Recasting REPEATING THE RIGHT THING Caroline Bowen PhD CPSP Speech-Language Pathologist www.speech-language-therapy.com Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen ONE repeat! When parents and teachers hear children make little speech errors they often correct the
child by providing a SPEECH MODEL. Child: I made the lello leaf! Adult: You made the yellow leaf, did you? The right thing(yellow) is modelled ONCE. This type of MODELLING is called recasting. When it happens in a conversation it is called
conversational recasting. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Conversational recasting Child: He swimmed so fast! Adult: He did! He swam fast! Child: I bumped my mouf! Adult: Oh! Your poor mouth. Child: Mummy dergot!
Adult: Mummy forgot did she? Child: Does that man work at the hostable? Adult: Yes, at the hospital. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Recasting is best done: Naturally as opportunities arise Around topics that interest the child Around topics the child has started, e.g.
Child: Daddy, I want a Superman tape. Daddy: A Superman cape? You do? Giving the target word a little extra emphasis Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Too much Child: Superman emphasis is not tape
much help! Adult: Superman Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen ca pe Superman
cape Overemphasising the or saying it too loudly word, distorts and changes the word and turns it into a poor model Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen
Superman cape sound, Overemphasising a or saying it too loudly distorts and changes the
sound and turns it into a poor model Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Child: Daddy, I want a Superman tape. Father: A Superman cape? You do? This is a natural, tactful way to correct that works well for a typical speech-learner. Children with speech sound disorders need more powerful, focused recasting. Thats where frequent recasting comes in.
Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Frequent Recasting is a simple, effective means of helping children to learn To produce new sounds To produce new syllables To produce new words To speak more clearly
Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Make sure the child is listening interested in the topic engaging in adult-child joint attention not urged repeat given space to store the word in good listening conditions
Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Good listening conditions Minimum background noise Joint attention Joint interest Face-to-face Speech-rate on the slow side
Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Poor listening conditions Background noise Divided attention Child not interested in the topic Not face-to-face e.g., parent driving
and child in the back seat Rapid speech rate Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Having heard the adults model, the child does NOT have to imitate it. The whole idea of recasting is for the child simply to hear the adult model. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen
Another reason NOT to urge the child to imitate the model is that it gives the child an opportunity to listen to, think about, and store the way the adult says the word. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen If we do something like this:
Child: I want a Superman tape. Adult: A Superman cape. Adult: Now you say it the child will repeat the error, missing out on listening properly to the sound of the word thinking it inside his or her head storing the correct pronunciation Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen To increase the effect of recasting, when you notice you have recasted,
remember to do it again, once, twice or three times, later the same day, with the same target in mind. Dont overdo it, or it will lose its impact (saliency) and drive everyone nuts! Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen aim for 12 to 18 recasts per minute for 3 or 4 minutes of a day
cape cape cape cape The word frequent in frequent recasting means recast 12-18 times within a minute for 3-4 minutes of the day in aggregate. That is 1 minute the first time, 1 minute the
next time, 1 minute the 3rd time, and one minute the 4th time (if there is a 4th time). It does not mean recast like this constantly throughout the day. If you do it too much, the fun will go out of it and it will lose effect. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen 12 to 18 recasts a minute!
Twelve to eighteen can seem a lot! BUT ITS EASY! Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen 12 to 18 recasts within a minute (initial /k/) Child: Daddy, I want a Superman tape. Adult: A Superman cape. You do? Cape,
cape, cape, cape, cape. A Superman cape. Now, what colour is Supermans cape? Is it a blue cape, or a black cape, or a white cape or a stripy cape, or a spotty cape (12) or a red cape? Yes, a red cape! So we need red cape material. Do you want it to be a long cape or a short cape? Youre going to have to tell me how it should be because I havent made a cape (18) before. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen
Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen 12 to 18 recasts within a minute (initial /k/) Child: Tan I tate that tar home? Adult: Can you take my car home? Oh no! Not this car! Its my special car. I dont lend this favourite car to anyone! This little car stays right here. Oh I do love this little car, car, cardee car, car car! Its the best little car, car, cardee car, car car in the whole wide
world. Do you have a special car (18) at home? Tell me about your favourite car. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen 12 to 18 recasts within a minute (initial /f/) To get your recasts in use nonsense and fun! Fee, fie, foe, fum Fire fire here I come! Fee, fie, foe, fay
Fighting fires every day. Fee, fie, foe, foo Come and fight some fires too. (18) Try multiple repeats of verbs as an action occurs: faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster, faster (18) Use suitable pictures, games, and stories. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Materials and Ideas
Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen king kicking a cup, cuddling a cat, catching a cabbage, camping, cutting carrot, carrying cases Thursday, February 13, 2020 Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Thursday, February 13, 2020
Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen Snakes and ladders for final /s/ and /z/. Go Fish, Snap, Magnetic Fishing, etc adapted for speech targets Surf Smurf jumping off a roof for final /f/. Copyright 2011 Caroline Bowen
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