Strategies used by the Federalists in the struggle for ...
The Federalists Lesson 14 LESSON OBJECTIVES EXPLAIN KEY ARGUMENTS OF THE FEDERALISTS DISCUSS THE RATIFICATION PROCESS TAKE AND DEFEND A POSITION ON THE RELEVANC AND VALIDITY OF FEDERALIST ARGUMENTS TODA
STRATEGIES USED BY THE FEDERALISTS IN THE STRUGGLE FOR RATIFICATION SPEED WAS OF THE ESSENCE THEY WANTED TO ORGANIZE MORE QUICKLY PENNSYLVANIADECEMBER 1787 WESTERN PART OF THE SATE COULD NOT ORGANIZE QUICKLY ENOUGH RATIFICATION WAS A DIFFICULT BITTER BATTLE NEW YORK WAS PARTICULARLY DIFFICULT
TO HELP JAY. HAMILTON AND MADISON WROTE ESSAYS AND LETTERS UNDER THE NAME PUBLIUS USED IN VIRGINIA ALSO FEDERALISTS USED SKILLED METHODS They present ideas in a way most Americans understood The suggested that the Constitution was a clear, well organized plan for the national government
The did not press the compromises or debates that took place The called it a new science of politics meaning the Anti-federalists were outdated RESPONDING TO THE FEARS OF THE ANTI-FEDERALISTS Many Americans agreed that a republican form of government would be
difficult for a large, diverse nation. History supported their concerns Republics had not faired well as they grew large Transformation of Rome from republic from monarchial empire How to solve the problem? Madison in Federalist No. 10 Faction is the greatest danger Turned Classical Republicanism upside down Deals with those who promote their own self-interest over common good
What is common good Does this still happen? DEALING WITH FACTIONS. If faction is a minoritythe majority would outvote them in a democracy Does this change modern day views about minority views If faction is the majority risk of majority tyranny in a democracy
How do we figure out what is then good for the republic? Madison: Large nation too many factions lead to no majority More fit characters to lead Good representatives enlarged or refined the constituents views, rather than just merely representing them. A republic could defect faction and representatives would see past narrow views
CENTRAL ARGUMENTS OF FEDERALISTS Civic Virtue cannot be relied upon as the sole support for government Danger to common good is selfish interests For centuries philosophers argued that a republican gov. needed civic virtue: common good above self interest Delegates felt civic virtue was not reliable State legislatures had passed laws helping those in debt while hurting
their creditors -- create property issues Constitution does not rest on civic virtue alone Federalists: unrealistic to expect those living so apart to sacrifice for others CENTRAL ARGUMENTS OF FEDERALISTS Constitutional checks and balances/sep of powers is the
best way to promote republicanism Believed that the way Senators and Representatives were elected would all ow for good government Filtering the peoples vote through the Electoral College ensured that the most capable people would be elected. Madison argued that State legislatures passed too many laws MORTONS CUSTOM DESIGNS
Representation of different rights will protect basic rights Legislative Branch: House: Represents the peoples interests as the are elected from small congressional districts Senate: Protects state interests as they are selected by State legislatures Executive Branch: President guards that national interests Electors chose him/her from the top choices Judicial Branch:
Ensures good judgement in national government Independent of political manipulation Answers only to the Constitution -- people when impeached RESPONSE TO A BILL OF RIGHTS National Government exercises only enumerated rights Nothing gave National Government authority over
individuals Bill of Rights implies the government has rights the Constitution does not give it Popular sovereignty give the people the power The people can remove those who abuse their SUCCESS OF RATIFICATION June 1788 9 states had voted to ratify
Neither Virginia or New York at that time had ratified Wealthy states Large populations Needed for the nation to survive Key geographical locations slit the nation in two New York was Americas primary commercial hub Compromise: Agreement to add a bill of rights during the first meeting of Congress Virginia June 26, 1788 89-79
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