Structure Building

: Syntax: Advanced Forays Extensions & Reflexions Marcel den Dikken Department of English Linguistics ELTE SAFE 7 Nominal Typology 3 SAFEty First clauses (IPs) of all types, whether finite or non-finite, ar required to have their SpecIP position occupied (EPP) in the absence of an overt occupant of SpecIP, this requirement is satisfied by a silent subject PRO (in non finite control clauses as large as CP) or NP-trace (in the IP complement of raising verbs) PRO is specified as [+anaphoric, +pronominal], and thereby completes the matrix of nominal categories NP-trace occupies the [+anaphoric, pronominal] cell of the typology of nominal elements in this segment, we will discover that the [anaphoric, +pronominal] member of the typology also has a silent counterpart the null pronoun pro

SAFE 7 Nominal Typology 4 PRO fits into the typology of nominal types as the filler o the [+anaphoric, +pronominal] cell of the matrix PRO is necessarily silent (or null) because it is assigned null Case by the C-head of the clause in which it occu Q do the other cells in the matrix of nominal types feature null forms, too? the NP-trace in raising constructions is the perfect null category to fill the [+anaphoric, pronominal] cell ry tried [CP C [IP PRO to kiss herself/*oneself]]] y seemed [IP t to kiss herself/*oneself]] Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pronouns

[pronominal] anaphors names SAFE 7 Nominal Typology 5 why do we write PRO in all-caps?? is there also a null category called pro?? Q do the other cells in the matrix of nominal types feature null forms, too? it turns out that indeed there is an empty category pro and it fills the [anaphoric, +pronominal] cell of the mat ry tried [CP C [IP PRO to kiss herself/*oneself]]] y seemed [IP t to kiss herself/*oneself]] Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric]

[+pronominal] PRO pronouns [pronominal] NP-trace names SAFE 7 Nominal Typology 6 why do we write PRO in all-caps?? is there also a null category called pro?? Q do the other cells in the matrix of nominal types feature null forms, too? it turns out that indeed there is an empty category pro and it fills the [anaphoric, +pronominal] cell of the mat ry tried [CP C [IP PRO to kiss herself/*oneself]]] y seemed [IP t to kiss herself/*oneself]] Nominal Types

[+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pro [pronominal] NP-trace names SAFE 7 Nominal Typology *the he *the John neither pronouns nor proper names combine with articles in English but note that while this is probably universally true for pronouns, for proper names it is not * az %

a Jnos * er der % der Hans Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pronouns [pronominal] anaphors names 7 SAFE 7 Nominal Typology

8 *thethat he I know now is quite different from the he/him of my youth *the John that I know now is quite different from the John of my youth neither pronouns nor proper names combine with articles in English but note that while this is probably universally true for pronouns, for proper names it is not * az % a Jnos * er der % der Hans Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal]

PRO pronouns [pronominal] anaphors names SAFE 7 Nominal Typology 9 *thethat he I know now is quite different from the he/him of my youth the John that I know now is quite different from the John of my youth we want to give proper names the capacity in principle to combine with an article but pronouns should be radically prevented from taking an article * az % a Jnos * er

der % der Hans Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pronouns [pronominal] anaphors names SAFE 7 Nominal Typology 10 *thethat he I know now is quite different from the he/him of my youth

the John that I know now is quite different from the John of my youth we want to give proper names the capacity in principle to combine with an article Gianni mio il mio Gianni * az % a Jnos * er der a proper name is a noun that usually moves to D but sometimes stays put but a pronoun is a D, hence can never be lower than D % der Hans Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal]

PRO pronouns [pronominal] anaphors names SAFE 7 Nominal Typology [DP [D D[NP N]]] John a proper name is a noun that usually moves to D but sometimes stays put % a Jnos % der Hans Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric]

[+pronominal] PRO pronouns [pronominal] anaphors names 11 SAFE 7 Nominal Typology [DP [D D[NP N]]] he *he whats in NP in the structure of pronouns? an empty category called pro a proper name is a noun that usually moves to D but sometimes stays put but a pronoun is a D, hence can

never be lower than D Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pronouns [pronominal] anaphors names 12 SAFE 7 Nominal Typology [DP [D D[NP N]]] he pro whats in NP in the structure of pronouns?

an empty category called pro note that pronouns in English sometimes combine with an overt noun phrase to form the pronounnoun construction literature students generally dont like [us linguists] very much [DP [D D[NP N]]] uslinguists Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pronouns [pronominal] anaphors names 13

SAFE 7 Nominal Typology [DP [D D[NP N]]] he pro 14 whats in NP in the structure of pronouns? an empty category called pro pro and PRO are different creatures in our nominal typology PRO occurs as the subject of non-finite clauses pro in English only occurs inside pronominal noun phrases Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pro

[pronominal] anaphors names SAFE 7 Nominal Typology 15 the empty category PRO is licensed iff (a) and (b) hold (a) PRO is in an environment in which it cannot be bound (b) PRO gets a special null Case from the null C-head o the non-finite clause the empty category pro is licensed iff pro is in a local relationship with a functional head that is equipped with person/number features that serve effectively, this confines the distribution of pro in English identify theposition person/number features pro

to thetocomplement of a D filled with aofpronoun Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pro [pronominal] anaphors names SAFE 7 Nominal Typology 16 with the [anaphoric, +pronominal] cell of the typology now firmly filled with pro, there remains one cell for which we have not come across an empty candidate yet

Q does the [anaphoric, pronominal] cell have an empty category in it, too? it turns out that indeed there is an empty category for this cell of the matrix we will turn to it after addressing some remaining questions about non-finite clauses Nominal Types [+anaphoric] [anaphoric] [+pronominal] PRO pro [pronominal] NP-trace names SAFE 7

SAFE Deposits 17 so far, we have seen that: the typology of nominal elements is defined by two binary features, [+anaphoric] and [+pronominal] for overt noun phrases, only three of the four cells of the matrix have fillers: anaphors, pronouns, and names; the [+anaphoric, +pronominal] cell cannot have an overt ex ponent because it is unlicensable but silent [+anaphoric, +pronominal] PRO is licensed a the subject of non-finite CP by null Case, assigned by C the [+anaphoric, pronominal] NP-trace is licensed by being bound within its local domain the null pronoun pro, in the [anaphoric, +pronominal] cell, is licensed in a local relationship with a functional head equipped with person/number features matching those of pro Syntax: Advanced Forays Extensions & Reflexions Marcel den Dikken Department of English Linguistics ELTE :

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Becoming a Certified Software Development Professional (CSPD ...

    Becoming a Certified Software Development Professional (CSPD ...

    Recommendation of 2 IEEE CS members Registration as Professional Engineer Experience Requirements 9,000 hours software engineering experience (4.5 years.) ... Concepts Purpose and Planning of SQA and V&V Activities and Techniques for SQA and V&V Measurement Applied to SQA and...
  • Director of Global Marketing - maWebCenters

    Director of Global Marketing - maWebCenters

    Defend Your Muscles. 64 subjects with loss of muscle mass with age (sarcopenia) 70-78 years of agewith high oxidative stress (>320 Carr U) 2 months
  • スライド 1 - WordPress.com

    スライド 1 - WordPress.com

    Daging dari by-products: daging kepala, jantung, bibir, weasand dan daging giblet. * * Pork Pork untuk produk kominusi berasal dari boned primal cuts, biasanya dari babi yang berukuran besar, dan daging trimings, merupakan hasil dari proses penyiapan primal cuts untuk...
  • PowerPoint Presentation

    PowerPoint Presentation

    Your contract. is the foundation for . everything. you will give and receive on your program
  • Panofsky Prize Talk - 2004 Arie Bodek University of Rochester ...

    Panofsky Prize Talk - 2004 Arie Bodek University of Rochester ...

    NUINT04 - Italy Arie Bodek, University of Rochester Un-Ki Yang, University of Chicago Update on low Q2 Corrections to LO-GRV98 PDFs Work in 2004: Note this is a Pseudo Leading Order Model
  • Programme Conciliation Études-Travail de Sherbrooke

    Programme Conciliation Études-Travail de Sherbrooke

    informer son employeur, au moins deux semaines à l'avance, de sa période d'examens et de travaux; travailler uniquement en dehors de ses heures de cours; parler de ses difficultés de concilier études et travail avec un parent, un intervenant ou...
  • Three Corrective Options

    Three Corrective Options

    Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality Risk Evaluation/Corrective Action Program (RECAP) October 20, 2003 Advanced RECAP Workshop Comparison of Options Getting the most out of RECAP RECAP: Which Option?
  • St. George's Day - skillsworkshop.org

    St. George's Day - skillsworkshop.org

    St George's Day. Curriculum links. Covers many aspects of Level 1 and Level 2 Functional Mathematics and adult numeracy including decimals, multiplication, and area of rectangles, triangles, circles and compound shapes.