Structure of Feudal Japan - Deltona High School

Structure of Feudal Japan - Deltona High School

Japans Feudal Period In this lesson, students will define the following terms: Feudalism Shogun Daimyo Samurai Ronin Peasants Artisans Merchants Eta Hinin Japan is a group of islands off the coast of Asia, east of the The Emperor Loses Power

By the 1100s, the emperor of Japans power was greatly weakened by civil war. Noble families refused to pay taxes to the emperor. They grew rich and bought much land. Eventually, one noble family grew more powerful than any other. Noble families did not want to obey the emperor. They wanted power. Feudalism

A system of feudalism, similar to that found in European feudalism, arose in Japan. In a feudal society, land is exchanged for military service. Japanese lords gave away some of their land to other people in exchange for loyalty and military service. Do You

remem ber Europe an feudalis m? Structure of Feudal Japan EMPEROR Emperor Emperor and imperial family highest on social ladder Religious leader

Figurehead (leader in name only) His Imperial Majesty AKIHITO 125th Emperor of Japan Direct descendant of Amaturasu Omikami No political Power

Under control of Shoguns clan ALL classes of society provided for Emperor and his court. Emperor still exists today Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Emper or ad Shogun Shogun

Miltary Leader Highest in warrior class Clans fought to acquire this status Political Leader Those of other classes under him provided for his needs Shogun gave protection and privileges Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Emperor

Shogu n ad Daimyo Daimyo Part of warrior class Means Great Names

Shoguns representatives Ran estates according to shoguns rules Swords most valuable possessions Used often to demonstrate loyalty to Shogun Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r Shogu n Daimy os

ad Samurai Samurai Satsuma Samurai Professional warriors Loyal to shogun and Daimyos Lived in Daimyos castles Fairly high social status

but little political power Needs met by lower classes than them Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad Shogun Daimy os Samurai Ronin Ronin

Wandering Samurai Had no Daimyo Paid soldiers Worked as body guards for rich merchants Paid soldiers during civil wars Low social class

No political power Depended on others for Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad Shogu n Daimy os Samurai Roni n Bushi

Warrior Class Peasants Peasants Largest class Included farmers and fishermen Low social status No political power VERY poor

Valued because they produced food for all other classes Often made material for clothing Paid taxes with rice and work Had to pay 2/3 of years crop to upper classes Often starved Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad

Shogu n Daimyo s Samurai Roni n Peasan ts Bushi Warrior Class 90% of population Artisans Artisans

Craftspeople who made variety of products Art Cooking pots Fish hoods Farm tools Theatre

Ship anchors swords Great sword makers highly respected On whole, however, artisans not as respected as peasants because they didnt produce food Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad Shogu n Daimyo

s Samurai Roni n Peasa nts Artisans Bushi Warrior Class 90% of population Merchants Merchants

Sold goods and produce made by others Very low social status Produced nothing of value and lived off the efforts of others work Often made to live in separate locations Not allowed to mix with other classes except to Structure of Feudal Japan

Figurehe Empero r ad Shogu n Daimyo s Samurai Roni n Peasa nts Artisans Merchan ts Bushi

Warrior Class 90% of population Eta Eta Means full of filth Discrimination because of Buddhist prohibitions against killing and Shinto concepts of pollution. originally discriminated against because they were butchers, leather

workers, grave-diggers, tanners, executioners Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad Shogu n Daimyo s Samurai Roni n Peasa nts

Artisans Merchan ts Eta Bushi Warrior Class 90% of population Lowest Class Hinin Hinin

Means Nonhuman Not hereditary, but punitive (punishment) Was very extremely small chance you could get out of this classif you were pardonedbut this is highly highly unlikely. Empero r Figurehe ad Shogu n Daimyo s Samurai

Roni n Peasa nts Artisans Merchan ts Eta Hinin Bushi Warrior Class 90% of population Lowest Class

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