Japans Feudal Period In this lesson, students will define the following terms: Feudalism Shogun Daimyo Samurai Ronin Peasants Artisans Merchants Eta Hinin Japan is a group of islands off the coast of Asia, east of the The Emperor Loses Power
By the 1100s, the emperor of Japans power was greatly weakened by civil war. Noble families refused to pay taxes to the emperor. They grew rich and bought much land. Eventually, one noble family grew more powerful than any other. Noble families did not want to obey the emperor. They wanted power. Feudalism
A system of feudalism, similar to that found in European feudalism, arose in Japan. In a feudal society, land is exchanged for military service. Japanese lords gave away some of their land to other people in exchange for loyalty and military service. Do You
remem ber Europe an feudalis m? Structure of Feudal Japan EMPEROR Emperor Emperor and imperial family highest on social ladder Religious leader
Figurehead (leader in name only) His Imperial Majesty AKIHITO 125th Emperor of Japan Direct descendant of Amaturasu Omikami No political Power
Under control of Shoguns clan ALL classes of society provided for Emperor and his court. Emperor still exists today Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Emper or ad Shogun Shogun
Miltary Leader Highest in warrior class Clans fought to acquire this status Political Leader Those of other classes under him provided for his needs Shogun gave protection and privileges Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Emperor
Shogu n ad Daimyo Daimyo Part of warrior class Means Great Names
Shoguns representatives Ran estates according to shoguns rules Swords most valuable possessions Used often to demonstrate loyalty to Shogun Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r Shogu n Daimy os
ad Samurai Samurai Satsuma Samurai Professional warriors Loyal to shogun and Daimyos Lived in Daimyos castles Fairly high social status
but little political power Needs met by lower classes than them Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad Shogun Daimy os Samurai Ronin Ronin
Wandering Samurai Had no Daimyo Paid soldiers Worked as body guards for rich merchants Paid soldiers during civil wars Low social class
No political power Depended on others for Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad Shogu n Daimy os Samurai Roni n Bushi
Warrior Class Peasants Peasants Largest class Included farmers and fishermen Low social status No political power VERY poor
Valued because they produced food for all other classes Often made material for clothing Paid taxes with rice and work Had to pay 2/3 of years crop to upper classes Often starved Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad
Shogu n Daimyo s Samurai Roni n Peasan ts Bushi Warrior Class 90% of population Artisans Artisans
Craftspeople who made variety of products Art Cooking pots Fish hoods Farm tools Theatre
Ship anchors swords Great sword makers highly respected On whole, however, artisans not as respected as peasants because they didnt produce food Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad Shogu n Daimyo
s Samurai Roni n Peasa nts Artisans Bushi Warrior Class 90% of population Merchants Merchants
Sold goods and produce made by others Very low social status Produced nothing of value and lived off the efforts of others work Often made to live in separate locations Not allowed to mix with other classes except to Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehe Empero r ad Shogu n Daimyo s Samurai Roni n Peasa nts Artisans Merchan ts Bushi
Warrior Class 90% of population Eta Eta Means full of filth Discrimination because of Buddhist prohibitions against killing and Shinto concepts of pollution. originally discriminated against because they were butchers, leather
workers, grave-diggers, tanners, executioners Structure of Feudal Japan Figurehe Empero r ad Shogu n Daimyo s Samurai Roni n Peasa nts
Artisans Merchan ts Eta Bushi Warrior Class 90% of population Lowest Class Hinin Hinin
Means Nonhuman Not hereditary, but punitive (punishment) Was very extremely small chance you could get out of this classif you were pardonedbut this is highly highly unlikely. Empero r Figurehe ad Shogu n Daimyo s Samurai
Roni n Peasa nts Artisans Merchan ts Eta Hinin Bushi Warrior Class 90% of population Lowest Class
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The contents of this presentation were developed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education #H326T130013. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Teaching Research Institute, nor the US Department of Education, and you should...
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