Webinar Effective deployment of Teaching Assistants Dee Reid
Webinar Effective deployment of Teaching Assistants Dee Reid Consultant to Download this presentation from http://bit.ly/DReid DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER The changing role of the SENCo Theres a lot going on! Evidence of research saying TAs are not effective at promoting learning The requirements of the new Code of Practice (Assess-Plan-Do-Review)
The Ofsted agenda DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER What do we want TAs to do? Foster the participation of all pupils in the social and academic practices of the school Help raise the standards and achievements of all pupils Encourage independent learning Those things will only happen if:
TAs are effectively lead and managed Teachers, TAs and SENCos liaise over joint planning and reviewing progress TAs receive relevant training (and are supported in implementing techniques acquired on training) DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Requirements of the Code of Practice Under the requirements of the Code of Practice, the class/subject teacher has overall responsibility for liaison between TA support and whole class goals and objectives. The SENCo has responsibility for the content and manner of the support needed. DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER
Deploying TAs Options for TA support: In-class support (group/individual) Small group intervention 1:1 intervention DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER What does research tell us about TA in-class support? Teaching Assistants classroom support Overall cost benefit = Very low/no impact for high cost
Toolkit of Strategies to Improve Learning Summary for Schools spending the Pupil Premium Steve Higgins et al. (University of Durham) DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Why might TA in-class support be linked with low attainment? Individual attention is provided by TAs but this is instead of individual attention from teachers.
Therefore, TAs do not provide additional support. B There is a danger that the most vulnerable learners spend much of the school day with the least qualified adults.t s Reassessing the Impact of Teaching Assistants Blatchford, Russell and Webster, 2012 DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Why might TA in-class support be linked with low attainment? TAs perform their role with little guidance from teachers because: Fewer than of teachers have been trained to manage TAs.
Only 1 in 20 Secondary schools had allocated planning or feedback time with TAs. The new Code of Practice will change that because teachers will be judged on how well they teach pupils with SEN. DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Making the most of in-class TA support Learning is the specific goal of the support (not just getting tasks done).
There is liaison with the class teacher on planning, deployment and review. TA support is not always associated with struggling learners. Strategies are in place for SEN pupils to develop independent learning skills (avoiding the dependency model where the TA is velcroed to particular pupils). TAs have prior knowledge of the objectives of the lesson in general. The TA is clear about the expected achievements of the allocated pupils. The TA is used in the lesson as a valued team member. DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Making the most of in-class TA support Use a staff meeting/e-communication to canvass teachers about what they most want from a Teaching Assistant.
Survey TAs to ask where they feel they have been most effective in promoting learning. Teachers share planning with TAs with clear guidance on what is expected of TA and pupils. Occasionally, teachers work with those pupils who need extra support while the TA monitors the rest of the class. DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER What does research say is effective?
Effective feedback to pupils had the highest overall cost benefit. It was found to enhance thinking and foster independence. (John Hattie Visible Learning for Teachers Routledge, 2012) SEN pupils are likely to benefit from more feedback than pupils without additional needs. Why is it not provided by TAs? Most TAs have not been trained to deliver this feedback. They are rarely given time to provide this feedback. What is the consequence of this for TA training? Toolkit of Strategies to Improve Learning Summary for Schools spending the Pupil Premium Steve Higgins et al. (University of Durham)
DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Making the most of in-class TA support Create checklists of What to do before asking for help to dissuade pupils from over-reliance on TA support. Have laminated cards of key topic words for the TA to show pupils each time the teacher uses the word. Train TAs to model the thinking process rather then just supply the answer. Teachers ask TAs to scribe main ideas in bullet points when teachers explain a new concept. DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER
Making the most of in-class TA support Give TAs a blank mind map of the topic/subject which they can add to each lesson so pupils see how bits of knowledge link together. Create observation sheets with TAs and use to identify particular aspects of learning pupils struggle with or what prompted off task behaviour. Discuss these observations in the end of lesson plenary. DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Making the most of in-class TA support
Create a checklist of enabling language to avoid closed statements e.g. Dont forget the full stop. and instead encourage independent learning e.g. What do you know about sentences? Provide question starters e.g. Which is the best answer? Why? What do you know already that could help you?
How could it be improved? DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER What does research tell us about 1:1 tutoring? One-to-one tutoring Overall cost benefit = Moderate impact for very high cost Toolkit of Strategies to Improve Learning Summary for Schools spending the Pupil Premium Steve Higgins et al. (University of Durham) DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Explanation of research findings
Why might TAs be more effective when delivering an intervention than when supporting in the classroom? Chances are: They know what theyre supposed to be doing. They feel confident in their skills. They see their own success job satisfaction. DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER How to make 1:1 interventions cost-effective?
TAs are trained to deliver the intervention. SENCos also attend the training. The chosen interventions have strong evidence of their effectiveness. The interventions are carefully monitored and the expectation is pupils will make double the rate of normally progressing pupils (i.e. 12 months progress in 6 months). Intervention learning and whole class learning objectives are shared between SENCo, teacher, TA and pupil (and parents). The intervention helps pupils acquire learning strategies and not just the ability to do isolated tasks. The learning in the 1:1 intervention is revisited in the classroom.
DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER SENCo /TA roles in the new Code of Practice Assess The class/subject teacher working with the SENCo should carry out a clear analysis of the pupils needs drawing on: Teacher assessment Information from the schools core approach to pupil progress Other subject teachers assessments This will determine whether the pupils will benefit most from:
In-class support Small group intervention 1:1 support DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER SENCo/TA roles in the new Code of Practice Plan SMT/Teachers/SENCos should create Action Plans which specify:
Where you want to go (short-term/longer term) Yes it will cost money! What needs to be done (to get pupils from A to B) The role of TAs in achieving those goals How much its going to cost DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Undertake an audit of current practice of TA deployment
Planning Working as a team Targeting support to learning Supporting professional development DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Examples of audits 2. Effective deployment of classroom staff (tda) The effective management of teaching assistants to improve standards in literacy and mathematics (Primary) DfES archived material 3. Maximising the Impact of Teaching Assistants Russell, Webster and Blatchford
1. www.teachingassistantresearch.co.uk DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Dont forget the Ofsted agenda The new Ofsted Inspection Handbook directs Inspectors to: a scrutiny of the impact and contribution of Teaching Assistants Inspectors will expect to see: Pupils who are not making the expecting level of progress receiving quality first teaching to meet their needs. TAs working with pupils across the ability range to avoid the association between TA and low attaining pupils TAs thinking on their feet i.e. if pupils are not making expected progress can the TAs re-think strategies for support or quickly provide alternative scaffolds for learning?
DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER For further training opportunities, take a look at our Supporting High-Quality SEND Teaching in the Classroom conference Taking place on the 28th January in London Key sessions being covered on the day include: TA Deployment: Train your classroom teachers to effectively deploy TAs and LSAs for maximum impact on progress Differentiation: Leave with a toolkit of proven strategies to help staff differentiate effectively in their classrooms Staff Training: Take away practical CPD and staff training programmes to upskill staff in your
school to successfully meet all needs Find out more at: www.oeconferences.com/SENDteaching DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER Questions & Answers Find more resources at http://www.optimus-education.com/knowledge-centre/sen-and-safeguarding Follow us @OptimusSEND DEVELOPING EXCELLENCE TOGETHER
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