Staromakedonsko slogovo pismo "^ERTI I RESKI" - KOINE

Staromakedonsko slogovo pismo "^ERTI I RESKI" - KOINE

ROSETTA STONE THE MONUMENT OF SCRIPT AND LANGUAGE Tome Boshevski, MASA Aristotel Tentov, FEEIT http://rosetta-stone.etf.ukim.edu.mk Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 1 Introduction Basic characteristics of the script Identified signs Algorithm for wiring for sound Few grammatical rules Transliteration and English translation of rows

22 to 32 Our readings and archeological evidences Naming the gods in the different languages Naming the different nations and citizens of towns Different way of communication with different nations Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov Analysis of the Tome last three orders in the demotic 2 The Rosetta Stone Rear view Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov

3 Introduct ion Front view The middle text on the Rosetta Stone Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 4 Introduct ion Basic characteristics of the script

Basic characteristics of the script used to write the middle text There are no punctuation signs in nowadays sense; Text is written in a continuous sequence of signs, without spaces in between; Hieroglyphic and demotic (middle) text are written and are reading from right to left; The script used for writing of the middle text is syllabic, with a few pictographic symbols used; Syllables are exclusively of the consonant-vowel type; A procedure for writing isolated consonants is very simple;

Additional signs Tome Tentov areBoshevski, usedAristotel for writing isolated 5 vowels and Identification of the syllabic signs Asymmetrical syllabic signs Basic characteristics of the script Every sign has 8 dispositions on the writing surface

Symmetrical syllabic signs Inclined syllabic signs Every sign has 4 dispositions on the writing surface Specific syllabic sign Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 6 Writing of isolated consonants Signs for writing isolated vowels Pictographic signs Writing of ligatures Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov

7 Basic characteristics of the script Wiring for sound of signs OUR MAIN ASSUMPTION: In a particular language the wiring for sound of consonants and vowels does not change for a very long time period Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 8 Wiring for sound of signs Definition words for sound value of identified signs

Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 9 Wiring for sound of the signs Wiring for sound of syllabic signs Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 10 Wiring for sound of the signs Wiring for sound of signs for isolated consonants Wiring for sound of signs for isolated vowels

Wiring for sound of pictographic signs BOGO GOSPODA Wiring for sound of ligatures Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 11 Few grammatical rules Writing superlatives of adjectives Writing the plural of nouns Non-defining and defining form of nouns Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov

12 Masculine and feminine forms of nouns Active and passive form of verbs Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 13 Names of territories and peoples We manage to identify the names of territories: ee om left to right:

uivalent in English: Lower Egypt Upper Egypt We manage, also, to identify the names of nations: Egypt (Beautiful Land) ee ee From left to right: ee

quivalent quivalent in English: Those of Set (supreme God of Lower Egypt) Those of Upper Egypt Children of Great Mother Supreme Goddess We manage to identify the names of ethnic groups, as well: From left to right: quivalent quivalent in English: Peoples from Upper land of Great Mother These Danai of Upper Egypt Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 14

These Danai Names of cities, citizens and worshipers We manage to identify the names of the following cities: ee ee ee ee m left to right: ee ee ee ee ee ee

valent in English: The main City of Egypt (Alexandria); The City of soil (Ptolema The city of Great Mother (Thebe); The city of creator of wo (Lycopolis); The City of palaces of soul of Ptah (Memphis) We manage to identify the names of the following citizens and cult worshipers: a m left to right: valent in English: Young ones of (moon) light; Citizens of (city) of Creator (Lyc Citizens of (city) of soul of Ptah (Memphis) Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 15 Characteristic examples Row

XXII Row XXIII Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 16 Naming the gods among different nations Naming the gods In the text we found the names of two supreme Egyptian gods in origin The god of the Egyptian from Upper Egypt Ananetsa, and we call him th

Ananeta the goddess of the Sun ray In the text we found the opposite case as well: the name of the Ancient Macedonian god, and how is he called by the ancient Egyptians Our God Ho, you call him the master and call him the master of the script hard Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 17 fferent ways of communications with different nations In 18th raw of the demotic text we found a following phrase: n English: To the stone construction (temple) of the God Ananetsa of the Egyptians from Upper Egypt, and he is called the one who is beloved by the children of the Great Mother Goddess and the God Jo (God of the animals) [sacred animals Children of the Great Mother Goddess and the God Jo are actually the sacred animals

English translation in [6] in a corresponding place (raw 30) of ancient Greek text nd: o the [Bull] Apis, and to [the Bull] Mnevis he hath given many gifts, and to the d animals in Egypts .. .. Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 18 ysis of the last three orders (end of 31 st and complete 32n Analysis of the first order English: We ordered, on the Upper Egypt mind of the Ptah on the Lower Egypt the mos necklace of necklaces, to be made of stone Great mother of ours of the moon (light) young ones, lord of the fortress commander(s)

In English: From the town on the stone built, called the necklace of necklaces of the Egyptians from Upper Egypt, our light our the most necklace of necklaces bright Corresponding text in ancient Greek is missing, and English translation is the following: And member of the laity shall be permitted to celebrate the festival, and to set up and maintain in their houses shrines similar to the aforesaid shrine, and to perform the ceremonies which are prescribed for the festivals both monthly and Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov annually, in order that it may be well known that in Egypt men magnify an 19 Analysis of the second order In English:

In temple ordered to be made of stone into stone constructions (temples) of: God Snake of the Mouth, the God of Aswan and our God, in yours most respected the main city of Egypt, yours most respected into all of the Sinai, yours most respected (the) greatest god Cho of Thnani Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 20 nalysis of the last order and the end of the text In English: Ordered to be on stone embroidered (written) (with, using): the Supreme (High) Priests, the Alive Masters, and at the end the Danai scripts in stone hard. The Pharaoh, protector and descendant of sun ray (sparkle) of our name. ccording to [6]

the English translation of the text presented in second and third order is nd the Decree shall be written upon a tablet of hard stone in the writing of the words of he god, in the writing of letters (or, books) and in the writing of the Ionians, and they sh et it up in the first temples, [and] in the second temples, [and] in the third temples, clos he gold statue of the ever living Pharaoh According to [6] the English translation of the corresponding ancient Greek text is: And this Decree shall be inscribed upon stela of hard stone in holy, and in native, and in Greek letters, and [a stela] shall be set up in each of the temples of the first, second, an hird [class] near the image of the ever living King. Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 21 alysis of the texts on artifacts found in R. Macedonia stone above the water spring found in the area of Kokino, dated 3000 years b In English: Water is Gods Vo, those people should drink it.

One of the stones from the stone necklaces found in Mariovo area, dated 3000 y. b.c In English: The most (best) soul of Danai, and Ghinos (supreme) God (the one who sees everything) We base this assumption on the fact that almost the same form is found in one of the hieroglyphic signs used in the name of the Egyptian God Ananetsa (Osiris) Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 22 sting proposed methodology on texts from Vincha e try to apply our methodology on two texts on artifacts from Vincha In English: Are (believe) in theirs God; All of their God

??? n English: In ??? city they was signing (term for some specific kind of) songs and they the best for them (their bests) Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov 23 CONCLUSION Beside the consonant, for the first time we are proposing that the vowels shall be wired for sound as well; Consequently, we obtain uniqueness in writing and/or reading; We identify and wire for sound 27 consonants and 8 vowels; By implementation of our methodology we identify nouns in singular and in plural form, in non-defining and in defining form, adjectives in basic and in superlative form, active

and passive form of the same verbs, masculine and feminine forms of nouns, etc.; Our readings are justified with archeological evidences; In the three texts on the Rosetta stone the pharaoh communicate with three different ethnic communities of those days Egypt , and use different styles and approaches according to their religions and social status; The middle text contains many more details compared with ancient Danai text written with uncial alphabet; According to these results we can conclude that the middle text Tome Boshevski, Aristotel Tentov on the Rosetta stone 24

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