Marine Corps Combat Fitness Working Group 15 November 2007 Agenda 2 BLUF History Way Ahead Service Comparisons Body Composition Military Appearance Combat Fitness Due Outs Key References BLUF CMC Decisions Retain Circumference Method De-link PFT from Body Composition Evaluation Incorporate Commanders Assessment Develop Military Appearance Program CMC Guidance
Body composition is not about fitness, its about appearance. Streamline Body Composition Assignment Process 60 day moratorium period Associate Combat Fitness Test with combat functions. Pick the best for the test. Recommending Program development way ahead Body composition standards Combat Fitness Test Methodology 3 History 1775-1908 No evidence of Physical Readiness Test (PRT) policy Pres. Roosevelt 1909-1917 Exec Ord Line Officers - 50 mi walk / Staff Officers - 90 mi horseback ride Conducted over 3 consecutive days 1918-1955 Walk/Ride suspended due to WWI. No evidence of PRT policy during this period Males 1956-1959 LtCol or below or <40 yrs Chin ups, Pushups, Situps, 1 min squat thrusts, Broad jump, 50 yd Duck Waddle, 880 yd run for 30-40 yrs (no time limit), 440 yd run for <30 yrs (Sat-<75 sec) Uniform Shorts, shirt, athletic shoes
Uniform Boots/ Utes, Weapon, Light marching pack Step Test, 20 Rope Climb, Firemans Carry, 1960-1968 Males Fire/Maneuver, 3M Forced March <40 yrs (regardless of rank) Males <46 yrs: Tested on 5 of 9 events (1 from each group, no advance notice on test events) 1969-1971 Grp I- Pullups, Pushups or 20 Rope Climb, Grp II-Situps or Leg Lifts, Grp III-Squat Thrusts, Grp IV-Broad Jump or Vertical Jump, Grp V-3M Run Uniform: Boots/Utes Females <35 yrs: 120 shuttle run, Vertical Jump, Knee pushups, 600 yd run/walk, Situps Uniform-Shorts, shirt, athletic shoes 1972-1974 Males <46 yrs: Pullups, Situps, 3M Run Females no change 1975-1996 Males <46 yrs: No change 1996 Males- No Kip Females <46 yrs: Flexed Arm Hang, Situps, 1.5M Run Females- 1.5M to 3M Run 1997 All Marines (regardless of age) take PFT, Situp to Crunch, Altitude waiver 2007 4 MCMAP Tan Belt min reqt for All Marines *Ref: USMC Historical Division Way Ahead
CG, TECOM decision brief Nov 07 MCCF Integrated Process Team IPC Nov 07 HQMC & OpFor stakeholders Publish POA&M Nov 07 Publish CMC White Letter Nov 07 MCCF Integrated Process Team Workshop Dec 07 Combat Fitness Test Experiment & Evaluation Group IPC Dec 07 MCCF Integrated Process Team MPC Jan 08 Combat Fitness Test Experiment Jan May 08 Interim implementation Mar 08 Promulgate MCO 6100.XX Body Composition Program Military Appearance Program MCCF Integrated Process Team FPC April 08 Comprehensive program implementation Jun 08 Promulgate MCO 1500.XX Physical Fitness Test Combat Fitness Test Revise MCRP 3-02A Marine Corps Combat Fitness 5 CMC Decision Concur_X_ Non-concur____
Service Comparisons DoD Standard (DoDInst 1308.3) Height/weight Established tables Body fat Male (18-26%) Female (26-36%) Body fat measurement Circumference method is the only accepted DoD standard 6 Service Comparisons U.S. Marine Corps DoD height/weight tables Measure body fat using circumference method Male (18%/PPE 22% w/1st class PFT) Female (26%/PPE30% w/1st class PFT) Marines exceeding body fat standards are assigned to the Body Composition Program (6 months) U.S. Navy DoD height/weight tables Measure body fat using circumference method Male (17-39): 22% Male (40+): 23% Female (17-39): 33% Female (40+): 34% Sailors exceeding body fat percentages are assigned to a weight loss program
7 Service Comparisons U.S. Army Male 17-20 (20%) 21-27 (22%) 28-39 (24%) 40+ (26%) Female 17-20 (30%) 21-27 (32%) 28-39 (34%) 40+ (36%) U.S. Air Force Air Force Fitness Program, by age (Weight is not utilized) 1.5 mile run Push Ups Crunches Body Composition (Points awarded relative to abdomen circumference)
Body fat percentages are not utilized. Abdomen girth produces a relative score which contributes to composite score. An Airman could be over fat, but achieve an AFFP passing score and not be placed on a weight loss program. The overall score is the determining factor. For accessions, the Air Force established a BMI score utilizing the DoD height/weight table. 8 BCP Actions (Current) Exceeds BCP standards and ineligible for PPE CO ltr to MO (Encl 1) Medical Evaluation No Medical Condition MO ltr to CO (Encl 2) 6105 CO ltr to SNM (Encl 3) Assigned to BCP Receives treatment Medical conditions, combat and pregnancy create
inactive status 9 Medical separation Month 4 MO ltr to CO (Encl 6) Medical Evaluation CO ltr to MO (Encl 5) Month 6 Medical separation Command Actions (1) Unit diary/MCTFS Entry (2) MCI 3316 Basic Nutrition (3) Remedial PT participation (4) Diet & exercise guidance (5) Bi-weekly BCE (6) Progress report/counseling CO ltr to SNM (Encl 7) Remove from BCP Meets Standards Granted 6 month extension (Satisfactory progress) Making progress 6105 Counseling Entry
Process for AdSep BCP failure SNM ltr to CO (Encl 4) 12-24 Months BCP Consequences (Current) 6105 Counseling Entry Notification of deficiencies Corrective action Consequences of failure Defined timeline Standards of Conduct Failure to make satisfactory progress while assigned to BCP 3.0-3.9 Adverse Fitness Report Item 8.b (Code F or RDNT) Item 8.f (Exceeds body fat standards) Section I Comment (Assignment to BCP during reporting period) Section I Comment (Failure to maintain acceptable military appearance) Section I Comment (PFT failure not reflected in MCTFS)
Process for Administrative Separation Par. 6215 MarCorSepMan Honorable or General (Under Honorable Conditions) When BCP failure is sole basis for separation 10 6206? Body Composition De-link PFT and tie BCP to military appearance Simplify assignment process and paperwork Single medical evaluation/determination Single form vice multiple endorsements Semi-annual requirement Marine Corps height/weight standards Body composition standards Circumference method (2 testers/3 tests (average of 6 tests) Commanders assessment considerations Appearance Performance Individual or photo evaluation PT uniform Service C BCP assignment 6 months (w/potential 6 month extension) Meets standard or administratively separated
Waiver for the exceptional Marine who exceeds standards, rare CG, M&RA waiver authority Eliminate Combat Zone BCP assignment automatic suspension CG, TECOM waiver authority 11 Body Composition COA 1 Males: 18-22% < 18% (Evaluated for Military Appearance Program) 18 - 22% (BCP or Military Appearance or Neither) > 22% (BCP only) Females: 26-30% < 26% (Evaluated for Military Appearance Program) 26 - 30% (BCP or Military Appearance or Neither) > 30% (BCP only) COA 2: Single point, adjusted by age Age 17-26 27-39 40-45 46+ Body Fat (M/F) 18/26% 19/27% 20/28% 21/29% < BC standard (Evaluated for Military Appearance Program) > BC standard (BCP) 12 CMC Decision COA 1___ COA 2_X_
Body Composition Identified PFT/BCP deficiencies 13 BCP remediation period BCP assignment initiation BCP early termination procedures BCP failure AdSep policy (EAS/retirement) Underlying medical condition or disease criteria Medical condition inactive status code PFT exemption for PLD RPCP requirement following BCP failure Clarify post-partum criteria and PES reporting requirements Post-combat PFT exemption Activated IRR/SMCR PFT/BCP AC application ACHCP/MO applicability to MFR AIRS Checklist Standardized training for BCE Evaluators MAP Actions (Proposed) Conduct height/weight evaluation Meets
Standards Conduct body fat evaluation No Yes Meets Standards No Commander conducts MAP assessment Yes MAP Components CO assessment SgtMaj oversight (Enlisted) XO oversight (Officers) Involved leadership Mentorship Remedial PT Diet/Nutrition Tobacco/Alcohol Cessation Healthy Lifestyle 14 Administrative Action (Derogatory) Remedial PT Wellness Program No
Assign to BCP (Derogatory) Remedial PT BCP BCP or MAP Performance Fitness Appearance Evaluation MAP Meets Standards 120-day evaluation Remedial PTP (Caution) 60-day evaluation/ Remedial PTP (Warning) MAP Consequences (Proposed) 60-day Letter of Notification 60-day Letter of Caution
6105 Counseling Entry (120-day) Notification of deficiencies Corrective action Consequences of failure Defined timeline Subjective Repeatable Quantifiable Understandable Standards of Conduct Failure to make satisfactory progress while assigned to MAP 3.0-3.9 Adverse Fitness Report Section I Comment (Assignment to MAP during reporting period) Section I Comment (Failure to maintain acceptable military appearance) Competency Review Board MAP assignment affects Promotion Assignment Retention 15 CMC Decision Concur_X_ Non-concur____
Combat Fitness Test Overview 15 Nov 2007 Terms of Reference Physical Fitness The Marine Corps considers physical fitness to be the ability of a Marine to meet the physical demands of any combat or duty situation without undue fatigue. Personal Fitness The level of personal physical fitness which affords protection from injury, reduces the risk of hypokinetic diseases (disease resulting from inactivity), psychological stress and maintains Marine Corps ethos. Vocational Fitness The level of physical fitness required performing a specific job safely and effectively under normal operating conditions. Combat Fitness Combat Fitness can be defined against the following criteria: Basic Combat Fitness. The minimum maintenance level of individual physical fitness linked to the physical demands associated with Marine Corps service requirements. Advanced Combat Fitness The level of physical fitness related to operational readiness, which is required to support the units operational mission. 17 Terms of Reference Cardiorespiratory endurance The ability of body systems to gather, process, and deliver oxygen. Strength The ability of a muscle to apply force. Speed The ability to minimize the time cycle of a repeated movement.
Power The ability of a muscle to apply maximum force in minimum time. Agility The ability to minimize transition time from one movement pattern to another. Flexibility The ability to maximize the range of motion at a given joint. Stamina The ability of body systems to process, deliver, store, and utilize energy. Coordination The ability to combine several distinct movement patterns into a singular distinct movement Balance The ability to control the placement of the center of gravity. Accuracy 18 The ability to control movement in a given direction or at a given intensity. Terms of Reference Combat Fitness Test: - The purpose of the CFT is to measure the physical fitness of Marines in a manner which specifically accounts for operational readiness, by using tests which reflect operational demands. 19 CMC Guidance
PFT remains PFT and CFT on same day CFT tests broad combat related tasks CFT counts Minimal equipment All hands Grenade Throw, Dynamic Entry, Maneuver Under Fire, Casualty Carry, Casualty Drag, Ammo Resupply 5 events Pass/Fail 20 Combat Fitness Test Field Layout 75 yds 50 yds Lines-Engineer tape or chalk 25 yds Width of field varies based on how many are being tested. For filming, 50 yards 50 yds Start 21 = Marker Cone Grenade Throw Test Procedure: -Marine assumes start
position -On command of monitor at start line, Marine throws 1lb medicine ball as far as possible. On follow-through, the Marines body may extend over the start line. -Throw must land within area of range fan to count -Second monitor in landing area records distance of throw from the indentation of the ball closest to the start line. -Second monitor calls mark to monitor at start line who records the mark and rolls medicine ball back to start line. -Marine being tested gets three attempts. -Furthest throw counts as score. 75 yds 50 yds Engineer tape or chalk marks Range Fan 25 yds Approx 30 Degrees Start 22 Starting position:
R Handed throwers-R Knee back, Left foot forward L Handed throwers-L Knee back, Right foot forward Uniform: Boots and Utes Equipment Needed: -1 lb medicine ball ->50 yd measuring tape -Engineer tape or chalk -Marker cones = Marker Cone Test Procedure: -Starting position is the Standing position. -On the command Begin, Marine sprints and touches line next toCone 2 with right hand. Then sprints back and touches line next t Cone 1 with right hand. Marine then sprints outside of Cone 2 and takes an inside path around Cone 3. Marine then proceeds through Cone 2 and bursts toward the finish. Dynamic Entry 5 yds 2 3 Equipment Needed: -Engineer tape or chalk -Marker cones -Stopwatch
5 yds 1 23 Uniform: Boots and Utes Start Starting position: Standing = Marker Cone Maneuver Under Fire (with Diagonal running) 75 yds 5 yds Turn around, Hit the deck 50 yds 5 yds 5 yd Increments Zig-Zag run 25 yds 25 yds Rise to Zig-Zag run High Crawl 25 yds Start 24
Starting position: Prone position High Crawl 25 yds Rise to straight line sprint Test Procedure: -Marine assumes prone position at start line -On command Begin, Marine covers a distance of 25 yds, using the High Crawl technique (on knees and elbows with head off ground). -At 25 yard mark, Marine rises and runs in zig-zag manner through cones as pictured: -Cones 5 yds apart in width and length -When 50 yd line is reached, Marine turns around, hits the deck and High Crawls back to 25 yard line. -At this line, Marine rises and sprints to finish. Uniform: -Boots and Utes -Elbow/knee pads and gloves optional Sprint 25 yds Equipment Needed: -Engineer tape or chalk -Marker cones
-Stopwatch = Marker Cone Maneuver Under Fire (w/ Straight Ahead running) 75 yds 50 yds Turn around, Hit the deck Sprint 25 yds 25 yds High Crawl 25 yds Rise to sprint Rise to sprint High Crawl 25 yds Sprint 25 yds Test Procedure: -Marine assumes prone position at start line -On command Begin, Marine covers a distance of 25 yds, using the High Crawl technique (on knees and elbows with head off ground). -At 25 yard mark, Marine rises and sprints to 50 yard line. -Marine turns around, hits
the deck and High Crawls back to 25 yard line. -At this line, Marine rises and sprints to finish. Uniform: -Boots and Utes -Elbow/knee pads and gloves optional Equipment Needed: -Engineer tape or chalk -Marker cones -Stopwatch Start 25 Starting position: Prone position = Marker Cone Casualty Carry 75 yds Starting position of Victim: Supine position with feet towards start line At 50 yd line, rescuer 50 yds lifts victim into the Firemans Carry position and sprints back to the start line. 25 yds On command Begin, rescuer sprints towards
victim Start 26 Starting position of Rescuer: Prone position Test Procedure: -Marines are paired up by size. For greater accuracy in pairing Marines, a scale can be used with 10 lbs the max difference allowed when determining pairs. In the case of extremely large Marines for whom there is no match in the group tested, extra weight (SAPI, etc.) will be put on the Marine who is closest to the bigger Marine in weight until the difference in weight is 10 lbs or less. -The starting position for the Rescuer is the prone Position at the start line. The victim is 50 yds away In the supine position with feet towards the start line. -On command Begin, the rescuer rises and sprints 50 yds to the victim. -The rescuer lifts the victim Into the Firemans Carry position and sprints back to the start line. Uniform -Boots and Utes Equipment Needed: -Engineer tape or chalk -Marker cones
-Stopwatch -Scale -SAPI as necessary Casualty Drag 75 yds Starting position of Victim: Seated position, back towards rescuer 50 yds 25 yds On command Begin, rescuer sprints towards victim Start 27 Starting position of Rescuer: Prone position At 50 yd line, rescuer lifts victim into the Buddy Drag position (underarm carry) and returns to start line. Test Procedure: -Marines are paired up by size. For greater accuracy in pairing Marines, a scale can be used with 10 lbs the max difference allowed when determining pairs. In the case of extremely large
Marines for whom there is no match in the group tested, extra weight (SAPI, etc.) will be put on the Marine who is closest to the bigger Marine in weight until the difference in weight is 10 lbs or less. -The starting position for the Rescuer is the prone Position at the start line. The victim is 50 yds away In the seated osition with back towards rescuer. -On command Begin, the rescuer rises and sprints 50 yds to the victim. -The rescuer lifts the victim into the Buddy Drag (underarm carry) position and sprints back to the start line. Uniform: Boots and Utes Equipment Needed: -Engineer tape or chalk -Marker cones -Stopwatch -Scale -SAPI as necessary Ammunition Resupply Test Procedure: -The starting position is the prone position. On the command Begin, the Marine rises, picks up two (2) ammo cans, sprints 25 yds and returns to the start line. The Marine changes
direction, Sprints to the 50 yd line and returns to the start line. The , Marine changes direction , sprints to the 75 yd line changes direction and sprints to the finish. At each change of direction, the Marine squats and touches ammo cans .momentarily on the deck 75 yds 50 yds Uniform: -Boots and Utes 25 yds Running lane point to point Equipment Needed: -Engineer tape or chalk -Marker cones -Stopwatch -Two (2) 5.56 ammo cans filled with dirt (20 lbs each) Start 28 Starting position: Prone position = Marker Cone Combat Fitness Test PHASE PLAN
PHASE 0- CMC directs CFT PHASE I-Test Procedure Development PHASE II-Data Collection PHASE III-Test Refinement/ Scoring Table Development PHASE IV-CFT Implementation Concurrent Actions: MRA develops Composite Score/FITREP CFT entries, MCO/ALMAR/IO Plan Development MCCFBCMAP IPC OCT 07 NOV 07 DEC 07 Interim report to EOS JAN 08 MCCFBCMAP PHASE VAssess FPC FEB 08 MAR 08 APR 08 MAY 08
JUN 08 PHASE HIGHLIGHTS PH 0 (Oct-Nov 07) CMC directs CFT with possible events as follows: Grenade Throw, Dynamic Entry, Maneuver Under Fire, Casualty Carry, Casualty Drag, Ammo Resupply PFT remains as semiannual reqt, CFT is pass/fail and limited to five (5) events PH I (Nov 07) TECOM G-3/Safety, MACE, MCWL develop testing procedures Combat Camera films tests PH I ends following CG TECOM reviews of tests and approval for widespread data collection PH II (Dec 07Mar 08) Data Collection (Performance, Injury, test administration) sites: -TECOM (ELT and Skill Progression MOSs) : MCES, MCCSSS, FLW, MATSG-21, SOIs, MCRD PI (Female Permanent Party) -OPFOR: 7th MAR, MACG-28, CLR-3 -Other: H&S Bn Quantico, Henderson Hall PH II ends following data collection representative of gender and age demographics PH III (Apr-May 08) MCWL develops scoring tables based on data collected/Tests refined as necessary (Safety parameters, etc.) PH III ends following CMC approval PH IV (Jun 08) USMC-wide implementation, CFT becomes 2d half CY-08 training requirement PH V 29
Continual assessment of injury data, promotion effects, etc. Due Outs IPC Considerations Design Implementation POA&M Products White Letter MarAdmin MCO P6100.12 Revision (BCP/MAP) Develop MAP Correct BCP deficiencies MCO 1500.X Development (CFT/PFT) MCRP 3-02A Revision (Commanders Tool) AIRS Checklist Revision 30 Key References 31 DoDDir 1308.1 DoDDir 1308.3 MCO P6100.12 MCRP 3-02A AIRS Functional Area 350
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