LIS512 lecture 12 LCC basics Thomas Krichel 2010-04-21

LIS512 lecture 12 LCC basics Thomas Krichel 2010-04-21

LIS512 lecture 12 LCC basics Thomas Krichel 2010-04-21 today Introduction History of LCC Structure of LCC The anatomy of the call number

What is classification? Classification in general The placing of subjects into categories Provides a system for organizing, categorizing knowledge Roots of current classification systems go back to Aristotles classical theory of categories Classification of books If you were organizing a collection of books, how might you arrange them?

Authors last name Title Subject Size Color Hardback vs. paperback Publisher

Public orderings Classification of books (2) Read and unread books Order of acquisition Provenance Sentimental value Private orderings

According to a classification system such as LCC or DDC Classification in libraries Use of a systematic scheme for the arrangement of books and other materials The purpose is the co-locate items on the same topic next to each on the shelf. Contrary to subject headings, classification is pretty useless in digital libraries. Some early developers & systems Francis Bacon

1605, published his outline of knowledge Jean Le Rond dAlembert 1751, published ideas on how Diderots Encyclopdie might be arranged Thomas Jefferson System based on Bacon and dAlembert Melvil Dewey Dewey Decimal Classification Charles Ammi Cutter Expansive Classification

Basic terminology Classify: To categorize, in order to arrange books on the shelves according to subject, using a classification system Classification schedules: The books (or files) that contain class numbers Notation: The system of symbols used to represent the classes in a classification system General process for classification

Analyze the subject content of the work. Summarize the primary subject focus of the work as a whole Go to the classification schedules and determine where the item should be placed within that scheme Assign the class number As appropriate for the scheme, add additional elements to the class number 14 Types of classification schemes Hierarchical Subjects are divided hierarchically, from general to specific

Enumerative All aspects of a subject are explicitly provided for in the schedules Analytico-synthetic Commonly occurring concepts (place, form, etc.) are listed once and notation is used to build or synthesize numbers Faceted Does not assign fixed numbers to subjects, but combines facets of a subject in a composite number Selected classification schemes

Most common in U.S. libraries: Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) Library of Congress Classification (LCC) Superintendent of Documents (SuDocs) National Library of Medicine (NLM) More common outside U.S.: Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) Colon Classification (CC) Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) Developed by Melvil Dewey in 1876 Widely used by public and school libraries in

the U.S. Used in more than 135 countries Translated into over 30 languages DDC now owned by OCLC. Access is expensive. Library of Congress Classification (LCC) Designed to arrange LCs collections Widely used in academic libraries Enumerative more is spelled out in the schedules Larger over 40 separate volumes Economical notation (shorter numbers) Considerations in choosing a classification

scheme Focus of the collection to be classified General or specialized? Maintenance of the schedules Revised to accommodate new subjects? Do revisions require reclassification? Cost Availability of catalog copy using the scheme Cost of the schedules, print and/or electronic Personnel issues Professional/paraprofessional staff, students, volunteers?

Advantages to using LCC vs. DDC? Widely available on catalog copy with complete call number Relatively unlimited expansion, not requiring wholesale revision Shorter numbers Cooperative opportunity to introduce new numbers Disadvantages of using LCC vs. DDC?

Lack of consistency among schedules Too large for an individual to fully master No single index Too complex for childrens collections Based on literary warrant from LCs collections Parts of its organization still reflect 19th/early 20th century worldview 22

Summary Classification provides a system for organizing and categorizing knowledge A number of different systems can be used for classification in libraries Classification of information resources is important: As a shelving/location device For collocation of resources To facilitate discovery of resources, whether physical or electronic 32 Purpose of LCC

Developed by the Library of Congress for organizing its own collections Adopted by other libraries, particularly academic and research libraries Initially a shelf-location device A useful retrieval tool in online systems Limited use as a tool for organizing web resources 3 Brief history (1) The Library of Congress established in 1800 when the American legislature was preparing to move from Philadelphia to the new capital city

of Washington, D.C. Section five of "An Act to Make Further Provision for the Removal and Accommodation of the Government of the United States," signed by President John Adams on April 24, 1800, provided a sum of $5,000 "for the purchase of such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress and the said city of Washington, and for fitting up a suitable apartment for containing them. Brief history (2) Early on, books were grouped by size and, within size groups, by accession number, as reflected in the first (1802) and the second

(1804) LC catalogs The first recorded change in the arrangement of the collection reflected in the Library's third catalog (1808), showing added categories for special bibliographic forms such as plans, state laws, legislative and executive reports and papers, financial reports, and gazettes. 5 Brief history (3) Burning of the US Capitol and the Library of Congresss collection in 1814 by British soldiers Purchase of Thomas Jeffersons personal

library of 6,487 books, classified by Jeffersons own system Library of Congress retaining Jeffersons classification system 6 Brief history (4) Expansion of the Library's collection from seven thousand books to nearly one million by 1890s LCs move to a new building in 1897 Contemplation of a new classification scheme for the Library Decision for its development in 1900

Provisional outline proposed in 1901 7 Brief history (5) James C. M. Hanson, Head of the Catalogue Division, and Charles Martel, the newly appointed Chief Classifier, responsible for new classification scheme Use of Cutter's Expansive Classification as a guide for the order of classes in the broad outline of the LC Classification Considerable changes made in notation Order of publication of LCC

schedules 1901 1902 E-F History: America (Western Hemisphere) Z Bibliography. Library science Additional schedules were developed throughout the twentieth century

Development of new schedules is ongoing Brief history (6) Each schedule contains an entire class, a subclass, or a group of subclasses Individual schedules of LCC developed and maintained by subject experts Conversion from print to electronic format beginning in early 1990s Conversion using the USMARC (now called MARC 21) Classification Format General characteristics of schedules Developed independently by different groups of

subject specialists Enumerative -- aspects of a subject explicitly provided by the schedules Based on literary warrant Unifying elements common to all schedules Physical format (print schedules) Internal arrangement of classes and subclasses Notation Auxiliary tables

General to specific, creating a hierarchical display Levels of hierarchy are indicated by indention Broad outline of LCC I. II. General Works (A) Humanistic Disciplines & Social Sciences (B-P) III.

Natural Sciences & Technology (Q-V) IV. Philosophy, Religion, History, Geography Anthropology, Social Sciences, Music, Fine Arts, Language & Literature Math, Physical & Biological Sciences, Medicine, Agriculture, Technology, Military & Naval Sciences Bibliography & Library Science (Z) Main classes (1)

Entire field of knowledge divided into main classes Roughly equal to academic disciplines or areas of study Denoted by single capital letters Main classes (2) A General works B Philosophy, Psychology, Religion C History - Auxiliary D History - Universal & Old World E-F History of the

Americas G Geography H Social Sciences J Political Science M Music N Fine Arts P Language & Literature Q Sciences R Medicine S Agriculture T Technology U Military Science

V Naval Science Subclasses (1) Represent branches of the disciplines Denoted by double or triple capital letters S Agriculture SB Plant culture SD Forestry SF Animal culture SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling SK Hunting sports Subclasses (2) Schedules D and K use triple letters

DAW History of Central Europe KBP Islamic law KFA Law of U.S. States, Alabama to Arkansas Schedules E and F use only single letters E-F History: America E United States (General) F United States local history. Canada. Latin America Structure of LC Classification Basic arrangement is by discipline Various aspects of a subject are generally not grouped together, but are classed with the discipline

Agriculture: technical aspects in S (Agriculture) agricultural economics in HD (sub-class of Economics) Structure of LC Classification (2) Railroads: Railroad engineering in TF (sub-class of technology) Organization and management of railroads in HE (transportation and communication, a sub-class of economics) Remember: LCC separates books on the same subject by discipline

Within each subclass Subclasses further divided to specify form, place, time & subtopics Topical divisions often further subdivided by subtopics Denoted by integers 1-9999, some with decimal extensions Some subtopics may also be denoted by a Cutter number (e.g., .M84) Some subject divisions in QH Biology (General)

QH359-425 QH426-470 QH471-489 QH501-531 QH540-549.5 QH573-671 QH705-705.5

Evolution Genetics Reproduction Life Ecology Cytology Economic biology QH Biology (General) Ecology Class here works on general ecology and general animal ecology. For works on ecology of individual animals and groups of animals, see the For human ecology see GF1+

For ecology of a particular topographic area see QH101+ For plant ecology see QK900+ Cf. BL65.E36 Ecology and religion Cf. HX550.E25 Communism and ecology Cf. QH546 Ecological genetics 540 Periodicals, societies, congresses, serial publications 540.3 Collected works (nonserial)

540.4 Dictionaries and encyclopedias 540.5 Philosophy 540.6 Nomenclature, terminology, notation, abbreviations 540.7

Classification animal QH Biology (General) Ecology History 540.8 General works 540.83.AZ By region or country, AZ

Biography see QH26+ 541 General works, treatises, and textbooks 541.13 Popular works 541.14 Juvenile works 541.142 Handbooks, tables, formulas, etc. 541.145 Addresses, essays, lectures 541.15.AZ Special aspects of the subject as a whole, AZ: 541.15.A9 Autoradiographic techniques

541.15.B54 Biological assay 541.15.B56 Biological diversity For local, see QH84.1+ For physiographic divisions see QH84.8+ Cf. QH75+ Biological diversity conservation Cf. QH541.15.S64 Species diversity Cf. QK46.5.D58 Plant diversity 541.15.B84 Buffer zones 541.15.C44 Chemical ecology

Interpreting the schedules Meaning is contained in the captions, not in the class numbers Class numbers merely serve to order the captions Subordination of topics is shown through indention of captions Interpreting the schedules (2) Decimal numbers do not necessarily reflect subtopics of the whole number. Decimal numbers do show that the class number was not part of the original schedule. Parenthesized numbers are not to be used; represent

class numbers that were valid in the past. Angle brackets around a number or span of numbers indicate that LC provides this number as an option but does not use it. Notes used in schedules Scope notes Explain what the classification covers Used when similar topics occur in different areas Designated by Class here Explanatory see notes Used when a topic logically belongs in one

division, but is covered elsewhere Designated by For QE GEOLOGY Reptiles 861 General works, treatises, and textbooks Dinosaurs Class here works on dinosaurs in general For works on specific orders of dinosaurs see QE862.A-Z 861.2

Periodicals, societies, congresses 861.3 Dictionaries 861.35 Computer network resources Including the Internet 861.4 General works 861.5 Juvenile works Notes used in schedules (2) See notes Used to indicate topics relocated to other parts of the

schedule(s) Former number removed or, often, parenthesized QE GEOLOGY Reptiles 862.A-Z Other systematic divisions, A-Z 862.C5 Chelonia. Testudinata

862.C7 Cotylosauria 862.C8 Crocodylia (862.D4) Dicynodontia see QE862.T5 Notes, cont.

Including notes Provides examples of the topics covered by a particular caption Confer notes Designated by the abbreviation Cf. Indicates other aspects of the topic may be found elsewhere in the schedule(s) QK 83 BOTANY Plant lore

Cf. GR780-790 Folklore National plants. Official plants Including state, provincial, etc. plants 84.8 General works By region or country 85 United States 85.3.A-Z Other regions or countries, A-Z ----------------------------------------------------------------------------97.5 Identification For geographic treatment see QK108-474.5

Physical format Each print schedule contains Preface Broad outline with subclasses Detailed outline with 2 or 3 levels of hierarchy Schedule (the actual class numbers) Tables Index 22 Outline view in Classification Web (1st level)

Outline view in ClassWeb (2nd level): expansion of Mathematics General arrangement within subclasses and subject divisions Form subdivisions Periodicals, Societies, Congresses, Directories, Collections, Dictionaries, etc.

Philosophy History Biography General works Study & teaching Subtopics Form subdivisions example 1 TC Hydraulic engineering For municipal water supply see TD201500.2 For hydraulic machinery see TJ840.A2-.A3 1 Periodicals, societies, etc. 5

Congresses Exhibitions. Museums 6.A1 General works 6.A2-Z By region or country, A-Z Subarrange each country by Table T4b 7 Collected works (nonserial) 9 Dictionaries and encyclopedias 12 Directories Form subdivisions example 2

T Technology (General) Periodicals and societies. By language of publication 1 English 2 French 3 German 4 Other languages (not A-Z) (5) Yearbooks see T1-4

6 Congresses Industrial museums, etc. see T179-183 International exhibitions see T391-995 7 Collected works (nonserial) 8 Symbols and abbreviations Dictionaries and encyclopedias 9 General works 10 Bilingual and polyglot

Philosophy Used primarily in main classes and subclasses Generally not found below the level of subclass Often a single number, though may be expanded to many numbers QH Natural history (General) 14

Authorship 14.3 Philosophy 30 A range of numbers for Philosophy History The history of a topic is often broken down into specific time periods, e.g., 1945-1971 1971-2000 2000-

Dates refer to the period of time covered in the work being classified Some spans written as Through [date] when start is undefined Often combined with breakdown by region or country History example, subdivision by place QH Natural history (General) 14.3 Philosophy History 15 General works

21.AZZ By region or country, AZZ 33 history example subdivision by time period TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering History 15 General works 16 Ancient 17

Medieval 18 Modern to 1800 19 Nineteenth century 20 Twentieth century History examples (2) Biography Biography numbers are generally provided under disciplines, subclasses, and broad subjects Separate numbers for collective & individual

QE 21 22.A-Z 22.D25 22.L8 22.S77 Geology Biography Collective Individual, A-Z , e.g. Dana, James Dwight Lyell, Charles Steno, Nicolaus

35 General works General works -- comprehensive works covering a topic May also be listed as Treatises or General Always found when there are any subtopics under a topic Earlier schedules also included General special or Special aspects of the subject as a whole No new numbers of this type are being established Other divisions in this category include Popular works, Juvenile works, Addresses, essays,

lectures General works example 1 GV RECREATION. LEISURE Games and amusements Indoor games and amusements Board games. Move games Checkers. Draughts 1461 Periodicals. Societies. Serials Biography 1462 Collective

1462.2.A-Z Individual, A-Z 1463 General works Strategies and tactics 1463.5 General works 1463.7 Openings 1463.9 End games General works & date spans Date spans used under General works are based on

publication date rather than historical period Through 1800 1801-1859 1860-1900 1901- Dates do not overlap! This is done to separate more recent material from older material Dates in captions refer to imprint date Example: dates of publication HF

5631 5633 5635 5636 COMMERCE Business Accounting. Bookkeeping General works English and American Through 1800 1801-1850 1851-2005

2006- From LCs catalog: a few books classed in HF5631 Study & teaching Often a single number, but may receive a span of numbers Example from QH Ecology: Study and teaching. Research 541.2 General works 541.215 Outlines, syllabi Special teaching methods and aids 541.22 General works

541.23 Audiovisual aids 541.235.AZZ Other methods, AZZ 541.235.G34 Games Topics & subtopics Comprise the bulk of individual developments or expansions of classes and subclasses Each class, subclass & discipline developed independently Arranged logically where possible Alphabetical arrangement of subtopics often found, as well

Logical arrangement QE GEOLOGY 840.5-882 Chordata 840.5 Cephalochordata. Tunicata. Hemichordata. Enteropneusta. Pterobranchia. Graptolinthina 841-882 Vertebrates 841 General works, treatises, and textbooks 842

Juvenile works 845 Fossil footprints 846 Fossil teeth 847 Amniotes 851-853 Fishes 861-862 Reptiles 867-868 Amphibians. Batrachia 871-875

Birds 881-882 Mammals Alphabetical arrangement: orders QE GEOLOGY 881-882 Mammals 881 General works, treatises, and textbooks 882.A-Z Systematic divisions, A-Z 882.C15

Carnivora 882.C5 Cetacea 882.C8 Chiroptera 882.C84 Cimolesta 882.C9 Creodonta 882.D4 Deltatheridia 882.D45 Desmostylia 882.D6

Docodonta 882.E2 Edentata. Xenarthra 882.E86 Eupantotheria 882.H47 Herbivora 882.I5 Insectivora Geographic divisions Topics may be subdivided geographically in two ways: Alphabetical arrangement under one number, e.g., By

region or country, A-Z It is common to assign a separate number or numbers to the U.S. A span of numbers, with preferred order: New World -- Northern Hemisphere, followed by Southern Hemisphere Old World -- Northern Hemisphere, followed by Southern Hemisphere; west to east Pacific Islands, Arctic & Antarctic regions last Further subdivision within each region either naturally or alphabetically By region or country, A-Z

SF ANIMAL CULTURE Pets Dogs Dog breeders, owners etc. 422.7 General works 422.73.A-Z By region or country, A-Z U.S. with breakdown by state Special countries United States

T55.7 General works T55.72.A-W By state, A-W T55.74.A-Z Other American countries, A-Z T55.75.A-Z Europe. By country, A-Z T55.76.A-Z Asia. By country, A-Z T55.775 Australia T55.778 New Zealand

U.S with breakdown by city HT COMMUNITIES. CLASSES. RACES City planning 166 General works By region or country United States 167 General works 167.2 Dept. of Housing and Urban Development 167.5.A-Z By region or state, A-Z

168.A-Z By city, A-Z 169.A-Z Other regions or countries, A-Z TG BRIDGE ENGINEERING 21-127 Country divisions 21-54 America 55-95 Europe 72.P23

Paris. Alexander III Bridge 99-113.5 Asia 114 Arab countries Span of numbers, 114.5 Islamic countries Preferred order 115-119 Africa 120-120.5 Indian Ocean islands 120.7-122.7 Australasia

123-124 Pacific Islands 125-125.5 Arctic regions 126 Antarctica 126.5 Tropics Place divided by topic Differs from usual LCC practice (classify by topic, sub-arrange by place) Place divided by topic is characteristic of history schedules (D,E,F), laws of countries (KD-KWX) and some areas of the social

sciences Class or subclass divided geographically, with further subdivisions by form, topic, or period Allows more specific enumeration of topics appropriate to each country DA 1-3 4 10-18.2 20-690 700-745

750-890 900-995 900 905 906 908-908.7 909-965 969 Place divided by topic HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN Historiography Study and teaching

British Empire. Commonwealth of Nations. The Commonwealth Including Great Britain, the dominions, and the colonies. For individual dominions and colonies, see DS-DU, F, etc. England Wales Scotland Ireland Periodicals. Societies. Serials Sources and documents General works Biography (Collective) see DA916 Historiography History Description and travel

Place divided by topic LCC schedules: electronic Classification Web http://classificationweb.net/ Web-based tool for access to LC Classification and LC Subject Headings Updated daily most up-to-date version MARC Distribution Service (MDS) Classification Full set of LC Classification records in MARC 21 or MARCXML format, distributed weekly Includes records only; no software for display

Classification Web Full-text display of all LCC schedules LCSH, with links to schedules Correlations between class numbers and LCSH Automatic calculation of table numbers Available by subscription Quick Start Tutorial for help with searching and other features Library of Congress Subject Headings

Entries in LCSH sometimes include suggested LC Classification numbers for the heading Class numbers represent the most common aspects of the topic Added only if very close correspondence between subject heading & LCC schedules Class numbers are not always kept up-to-date Use as a starting point only! Always consult the LCC schedules Authority records Subject authority records contain the same information as LCSH entries

Name authority records Literary authors have specific LC Class numbers Many appear in name authority records LC Class number appears in 053 field Caution: as noted for class numbers in LCSH, not kept up-to-date. Use as a starting point only! LC Authorities: http://authorities.loc.gov ClassWeb Quick Start Tutorial Available in ClassWeb and at http://www.loc.gov/cds/classweb/ Help with:

Browsing class numbers Searching (captions, keywords, index terms, etc.) Customizing Correlating subject headings and class numbers And more. What is a call number? Call number = class number + book number

Class number alphanumeric taken or derived from schedules Book number also called Item number or Author number distinguishes among items classed under the same number usually begins with Cutter number Overview: example 1 Animals in translation : using the mysteries of autism to decode animal behavior / Temple Grandin and Catherine Johnson, 2005.

Class number: QL Zoology 751 Animal behavior Book number: .G73 Cutter for Grandin 2005 Year of publication 4 Overview: example 2 Essential Brittany / by Lindsay Hunt, 1997. Class number: DC History of France 611 Regions

.B848 Brittany Book number: H84 Cutter for Hunt 1997 Year of publication 5 Cutter numbers Named for Charles Ammi Cutter developed several tables using letters and numbers to achieve an alphabetical arrangement Capital letter followed by Arabic numerals Cutter numbers may be based on:

Personal or corporate names Geographic names Topics Titles Cutters used as book numbers generally correspond to main entry (name or title) The first Cutter in a call number is preceded by a decimal

6 Class numbers must contain: one, two, or three capital letters D History DG History of Italy DJKHistory of Eastern Europe K Law KF Law of the United States KFPLaw of Pennsylvania 7

Class numbers must contain: (2) whole numbers (1-9999) HV875 Adoption TK7881 Industrial electronics may have decimal extensions HV875.5 Intercountry adoption TK7881.85 Automobile sound systems and equipment 8 Class numbers: decimal extensions Decimals do not necessarily represent subtopics of a whole number:

GV836 GV836.2 Water sports Houseboats and houseboating Swimming. Periodicals Horse racing SF357 Individual running races, A-Z SF357.3 Quarter racing. Periodicals 9

Class numbers may contain: single Cutter number extension BQ5075.P73 Prayer wheels in Buddhism HN79.M3 Social conditions in Maryland HV5824.C42 Drug use by celebrities double Cutter number extension HF5382.5.U6 F64 Vocational guidance in Florida N6530.N72 C646 History of art in Columbia County, New York 10

Book numbers Used to arrange material in a given class generally by main entry (primary access point) Usually begin with a Cutter number single capital letter, followed by Arabic numerals G73 for Grandin H84 for Hunt preceded by decimal, if this is the first Cutter

Arabic numerals represent remainder of name or title, derived from Cutter table Table is in SCM: Shelflisting G 63 Cutter Table examples After initial vowels for the second letter:b d l-m n p use number: 2 3 4 5 6 After initial letter S for the second letter:a ch e h-i m-p use number: 2 3 4 5 6

Cutter Table examples (2) After other initial consonants for the second letter: a e i o r u use number: 3 4 5 6 7 8 For expansion for the letter: use number: a-d e-h i-l m-o p-s t-v 3 4 5 6 7 9 Shelflisting

The process of determining the book number is called shelflisting Shelflist: a file of cards or bibliographic records arranged in the same order as the corresponding materials on the shelves Shelflisting: to arrange materials within a subject, normally by author; to determine the book number 14 Using the Cutter Table: first letter is a consonant Main entry: Campbell, Joseph

begin with C for 2nd letter a, use number 3: C3 expansion row : 3rd letter m-o, use 6: C36 Main entry: French political parties begin with F for 2nd letter r, use number 7: F7 expansion row: 3rd letter e-h, use 4: F74 15 Using the Cutter Table: initial vowel, initial letter S Main entry: The other eighteenth century

begin with O for 2nd letter s-t, use number 8: O8 expansion row: 3rd letter e-h, use 4: O84 Main entry: Schreiber, Daniel begin with S for 2nd letters ch, use number 3: S3 expansion row: next letter p-s, use 7: S37 16 Determining the Cutter Find the filing position in the shelflist search by class number and view main entries

in most cases, arrangement is alphabetical order by main entry Consider whether use of the Cutter table will achieve the proper position if so, use the Cutter table if not, adjust by using different numbers or by expanding with additional numbers The shelflist always takes precedence Where should a new entry file? G 100 Filing Rules has complete information General principle: File elements exactly as they

appear, word by word, then character by character File abbreviations exactly as written Treat hyphenated words as separate words Ignore initial articles (such as a, an, the) list of articles in many languages is in G 100 BUT do not ignore initial articles in personal and place names Adjusting the Cutter: expanding numbers In order to permit infinite expansion between numbers, Cutters are treated as decimals .B3

.B47 .B56 .B564 .B583 .B66 .B7 Do not end a Cutter with 1 or 0 Adjusting the Cutter: expanding numbers What Cutter would fit between these two? .S39 .S392 .S395

.S396 .S4 .S3965 .S39995 Main entry: letter not given in table For: Gladwell, Malcolm Cutter table: L not specified Shelflist shows: BF448 Galotti, Kathleen Making decisions that .G35 2002 matter BF448

Gelatt, H. B. .G45 2003 Creative decision making BF448 Glaser, Rollin O. Groupthink index .G57 1993 Could use: .G53 Example: inserting the number For: Levitt, Stephen Shelflist shows:

Cutter table suggests: L48 HB74.P8 Levine, David P. Normative political L477 2001 economy. HB74.P8 Levine, David P. Subjectivity in political L478 1998 economy. HB74.P8 L48 1995 Lewis, Alan. New economic mind

Could use: L479 Cuttering for numerals: SCM G 63 When Cuttering for Roman or Arabic numerals, use the Cutters .A12-.A19 PR8858 .A17 1995 The 1916 poets / edited with an introduction by Desmond Ryan, 1995. When numerals are expressed as words, Cutter like any other word: BM723 .F48 1996 Fifty-eighth century : a Jewish renewal sourcebook / edited by Shohama Harris Wiener, 1996.

More on class numbersMAY contain: a date as an extension of the class number: JK1968 2004 .R63 2005 Election returns. By date of election HV600 1746 .L55 P47 2001 Disaster relief. Earthquakes. By date of occurrence Example from Classification Web Example from Classification Web Example of complete call number

For a work about the 1746 earthquake in Lima, Peru with main entry Prez: HV 600 1746 .L55 P47 2001 Social pathology. Social and public welfare Earthquake relief Date of occurrence Subarranged by place Lima Cutter for Prez

Date of publication How many Cutter numbers? Schedules may provide instructions for subarrangement these always take precedence over general practices No more than two Cutter numbers in a call number (except G schedule) If there are no special instructions in the schedules assign single Cutter for main entry QL751.G73 Grandin, Temple How many Cutter numbers? If class number includes a Cutter (representing

topic, place, etc.): assign an additional Cutter for the main entry: DC611.B848 H84 Hunt, Lindsey HN79.M3 C37 Carr, Lois HV5824.C42 K87 Kusinitz, Marc How many Cutter numbers? If class number requires two Cutter numbers to express the topic: add digits to the second number to achieve alphabetical arrangement by main entry HF5382.5.U6 F6+ Florida F62 one work about Florida

F64 another work about Florida F645 yet another F67 and another A-Z Topical Cutters Topical Cutters are used in a schedule when a series of topics does not lend itself to a logical or hierarchical order: TX557 558 Vegetables, cereals, fruits, etc.

Special, A-Z .A3 Acorns .A6 Apples .B3 Bananas .B35 Barley A-Z Topical Cutters (2) Most topical Cutters are printed in the schedules Previous practice: in some areas, only representative or sample Cutter numbers were given, preceded by e.g. Some types of Cutters are not printed: personal, corporate, geographic names, languages (when

topic is subarranged by language) Reserved Cutter numbers A span of Cutter numbers at the beginning (A) or end (Z) of the sequence set aside for special purposes A Cutters are often for form divisions (periodicals, congresses) Z Cutters are often for special divisions of the subject (biography and criticism of a literary author) .A1, .A15, .A2 are reserved For general works, Cutter for main entry Abell should be

greater than .A3 For reserved Cutters, add a second Cutter based on main entry Additions to call numbers Date of publication is added in most cases Work letter (or mark) Volume number

Terms such as Index or Suppl. Local decisions: Copy 1, 2, etc. Oversize designation Date of publication: G 140 General rule: add the date of imprint to all monographs prior to 1982, not done routinely Dates are not added to the call numbers for serials and certain loose-leaf publications associated with legal materials G 140 includes instructions on handling multiple or

complex dates and exceptions to the general rule MARC 21 Coding In a bibliographic record, the LC call number appears in field 050 050 00 $a QL751 $b .G73 2005 050 00 $a RC569.5.S56 $b B36 1988 Subfield codes: $a Classification number $b Item number 050 field: indicators

First indicator: existence in LC collection _ No information provided 0 Item is in LC 1 Item is not in LC Second indicator: source of call number 0 Assigned by LC 4 Assigned by agency other than LC MARC 21 Coding Reminder: classification number portion of the call number may include a Cutter 050 00 $a QL751 $b .G73 2005 050 00 $a DC611.B848 $b H84 1997

First Cutter is preceded by decimal General rule: delimiter for the item number ($b) precedes the last capital letter http://openlib.org/home/krichel Thank you for your attention! Please switch off machines b4 leaving!

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    Divisions of Anatomy Anatomy The study of _____? From the Greek anatome meaning "to dissect" Structure dictates function! Subdivisions of Anatomy Because anatomy is such a broad science, it is more meaningful when specific aspects of the science are considered...