ELEMENTS OF DESIGN Elements of design are tools.

ELEMENTS OF DESIGN Elements of design are tools.

ELEMENTS OF DESIGN Elements of design are tools. Just like the carpenter has a hammer and saw, the designer has the elements. There are 4 elements of design: Line, Form, Color, & TEXTURE. Texture is the

appearance or feel of a surface. Textures can create variety and interest in a room. There are two types of texture: 1. tactile 2. visual

Tactile Texture: Texture you can feel by rubbing your hand over it Visual Texture: Texture that you can see, but you cannot feel. Texture can

communicate different feelings in a room: Rough, hard, or coarse textures can create a more casual feeling in a room. Smooth, soft, or fine textures can create a more formal feeling in a room. Too many different kinds of texture in one room may cause confusion. Texture affects visual size

When furnishings with heavy or rough textures are used, they absorb more light than smooth textures. They do not reflect light throughout the room, so the room appears smaller. Using smooth textures, therefore, reflects more light and gives the illusion of a larger room space. Texture affects color The color of a surface is the result of some light waves being reflected from it, while other light waves are absorbed by it.

A rough surface absorbs much of the light that strikes it. The light that is reflected is cast off in various directions, creating shadows. The surface, therefore, appears darker. A smooth surface reflects much of the light that strikes it. The light is reflected in straight, orderly lines, and the surface appears lighter. Applying texture to smooth surfaces Decorative painting and faux finishes can give a flat surface a 3-dimensional, textured look.

Most techniques use paints and glazes with various types of brushes, sponges, rags, masking tape, plastic wrap, combs, feathers, etc. Faux finishes include surfaces

that resemble stucco, antique metal, brick, stone, leather, granite, and marble. Terms used to describe textures: Can you think of words that accurately describe texture? Imagine you are trying to describe the following items to someone who cannot see or touch them

Sandpaper Bricks Velvet A knitted blanket Glass Satin A pleated lamp shade

Texture Project Assignment 1. Find 10 interesting/dramatic tactile textures on surfaces around your home interior. 2. Lay a piece of paper over each surface and rub it with a pencil, crayon, or colored chalk . Use firm, even strokes until the pattern or texture shows through. 3. Creatively display your 10 textures on an 8 x 10 piece of paper, used horizontally or

vertically. 4. Title your project: TACTILE TEXTURES IN THE HOME 5. Put your name on the front of the project, and label each texture sample with its source. (i.e. soleplate of a steam iron or kitchen floor linoleum) TACTILE TEXTURES IN THE HOME

BY YOUR NAME Source Source Source Source Source Source

Source Source Source Source

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