Station #9: Types of Concentration Camps and The Ghettos

Station #9: Types of Concentration Camps and The Ghettos

Station #5: Types of Concentration Camps and The Ghettos The Ghettos Definition: any section of a city or town in which members of a minority group live or are restricted by economics or discrimination. The first ghetto was established in Venice in 1516 when the Church ordered that walls be built around the Jewish Quarter. The word ghetto means foundry or iron works. In Venice, the ghetto was near a foundry that produced cannon balls. The establishment of ghettos was the first step in the Nazi extermination plan for the Jews of Eastern Europe. They served as assembly and collection points for Jews. More than 800 ghettos were established by the Nazis in Eastern Europe. MAJOR JEWISH GHETTOS COUNTRY POPULATION Amsterdam Netherlands 100,000

Bedzin Poland 27,000 Bialystok Poland 35 - 50,000 Budapest Hungary 70,000 Chernovtsy Romania 50,000 Grodno Poland 25,000 Kovno / Kaunas

Lithuania 40,000 Krakow Poland 19,000 Lida Belorussia 9,000 Lodz Poland 205,000 Lublin Poland 34,000 Lvov Ukraine 110,000

Minsk Belorussia 100,000 Radom Poland 30,000 Riga Latvia 43,000 Salonika Greece 56,000 Shanghai China 10,000 Ternopol

Ukraine 12,500 Theresienstadt Czechoslovakia 90,000 Vitebsk Belorussia 16,000 Vilna Lithuania 41,000 Warsaw Poland 400 500,000 Jews at forced labor constructing the wall around the Krakow ghetto. 1941 Polish and Jewish laborers construct

a section of the wall that separated the Warsaw ghetto from the rest of the city. Types of Concentration Camps Labor Camps Prisoner of War Camps Transit Camps Extermination Camps Extermination Camps 100,00 0 Victims Camp Deaths Survivors Auschwitz-Birkenau 1.1-1.6 million 7,000 Belzec 600,000

2 Chelmno 152,000 2 Majdanek 170-235,000 <600 Sobibor 250,000 50 Treblinka 870,000-925,000 <100

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