than one time frame, without reference to notes, with some hesitation and/or inaccuracy. STEP STEP Writing I can: Vocabulary / Grammar

I can: 3 write words, phrases and short, simple sentences from memory with understandable spelling, and change some elements in sentences to create new ones. use capital letters and definite and indefinite articles with nouns, use I, you, s/he persons of several regular and key irregular verbs in the present tense, and simple sentence word order. 4 write a short, simple text from memory, using simple sentences from one familiar topic with reasonable spelling, and can write sentences on a few topics using a model, e.g. a writing frame. use high-frequency verbs (all parts), nouns, articles and adjectives to form simple and compound sentences independently (including WO2 in familiar contexts) and has a basic repertoire of words and phrases related to people, places, things and simple actions. 5 write a paragraph from memory made up of short sentences using taught language on a few topics, (which may have some mistakes), and can translate short phrases from English containing all familiar language from the most recent topic. use nouns and adjectives, subject pronouns and present tense verbs (regular and key irregular) to generate positive and simple negative sentences (WO1,2,3) independently, recalling at least 20 verbs, and use 50 cognate and 30 non-cognate words. 6 write short paragraphs from memory

on two-three topics with good accuracy, and adapt known structures (with some inaccuracy) and add new, researched language with some success, as well as translate short sentences from English across two-three topics. recall and use 30 verbs in the present tense and the future, use question words with more confidence to frame spontaneous questions, and use conjunctions (weil +) in a variety of contexts to extend sentences, and use 80 cognate and 50 non-cognate words. 7 write from memory at greater length (e.g. 60-75 words) on one topic, using more than one time frame and a logical structure, recycling learnt language and combining with new elements to express own ideas, as well as translate a short paragraph from English. recall and use 40 verbs, form the past tense with regular and key irregular verbs, use some modal verbs in combination with infinitives, use reflexive verbs in limited contexts and use comparative forms, and use 100 cognate and 80 non-cognate words. Y8 German Key questions Autumn Term [1] 7 weeks Lessons 1.11.14 Wie gehts? / Wie heit du? / Wie schreibt man das? Wo wohnst du? / Wo ist das? / Wie alt bist du? Wann hast du Geburtstag? Autumn Term [2] 7 weeks Lesson 1.15 1.23 Lessons 2.1 2.4 Was hast du in deiner Schultasche? / Hast du (einen Kuli)? Welche Farbe ist deine Lieblingsfarbe? /

Hast du einen / eine / ein? Was ist dein / deine Lieblings()? / Magst du? / Wann hast du? Was hast du am? / Was ist dein Lieblingsfach? / Was sind deine Lieblingsfcher? Wie findest du? Spring Term [1] 5 weeks Lessons 2.5 - Wie heit dein (Mathe)lehrer / deine (Musik)lehrerin? Wie ist er / sie? Spring Term [2] 6 weeks Was isst du / trinkst du in der Pause? Was trgst du zur Schule? / Wie findest du die Schuluniform? / Magst du Tiere? Was ist dein Lieblingstier? / Hast du ein Haustier? Was fr ein Haustier hast du? Wie ist dein (Pferd)? Hast du Geschwister? Wie siehst du aus? Summer Term [1] 5 weeks Wie viele Personen gibt es in deiner Familie? Beschreib deine Mutter / deinen Vater. Was ist dein Lieblingssport? Wie findest du? Warum? Bist du sportlich? Was spielst du? Was spielst du gern? Was fr Sport machst du? Was machst du gern in deiner Freizeit? Warum? Summer Term [2] 6 weeks Was wirst du am Wochenende machen? Was wirst du in den Sommerferien machen? Was gibt es (dort)? Was kann man machen? Was mchtest du kaufen / machen? 38 Y8 German marking code C G M P R1/2/3 S Sp SNAP T V WO1 WO2

WO3 Capital letter required Gender error Meaning unclear Plural required Row 1/2/3 required Singular required Spelling error SNAP ending required / incorrect Tense incorrect Verb required / incorrect Word Order 1 / 2 / 3 required 39 Y8 German targets 1 To use capital letters on all nouns 2 To check and use the correct gender for nouns (der (den)/die/das & ein(en)/ein/eine) 3 To know the question words in German 4 To ask and answer at least 12 key questions 5 To understand and use pronouns correctly (he/it = er, she/it = sie, it = es) 6 To use Row 2 (einen/ein/eine) correctly 7 To spell key topic words accurately 8 To use negatives correctly (Ich magnicht) 9 To use Word Order 2 accurately 10 To use haben (to have) in all parts 11 To use sein (to be) correctly, i.e. ist = is, sind = are 12 To use regular verb endings correctly 13 To understand numbers up to 100 14 To check and use correct plural forms of nouns 15 To use Word Oder 3 after weil (because) 16 To use a range of adjectives to give opinions 17 To use adverbs (intensifiers) - sehr/total/ziemlich - well in own speaking / writing 18 To use the 24 hour clock in German 19 To use a range of time phrases well in own speaking / writing 20 To use gern / nicht gern correctly 21 To use the future tense correctly 22 To ask and answer at least 20 questions confidently *1 To extend the range of vocabulary you use by using your booklet / online dictionary. *2 To include reference to other people as well as yourself (he/she/we/they). *3 To show in your work that you can adapt infinitive verbs. A To spot all or most mistakes when self- or peercorrecting. B To take more time and care over your work so that more of it is accurate first time. C To get started promptly on tasks in class. Au Au Au Sp Sp Sp Su Su Su Su

1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 Vokabeln lernen Two heads are often better than one when it comes to learning vocabulary. Working with someone else helps you to concentrate for longer and makes learning fun. 1 Tandem testing. Take a section of words and test your partner. Begin by testing German into English and then say the English and ask for the German. 2 Beginnings and endings. Your partner says the start of a a word and you have to finish it. (You need to be working with a set of 8 16 words). 3 Mini spelling bee. - friendly - freundlich. FREUNDLICH. - Richtig! 4 Give clues. 5 Use it in a sentence. - intelligent. - Meine Katze ist sehr intelligent. - Es beginnt mit L - Laut? - Ja! 6 Make revision activities for your partner. [E.g. anagrams, missing letters, odd one out, secret code, definitions, word search] Little and often. Learning vocabulary is like growing plants. The seed needs watering little and often for it to grow. Your vocabulary knowledge likewise needs regular attention. 41 Mein Wortschatz (My vocabulary) Online support resources Online German dictionary: http://www.dict.cc/ Online German verb conjugation: http://www.verbix.com/languages/german.shtml Online language consolidation & learning activities: http://gut.languageskills.co.uk/beginner/year7.html http://gut.languageskills.co.uk/beginner/year8.html http://www.digitaldialects.com/German.htm

Online German culture & language: http://german.about.com/ The audio language course "Radio D" is aimed at beginners with no or little previous knowledge and covers levels A1 and A2 within the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. It helps you train your listening comprehension in a unique way. You can listen to all audio clips and read the manuscripts for them here. Radio D was created in collaboration with the Goethe-Institut. http://www.dw.com/en/learn-german/radio-d-teil-1/s-9672 45

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