The Principles of Design Balance Equalizing visual forces,
The Principles of Design Balance Equalizing visual forces, or elements, in a work of art
Symmetry Equal on both sides Asymmetry Unequal appeal
on both sides adds visual Radial Balance Rotates around a radius Approximate Symmetry Paintings
can be close to symmetrical and still be balanced Repetitio n Technique for
creating rhythm and unity in which a small idea or single element appears again and again. Click icon to add picture
Rhythm Indicates movement by the repetition of elements or objects. Created by repeating positive spaces separated by negative spaces.
Click icon to add picture Pattern Refers to a twodimensional decorative visual repetition. A pattern has little or no
movement and may or may not have a rhythm. Click icon to add picture Types of Rhythm & Pattern
Random Motif repeated in no apparent pattern, with no regular spaces. Regular Identical beats or motifs with equal
amounts of space between them. Alternating Add a second beat or motif Change spaces between beats motifs or
Flowing Repeating wavy lines Progressive Change in the beat each time
it is repeated a steady change with the beat different each time it appears Contrast Technique for creating a
focal point by using differences in elements. Moveme nt Create the look and
feeling of action and to guide the viewers eyes throughout the work of art. Emphasi
s Makes one part of a work dominant over the other parts. Click icon to add picture
Emphasis Cont. Focal point The first part of a work that attracts your eye
Harmony Creating unity by stressing the similarities of separate but related parts Proportio n Concerned with the
size relationshi ps of one part to another. Click icon to add picture Proportion Cont. Artists
can also use exaggeration, distortion and scale Variety Using many different elements or ideas to create interest Transition moves the eye from one part to another Gradation
shading of colors that create a sense of space or distance Unity The principle of design associated
with the arrangement of the elements of art to create a coherent whole Combination of similar colors, lines, shapes, etc. Types of Perspective Aerial perspective Technique
of creating an illusion of depth by depicting distant objects as paler, less detailed, and (usually) bluer than near objects. Frans Koppelaar
Landscape near Bologna One Point One vanishing point is typically used for roads, railroad tracks, or buildings viewed so that the front is directly facing the viewer.
Two-point Used to draw the same objects as one-point perspective, rotated with two vanishing points looking at the corner of a house, or looking at two forked roads shrink into the distance
Three-point Usually used for buildings seen from above or below using three vanishing points. This third vanishing point will be below the ground or in the sky above.
Processes & Media MEDIA Materials used to create art. These are not the tools.
PROCESS The way the artist uses a certain medium to create art. Can refer to tools or methods
DIMENSIONS TWO DIMENSIONAL Applying thin media to a flat surface. Has only height and width.
THREE DIMENSIONAL Using sculpt-able materials to create objects with height, width, and depth. Two Dimensional Media &
Processes Media Process es Paint Fabric Yarn Paper
Ink Pastel Fiber Photography Computer-Generated Drawing Painting Fiber Art Printmaking
Photography Three Dimensional Media & Processes Media
Clay Wood Glass Metal Stone Plaster
Textiles Fiber Art Ceramics Sculpture Architecture Subject Matter REPRESENTATIONAL
Landscape Portrait Still Life NONREPRESENTATION AL
Abstract Non-objective Art Criticism Georges Seurat (1884-1886) A Sunday on La Grande Jatte Oil on canvas
207.5 308.1 cm (81.7 121.3 in) Georges Seurat (1884-1886) A Sunday on La Grande Jatte Oil on canvas 207.5 308.1 cm (81.7 121.3 in) Art Criticism Step 1 - Description
Title/artist/date/size/ media/process/where (if known) Subject/objects Any info that you may know about the artist Step 1 - Description The painting shows a group of people standing around a beach or lake. The
clothes that the people are wearing are an older style. The skirts the women are wearing are large, and some of the men are wearing top hats. A man is sitting on the front left side wearing a baseball hat and a sleeveless shirt. There is a woman and a man on the right side, who are standing in the shade, with some animals around them, including a
dog. There are a number of people sitting around and looking at the water. Some of the women have umbrellas, although it is not raining. Some of the people are in the shade. Georges Seurat (1884-1886) A Sunday on La Grande Jatte Oil on canvas
207.5 308.1 cm (81.7 121.3 in) Art Criticism Step 2 - Analysis Based upon the MAIN elements/principles used not all of them Give a description of how those elements/principles are being used.
Give insight on why you think the artist used them in the manner you described above Step 2 - Analysis The painting shows a contrast of light and dark colors. The artist creates space by having the beach and people go back in the
painting. There are no real lines in the painting because it is painted in a pointillist style. The artist shows texture in the dresses and on the grass. The artist uses different color values for the clothes and on the grass to show the difference between the shaded area and sunny area. The painting shows
a realistic scene. Georges Seurat (1884-1886) A Sunday on La Grande Jatte Oil on canvas 207.5 308.1 cm (81.7 121.3 in) Art Criticism Step 3 - Interpretation
Describe what you think is the mood and/or meaning (both would be best, but only one, if well stated, will suffice) Step 3 - Interpretation I think that the painting is about people gathering
around outside on a nice day and looking at the water. Maybe they are all there on a weekend day. There are lots of people in the picture, some are sitting down and maybe having a picnic. There are some boats in the distance on the water and maybe the they
are watching a boat race. Georges Seurat (1884-1886) A Sunday on La Grande Jatte Oil on canvas 207.5 308.1 cm (81.7 121.3 in) Art Criticism Step 4 - Judgement
Give your opinion based on the three qualities of aesthetics (the nature and appreciation of beauty) 1. Literal basically can you tell what it is and are objects correctly represented 2. Formal are the elements/principles youve discussed used well
3. Emotional are you satisfied with the emotional response you have to the art Step 4 - Judgment I think that this is a good painting because the artist uses a different style to create the image and uses
a lot of different colors. The contrast between the shaded area and the light area shows that it is a sunny day. The artist uses different colors and values, and creates a unique texture through his style of painting.
Summary Remember your 5-6 sentence summary (since this was a lot of notes and ideas) Practice Art Criticism As
a group (your row) you will need one sheet of paper You will be assigned an image to criticize For your image, use a device to look it up and go through each step of the criticism process and give detailed reflections you will have 30 minutes You will present your responses and
Art samples 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Edouard Manet The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama Gustave Courbet Le Dsespr Johannes Vermeer The Milkmade Leonardo da Vinci The Virgin and Child with St Anne and St John the Baptist Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles d'Avignon Vincent Van Gogh Bedroom in Arles Andy Warhol Campbells Soup 1
Camille Pissaro La Rcolte des Foins, Eragny Edouard Manet The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama Gustave Courbet Le Dsespr Johannes Vermeer The Milkmade Leonardo da Vinci The Virgin and Child
with St Anne and St John the Baptist Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles d'Avignon Vincent Van Gogh Bedroom in Arles Andy Warhol Campbells Soup 1
Camille Pissaro La Rcolte des Foins, Eragny My Favorite Artist again!!! Just to reviewthe ten principles of design Balance Repetition Pattern
Contrast Rhythm Movement Emphasis Proportion Variety Unity John Constable, View on the Stour Near Dedham, 1822.
Oil on canvas, 51 x 74 inches Review: Explain what would be the primary purpose of each A B Follow all steps and be descriptive:
Claude Monet Flowering Garden at Sainte-Adresse c. 1866 Oil on canvas 65 54 cm Get out a Highlighter ELEMENTS 1.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Line Shape Form
Space Texture Value Color PRINCIPLES 1. Balance 2. Repetition 3. Pattern 4. Contrast
5. Rhythm 6. Movement 7. Emphasis 8. Proportion 9. Variety 10. Unity Art criticism outlining
Description Title Artist Date
Size Media/process Subject/objects Extra artist/genre info (if you have any) Analysis Describe how you see elements/principles used (not necessarily all of each) Describe why you think they are used that way Interpretation What is the mood/meaning Why do you feel that way
Judgment Literal do you like how the subject/objects are shown? Why? Formal do you like how the elements/principles from step 2 are used? Why? Emotional - do you like the mood/meaning from step 3? Why?
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