High Consequence Areas & Pipeline Assessment Intervals Is
High Consequence Areas & Pipeline Assessment Intervals Is there a need for change? Terry Boss Sr. VP Environment Safety and Operations Interstate Natural Gas Association of America Outline
Natural Gas and Transportation Management of Public Risk Results of the IMP Program Requesting Flexibility in IMP Program Schedule Ongoing Initiatives to Improve Performance Natural Gas and Transportation
Primarily Methane Hydrogen with some Carbon Swamp Gas Lower Density of Energy Gaseous
Locations of Supply is Diverse Locations of Market is Diverse Transportation by Pipelines is Most Feasible Bridge Fuel Primary Risk is Fire Lighter than Air Limited Ignition Range Heat Radiation based on Quantity Market and Population is Dispersed
4 The Natural Gas Industry Marketers Storage Commercial Residential Producers Majors
Independents 272,500 Gas Wells Industrial & Utilities Gathering Storage
30 Major Interstate Pipelines 1200 Distributors Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines More Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Information www.ingaa.org
Managing Public Risk Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Safety Development Pipeline Safety - Layers of Protection Example Regulations OPS 49 CFR 192/5 Codes
ASME B31.4/8 Standards NACE RP-0169 & RP-0502 API RP-1163 Close Internal Survey Direct Current Voltage Gradient Hydrotesting
Pipeline diameter d (inches) = 18 MAOP 1650 psig: PIR = 1000 ft MAOP 600 psig: PIR = 304 ft Pipeline diameter d (inches) = 30 MAOP 1000 psig: PIR = 655 ft 660 ft. r = 1009 ft.
660 ft. PIR = 0.69 pd2 20 houses within circle Pictorial of a High Consequence Area for Natural Gas Overlaid on the Class Location System Class 3
30 Pipeline 1010 psig Houses 660 ft HCA
14 Results of the IMP Program (PHMSA) Carlsbad Number of Significant Incidents
Number of Fatalities Number of Injuries Property Damage Hurricanes
Ongoing Performance Metrics -PHMSA INGAA Foundation Report Probability of Failure Types Failures Static Anomalies Detrimental Non - Detrimental
Time Independent Defects Excavation Damage Weather Terrorist Time Dependent Defects Corrosion Cracking Manage Time Dependent Defects Manage Time Dependent Effects
Inline Inspection Pressure Test Direct Assessment Other Approved Methods Integrity Assessment Technology Split
GAO Report (Sept 2006) Timeline For IMP Interaction of Baseline and Continuing Assessments Condition of gas transmission pipelines are better than original public perception
GAO concludes that 7 year reassessment period is conservative Requesting Flexibility in IMP Program Schedule Public Workshop to gather comments on Special Permit and Criteria Discussion for 7year Reassessments Location: Arlington, Virginia Jan 18, 2008
Congressional Testimony - March 2008 Number of Reportable Incidents Number of Immediate Repairs Number of Scheduled Repairs Ongoing Initiatives to Improve Performance
Anomaly Assessment and Repair Workshop - October 22, 2008 Conclusions Natural Gas is a Very Important Energy Source Flexible and Readily Available Bridge Fuel for Climate Change Energy Security Public Risk Can and Is Being Managed
Flexibility in the IMP Program is Very Desirable Commitment to Ongoing Improvement Background Material
COMPARISON OF INTEGRITY MANAGEMENT ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES FOR NATURAL GAS TRANSMISSION PIPELINES www.ingaa.org F-2007-09 NATURAL GAS PIPELINE SAFETY Risk-Based Standards Should Allow Operators to Better Tailor Reassessments to Pipeline Threats www.gao.gov GAO-06-945 Integrity Management Plan Metrics http://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/gasimp/PerformanceMeasures.htm PHMSA Workshops
Public Workshop to gather comments on Special Permit and Criteria Discussion for 7-year Reassessments http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/portal/site/PHMSA/menuitem.ebdc7a8a7e39f2e55cf2031050248a0c/? vgnextoid=4aeb8defc8de6110VgnVCM1000001ecb7898RCRD&vgnextchannel=5296519d7e818110VgnVCM1 000009ed07898RCRD&vgnextfmt=print
Cased Pipeline Integrity Assessment Workshop https://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/meetings/MtgHome.mtg? mtg=54 Anomaly Assessment and Repair Workshop https://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/meetings/MtgHome.mtg?mtg=55 Congressional Hearing The Pipeline Inspection, Protection, Enforcement, and Safety Act of 2006: Implementation Review and Discussion of Safety Reassessment Intervals for Natural Gas Pipelines; Subcommittee on Energy and Air Quality Wednesday, March 12, 2008 http://energycommerce.house.gov/cmte_mtgs/110-eaqhrg.031208.PIPE.shtml
normative stakeholder theory proposes that executives have responsibilities to all affected stakeholders, not just shareholders. some compelling rationales have been offered in support of normative stakeholder theory. the presuppositions upon which these rationales are built contrast in several ways to...
Calculating Ka from pH Percent ionization is another measure of acid strength. Percent ionization relates the equilibrium H+ concentration, [H+]eqm, to the initial HA concentration, [HA]0. The higher percent ionization, the stronger the acid. Percent ionization of a weak acid...
To Cognize is to Categorize: Cognition is Categorization Stevan Harnad We are sensorimotor systems who learn to sort and manipulate the world according to the kinds of things in it, and based on what sensorimotor features our brains can detect...
Developed by Sara Fraser. 3rd year Nursing Student. The University of Newcastle . Resilience. Learning Outcomes. ... Cultural Competence. How Can History help? "When we do not take time to critically think about our past, we risk evolving without a...
Dr. Winterton is interested in gaining a greater understanding of the state level implementation of Space Grant so she can be more effectively equipped to communicate the program within the Agency. We will work with her to develop a template...
With FCAT, writing was assessed only in 4th, 8th, and 10th grade; however, with the FSA, students will take the writing assessment each year beginning in 4th grade. Now more than ever, writing is a shared responsibility between ELA and...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!