European Turtle-dove International Action Plan LIFE14 PRE UK002

European Turtle-dove International Action Plan LIFE14 PRE UK002

European Turtle-dove International Action Plan LIFE14 PRE UK002 EuroSAP Dmitry BirdLife International Breeding Wooded areas for nesting Nests in bushes/trees Open, cultivated land for feeding Available and accessible seeds and water Wintering abundant food supply

drinking water large trees/patches of woodland Habitat requirements Dmitry Western Europe - patchy woodland/ farmland with hedges and wood plots Baltic states, Belarus, Russia, Ukraine - forest habitats By Klli Kolina (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons Morocco - olive and orange orchards Mediterranean region - range of

habitats including woodland and orchards Google Productivity Extremadura, Spain 2-3 chicks/pair/year NW Portugal 2.71 young/pair UK (1960s) 2.1 (2-2.8) fledglings/pair/year UK (1990s) 1.3 0.2 fledglings/pair/year Dmitry 120 100 European population trend -30-49% in three generations (15.9 years) (European Red List) -79% between 1980 and 2014 (PECBMS)

Population index 80 60 40 20 0 IUCN Red List: Global Vulnerable EU27 Near Threatened European Vulnerable 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year

Graph: PECBMS data for 23 European Marx et al Average percentage population change per year. Values <1 are decreasing. Values >1 are increasing. (PECBMS) Google 160 140 120 Population index 100

80 60 40 20 0 66 968 970 972 974 976 978 980 982 984 986 988 990 992 994 996 998 000 002 004 006 008 010 012 014 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Belgium-Wallonia Portugal France Spain YearGermany

United Kingdom Netherlands 4500000 4000000 Estimated number of individuals 3500000 3000000 PECBMS trends translated into numbers of birds Spai n 2500000

2000000 1500000 1000000 500000 0 66 968 970 972 974 976 978 980 982 984 986 988 990 992 994 996 998 000 002 004 006 008 010 012 014 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Year Belgium-Wallonia Portugal France Spain

Germany UK Netherlands 800000 700000 Estimated number of individuals 600000 Franc e 500000 400000 300000

200000 100000 0 66 968 970 972 974 976 978 980 982 984 986 988 990 992 994 996 998 000 002 004 006 008 010 012 014 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Year Belgium-Wallonia Netherlands France Portugal Germany UK

180000 160000 Estimated number of individuals 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 66 968 970 972 974 976 978 980 982 984 986 988 990 992 994 996 998 000 002 004 006 008 010 012 014

19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2

2 2 2 Year Belgium-Wallonia Portugal Germany UK Netherlands Breeding habitat loss / modificati on Illegal killing

Unsustainable hunting Wintering habitat loss / modification Objective 1 Good quality habitats, with food and water, maintained and increased on breeding grounds emergency agri-environment schemes Post-2020 CAP: turtle-dove friendly measures develop and share best practice in land management national agri-environmental schemes, appropriate for national habitats Ongoing work to determine appropriate packages. Objective 2 Eradicate illegal killing determine scale, hot-spots and populations

guidance on effective enforcement police enforcement across range Objective 3 Locally and internationally sustainable hunting reduce hunting to sustainable levels (following early 2017 modelling results) develop adaptive harvest management framework (needs a Working Group with Member State involvement) ensure robust data collection to inform modelling encourage appropriate hunting legislation outside of the EU Ongoing work to develop adaptive harvest models. Objective 4 Good quality habitats, with food and water, maintained and increased at key stop-over sites and on wintering grounds improve understanding of population dynamics and habitat requirements

in Africa (targeted research) Contributors: Jlia Almeida (Instituto da Conservao da Natureza e das Florestas, Portugal), Alessandro Andreotti (ISPRA, Italy), Diugas Anukevicius (Protected Area Strategy Division, Lithuania), Jean-Pierre Arnauduc (Chasseurs de France, FACE), Beatriz Arroyo Lpez (Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos, Spain), Zeynel Arslangndogdu (Forestry Department, Istanbul University, Turkey), Marita Arvela (DG ENV.D3 Nature Protection Unit), Juan Carlos Atienza (SEO/BirdLife, Spain), Ainars Aunins (University of Latvia), Raffael Ay (BirdLife Switzerland), Miguel Aymerich Huyghues-Despointes (Direccin General de Calidad y Evaluacin Ambiental y Medio Natural, Spain), Ali El Ayoubi (Service de la Cyngtique et de la Pisciculture Continentale, Morocco), Dimitrios E Bakaloudis (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece), Attila Bankovics (Hungarian Natural History Museum), Nicholas Barbara (BirdLife Malta), Sanja Barii (Institute of Ornithology CASA, Croatia), Christos Barboutis (HOS, BirdLife Greece), Clive R Barlow (Birds of The Gambia), Mikis Bastian (natur&mwelt, BirdLife Luxembourg), Oscar Beltrn (Oficina Nacional de Caza, Spain), Ettayib Bensaci (ANAO, Algeria), Andrej Bibic (Sector for Nature Conservation, Slovenia), Olivier Bibier (AEMLAP), Gilles Biver (Department of Environment, Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure, Luxembourg), Jules Bos (Vogelbescherming Nederland, BirdLife Netherlands), Willem van den Bossche (BirdLife Europe Secretariat), Pamela Braham (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Michel Briain (DG ENV.D3 Nature Protection Unit), Joost Brouwer (Brouwer Consultancy, West African Bird Database), Stephen Brown (GCT, The Gambia), Ariel Brunner (BirdLife Europe Secretariat), Ivan Budinski (BIOM, BirdLife Croatia), Sebastian Bugariu (SOR, BirdLife Romania), Malte Busch (Dachverband Deutscher Avifaunisten, Germany), Sara Cabezas (SEO/BirdLife, Spain), Wendy Cain (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Carles Carboneras (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Elisabetta de Carli (MITO2000, Italy), Gonalo Nuno Carrasqueira Lopes (Instituto da Conservao da Natureza e das Florestas, Portugal), Ana Carricondo (SEO/BirdLife, Spain), Elaine Caruana (Maltese Government Wild Birds Unit), Claudio Celada (LIPU, BirdLife Italy), Tomasz Chodkiewicz (OTOP, BirdLife Poland), Jacques Comolet-Tirman (Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle, France), Carole Cook (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Alexandre Czajkowski (OMPO, France), Zoltn Czirk (Ministry of Agriculture, Hungary), Ivana Czocherova (BirdLife Slovakia), Mohamed Dakki (GREPOM, BirdLife Morocco), Bernard Deceuninck (LPO, France), Miro Demko (SOS, BirdLife Slovakia), Abdoulaye Diallo (AMCFE, Mali), Djibril Diallo (Nature Maritanie, BirdLife Mauritania), Susana Dias (CEABN/InBIO, University of Lisbon, Portugal), Gerald Driessens (Natuurpunt, BirdLife Belgium, Flanders), Jenny Dunn (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Eugenio Dupr (ISPRA, Italy), Michael Dvorak (BirdLife sterreich, BirdLife Austria), Ali El Ayoubi (Service de la Cyngtique et de la Pisciculture Continentale, Morocco), Jaanus Elts (EOS, BirdLife Estonia), Cyril Eraud (ONCFS, France), Levent Erkol (Doa Dernei, BirdLife Turkey), Virginia Escandell (SEO/BirdLife, Spain), Yves Ferrand (ONCFS, France),

Nick Folkard (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Lorenzo Fornasari (MITO2000, Italy), Nagy Gerg Gbor (Department of Nature Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture, Hungary), Valeri Georgiev (National Nature Protection Service, Ministry of Environment and Water, Bulgaria), Nabegh Ghazal Asswad (SSCW, BirdLife Syria), Gabriella Gcz (MME, BirdLife Hungary), Sergei Golovkin (Maltese Government Wild Birds Unit), Igor Gorban (Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Ukraine), Richard Gregory (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Phil Grice (Natural England, UK), Vitalie Grimalschi (Society for Bird and Nature Protection, Moldova), Marco Gustin (LIPU, BirdLife Italy), Haris Hadjistyllis (Cyprus Game and Fauna Service), Phillip Hall (CMS), Gerg Halmos (MME, BirdLife Hungary), Sad Hanane (Forest Research Centre/High Commission For Water, Forests and Combating Desertification, Morocco), Kate Hand (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Sarah Harris (BTO, UK), Ohad Hatsofe (Israel Nature and Parks Authority), Eli Haviv (SPNI, BirdLife Israel), Jan Havlek (Department of Zoology, University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic), Guidara Hela Selman (Point focal Tunisie CMS/ AEWA), Borja Heredia (CMS), Sebastian J Hidalgo de Trucios (Research Group on Wildlife, Game Resources, and Biodiversity (GIRFCB), University of Extremadura, Spain), Iben Hove Srensen (Danish Hunters Association), David Howell (CMS), Iordan Hristov (BSPB, BirdLife Bulgaria), Sevinj Humbatova (Baku State University, Azerbaijan), Miguel Aymerich Huyghues-Despointes (Direccin General de Calidad y Evaluacin Ambiental y Medio Natural, Spain), Petar Iankov (BSPB, BirdLife Bulgaria), Christina Ieronymidou (BirdLife Cyprus), Shadi Indary (Institute of the Environment, University of Balamand, Lebanon), Nidal Issa (LPO, France), Jos Manuel Jaquotot Saenz de Miera (Direccin General de Desarrollo Rural y Poltica Forestal, Spain), Ciaran O'Keeffe (Department of Arts, Heritage, Regional, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs, Ireland), Primo Kmecl (DOPPS, BirdLife Slovenia), Heikki Korpelainen (Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland), Petras Kurlavicius (Lietuvos Edukologijos Universitetas, Lithuania), Nicols Lpez-Jimnez (SEO/BirdLife), Habitat Solomon Jallow (WABSA, The Gambia), Frederic Jiguet (Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle, France), Lamin Jobaate (WABSA, The Gambia), Sven Kapelj (BIOM, BirdLife Croatia), Mohamed Lamin Kassama (WABSA, The Gambia), Nicos Kassinis (Cyprus Game and Fauna Service), Primo Kmecl (DOPPS, BirdLife Slovenia), Jelena Kralj (Institute of Ornithology CASA, Croatia), Pavlna Kuncov (Department of Species Protection and Implementation of International Commitments, Ministry of Environment, Czech Republic), Tatiana Kuzmenko (USPB, BirdLife Ukraine), Ganna Kuzo (USPB, BirdLife Ukraine), Lars Lachman (NABU, BirdLife Germany), Peter Lebersorger (Zentralstelle sterreichischer Landesjagdverbnde, Austria), Domingos Leito (SPEA, BirdLife Portugal), Teemu Lehtiniemi (BirdLife Finland), Siamion Levy (APB, BirdLife Belarus), Sandrine Liegeois (Department of Nature and Forests, Belgium), Herv Lorme (ONCFS, France), Gbor Magyar (Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Park, Hungary), Maija Marsh (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Benjamin Metzger (NABU, BirdLife Germany), Jakub Milczarek (Nature Conservation Department, Ministry of the Environment, Poland), Alexander Mischenko (Russian Society for Bird Conservation and Study, Birds Russia), Juan Carlos del Moral (SEO/BirdLife, Spain), Lara Moreno Zrate (Instituto de Investigacion

en Recursos Cinegeticos, Spain), Tony Morris (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Yves Muller (LPO, SEOF, France), Wim Mulli (Fondation Agir pour l'Education et la Sant), Kroly Nagy (MME, BirdLife Hungary), Renno Nellis (Eestimaa Looduse Fond, Estonia), Maxim Nemtchinov (APB, BirdLife Belarus), Alex Ngari (BirdLife Africa Secretariat/AEMLAP), Ebrima Njie (University of the Gambia), Modou Njie (WABSA, The Gambia), David Noble (BTO, UK), Timme Nyegaard (DOF, BirdLife Denmark), Jorge F Orueta (SEO/BirdLife, Spain), Panicos Panayides (Cyprus Game and Fauna Service, Ministry of the Interior), Jean-Yves Paquet (Ornithological Society Aves, Belgium), Will Peach (RSPB, BirdLife UK), Yoav Perlman (SPNI, BirdLife Israel), Danae Portolou (HOS, BirdLife Greece), Petra Quillfeldt (Justus Liebig Universitt Gieen, Germany), Ghassan Ramadan Jaradi (SPNL, BirdLife Lebanon), Ivn Ramrez (BirdLife Europe Secretariat), Liutauras Raudonikis (LOD, BirdLife Lithuania), Sami Rebah (AAO, BirdLife Tunisia), Wilmar J. Remmelts (Department of Nature and Biodiversity, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Netherlands), Jozef Ridzo (SOS, BirdLife Slovakia), Lars Rudfeld (Nature Planning and Biodiversity, Ministry of Environment, Denmark), Milan Rui (Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia, BirdLife Serbia), Malang Saar (Nature Communauts-Dveloppement, Senegal), Lamin Sanyang (WABSA, The Gambia), Darko Saveljic (Center for Protection and Research of Birds of Montenegro), Abdoulie Sawo (DPWM, The Gambia), David Scallan (FACE), Andrs Schmidt (Ministry of Agriculture, Hungary), Hans Schmidt Key dates April 5th June 2017: Draft 1 open for comments June October 2017: Draft 2 circulated and open for comments Additional work May October 2017: consultancy on emergency agri-environment schemes Barend van Early 2018 Turtle-dove Action Plan published (2018-2028)

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