How to Study The Bible: The Inductive Method Foundations of Knowing Him Crossroads Bible Church Spring 2004 I would rather lay my soul asoak in half a dozen verses all day long than I would, as it were, rinse my hands in several chapters. Oh, to bathe in a text of Scripture and to let it be sucked up into your very soul til it saturates your heart. The man who has read many books it not always a learned man, but he is a strong man who has read three or four books over and over til he has mastered them. Set your heart upon God's Word! It is the only way to know it thoroughly; let
your whole nature be plunged into it as cloth into a dye. - Charles Spurgeon What is the Inductive Method? The Inductive Method is a systematic process of observing, interpreting, and applying Scripture. Look Learn Love Observation
Interpretation Application What do I see? What does it mean? How does it work? Why use the Inductive Method? 1.
Its aim is transformation, not information 2. It gets you re-reading and musing over the text, which helps memorization 3. Its applicable to every encounter with Gods word (hearing sermons, meditation, etc.) 4. It structures your study and organizes your thoughts
5. It deepens our love for God and dependence on Gods Spirit to teach us His Word The aim of our charge is love that issues from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith (1 Tim. 1:5) Observation: Overview Identification Investigation Emphasized
Who? Repeated What? Related When? Alike Where? Unlike
Why? True to Life How? Identification: Overview Emphasized Amount of space, stated purpose, order, climax, progression, imperatives, conclusion (therefore) Repeated Terms, phrases, clauses, thoughts, characters, events, patterns, OT quote
Related General to specific, Q&A (rhetorical and regular), cause/effect, conditional statements (if/then), negative/positive, idea/explanation, action/manner Alike Similes, metaphors, comparisons Unlike Contrasts, irony True to life
Problems, goals, emotions (ask: how does this relate to my experience?) Investigation: Overview Who? Characters, names, pronouns What? Main point, cultural issues, argument, etc. When? Time, year, season, special days (festivities, etc.)
Where? Location, geography, origination, destination Why? Purpose, choice of words vs. others, timing of teaching How? Adverbs, way to obey, procedures Practice Jesus Feeds Five Thousand Matthew 14:13-21
What do you see? Matthew 14: 13-21 Now when Jesus heard this, he withdrew from there in a boat to a desolate place by himself. But when the crowds heard it, they followed him on foot from the towns.  When he went ashore he saw a great crowd, and he had compassion on them and healed their sick.  Now when it was evening, the disciples came to him and said, "This is a desolate place, and the day is now over; send the crowds away to go into the villages and buy food for themselves."  But Jesus said, "They need not go away; you give them something to eat."  They said to him, "We have only five loaves here and two fish."  And he said, "Bring them here to me."  Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass, and taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven and said a blessing. Then he broke the loaves
and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds.  And they all ate and were satisfied. And they took up twelve baskets full of the broken pieces left over.  And those who ate were about five thousand men, besides women and children. Observation Pointers Record your observations. Think with a pen (Jonathan Edwards). Dont skip observation because youll risk interpreting poorly and applying dangerously. Dont be discouraged if you dont know how to
answer your observation questions. Your first task is just to answer, what do I see? The better your observation, the better your interpretation, and the better your application. How to Study The Bible: The Inductive Method Step 2: Interpretation Foundations of Knowing Him Crossroads Bible Church Spring 2004 It ain't those parts of the Bible that I can't understand that bother me, it is the parts that I do understand. - Mark Twain
Total of all the books regarded by the Christian Church as belonging to the Bible Translation principle aiming for a thought for thought translation Analysis of a Biblical text to determine its meaning Explanation and description Translation principle aiming for a word for word translation Dialect of Greek that the NT was written in Jewish title for Hebrew Bible (the churchs OT) Science of the interpretation of literature Translations Which do I use? ESV
English Standard Version NASB New American Standard Bible RSV Revised Standard Version NIV New International Version KJV
King James Version NKJV New King James Version TNIV Todays New International Version Evaluating Translations Overall goal: Transparency to the original text a. Faithful to the original languages (does not change what it says) b. Presents itself in modern language with literary
beauty Translation Spectrum Dynamic thought for thought NLT Formal NIV
ESV NASB word for word Interpretation: Overview Learn Interpretation What does it mean? Content
Looking Context Comparison Culture Consultation Learning The Holy Spirit and the Word 1. The apostles delivered the NT not from their interpretation, but directly from revelation by God. (1 Cor. 13:132 Pt. 1:20)
2. We also can (and need to) rely on Gods Spirit to illumine our minds and hearts to fully grasp Scripture. (Psa. 119:33 2 Tim. 2:7) Key One: Content The important observations and summarizations from the text Content Gather observations, and pick important questions from you investigation to answer. Also, write a preliminary summary of the text youre studying. Practice Content Jesus Feeds Five Thousand
Matthew 14:13-21 What does it mean? Key Two: Context The text before and after the text of study Context Read the text before and after the one youre studying. Observe it: what light does it shed on what youre trying to understand? Consider what bearing the context has in many areas: literary, historical, cultural, geographic, theological, etc. Practice Context Jesus Feeds Five Thousand
Matthew 14:13-21 What does it mean? Key Three: Comparison Other relevant Scripture Comparison In a phrase, interpret Scripture with Scripture. Gods Word does not contradict but support itself. Look for other texts on the same subject, and see what they have to say. Practice Comparison Jesus Feeds Five Thousand Matthew 14:13-21
What does it mean? Key Four: Culture The customs and manners of that time period and location Culture The Bible was written in a completely different society than ours, with its own set of values, customs, manners, and so on. Interpret your text through the eyes of the original audience. Key Five: Consultation Other secondary sources pertaining to the text
Consultatio n Those believers truly gifted in teaching and related areas have produced a legion amount of helpful material. Much of this material is now available online tool. Practice Culture and Consultation Jesus Feeds Five Thousand Matthew 14:13-21 What does it mean? Matthew 14: 13-21
Now when Jesus heard this, he withdrew from there in a boat to a desolate place by himself. But when the crowds heard it, they followed him on foot from the towns.  When he went ashore he saw a great crowd, and he had compassion on them and healed their sick.  Now when it was evening, the disciples came to him and said, "This is a desolate place, and the day is now over; send the crowds away to go into the villages and buy food for themselves."  But Jesus said, "They need not go away; you give them something to eat."  They said to him, "We have only five loaves here and two fish."  And he said, "Bring them here to me."  Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass, and taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven and said a blessing. Then he broke the loaves and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds.  And they all ate and were satisfied. And they took up twelve baskets full of the broken pieces left over.  And those
who ate were about five thousand men, besides women and children. Interpretation Pointers Ask, what barriers are blocking my understanding of this passage? Be aware of fear of change or of conviction (like we saw in Mark Twains quote). Check out online resources (links will be posted online) Ask your spouse to hold you accountable to growing in inductive Bible Study Dont skip observation and go right to commentaries; they have great value but not before observation.
How to Study The Bible: The Inductive Method Step 3: Application Foundations of Knowing Him Crossroads Bible Church Spring 2004 "Nobody ever outgrows Scripture; the book widens and deepens with our years." - Charles Spurgeon Gods Interest Why is God utterly concerned with your application? Our Sake His Sake
Hes glorified! Perseverance Matt. 7:24-27 Refuge, Safe haven, Rock, Fortress Happiness (blessing) Rev. 22:7, Psa. 1 Fountain of life, Giver of good, Joyful Eternal security (assurance of salvation) 2 John 1:9, Matt. 7:21-23, Luke 8:15 Peaceful, Helpful, Holy, Faithful
Fulfill our destiny Eph. 2:10, John 15:16 Sovereign, Omniscient, Secure, Goodness Escape sins destructive effects 1 Thess. 1:8-9, 1 Cor. 11:30 Wrathful, Righteousness Christ and Our Obedience 1. Nothing tells more about our relationship with Christ than application Whoever has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who
loves me. 2. Application is the channel for us to experience Christ more And he who loves me will be loved by my Father. And I will love him and manifest myself to him. Typical, Bad Substitutions Interpretation for application (doctrine for doing)
Superficial obedience to substantive life-change Rationalization for repentance Emotional experience for volitional decision Conviction for change Talk for walk Busyness for obedience Application Questions
Is there an example for me to follow? Is there a sin to avoid? Is there a promise to claim? Is there a prayer to repeat? Is there a command to obey? Is there a condition to meet? Is there a verse to memorize? Is there an error to mark? Is there a challenge to face? Application Areas World Friends
Me God People Work ministry coworkers Neighbors World Family Nation outside Other U.S. acquaintances
Enemies unreached people Me People who(belief system) groups thoughts politics annoy/aggravate you attitudes Church government actions
Community missionaries emotions Those in need More Info Living by the Book By Howard Hendricks and William Hendricks
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