Structuring Project Teams and Building Cohesiveness

Structuring Project Teams and Building Cohesiveness

Structuring Project Teams and Building Cohesiveness Presentation by Gwen A. Little CEP 812 - 2/3/99 Characteristics of Project Teams Definition: a team is a collection of individuals who work together to attain a goal. Project team members

often borrowed - brief exposure to project effort work on piece of project - when done move on to other projects may not recognize they are part of a team - Characteristics contd. Therefore incapable of developing team spirit project commitment Team Efficiency vs. Inefficiency Team Efficiency is defined as team performance that is actually achieved. Ex: Team accomplishing a small portion of

what it could - efficiency low Team achieving as much as possible efficiency is high What causes team inefficiency? Matrix Based Frictions projects dependent on temporarily borrowed staff lack of staff continuity

project managers lack of direct control over project staff and material resources Inefficiency contd. Poor communication - large amount of time spent sending and receiving messages Information atherosclerosis - communication

channels so clogged that important information has difficulty making it through Garbled messages - messages passed along from one person to another get changed Team Structure ISOMORPHIC TEAM STRUCTURE Iso= equal or same Morph= form or shape Two things share the same structural appearance Advantages

organization simple - accountability clear parallel implementation of tasks Structure Contd. SPECIALTY TEAM STRUCTURE Team members asked to apply their special expertise

across a wide array of tasks high levels of responsibility lack corresponding levels of authority Deficiencies - figure 3.3 p. 94 accountability diffuse unequal distribution of work work alone work may not be well integrated Structure Contd. Advantages

high degree of self management expertise applied where appropriate EGOLESS TEAM STRUCTURE should be difficult to determine who produced what portion of the product no obvious leader decisions achieved through consensus Structure Contd.

Project tasks reflect input of all team members Encourages high levels of interactivity and communication among project members Criticisms doesnt work because people have egos those with talent want to make their contribution stand out

Structure contd. Lack of leadership - team starts to drift How can this work? Team size must be small Must work together continuously SURGICAL TEAM STRUCTURE

All attention focuses on a single individual and his or her abilities Structure contd. Disadvantage requires superlatively capable individual to play role of the surgeon

Surgical team approach most effective on design projects that entail large amounts of writing Creating Team Identity Make the team tangible effective use of meetings team members see they are not working alone colocation of team members

members work together in a common space War rooms - contain the most significant project documentation create a team name Building a Reward System

Letters of commendation Public recognition for good work Job assignments Flexible work time New equipment goes to best workers Recommendation for cash awards and bonuses Personal Touch

Be supportive (physical, psychological) Be clear Learn something about team members Celebrate special occasions Be accessible enlist an open door policy

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • The methodology to research of internal, external stakeholders

    The methodology to research of internal, external stakeholders

    Riskview by Project owners (attitude) Embracingrisk - 1. Avoidingrisk - 5. Willingness of Project owners to change contractors. Low - 1. High - 5. GAP ANALYSIS MEASURES (III) Values: Main contractor. PromoteSocial and public value of the project - 1.
  • When the going gets tough: Developing Emotional Resilience

    When the going gets tough: Developing Emotional Resilience

    When the going gets tough:Developing Emotional Resilience in First Year Students. Sue Morgan. Senior Lecturer and Clinical Placement Coordinator in Diagnostic Radiography
  • Chapter 10: Project Communications Management Copyright Course Technology

    Chapter 10: Project Communications Management Copyright Course Technology

    Nancy Michaels First of month Internal Management Monthly Status Report Hard copy Bob Thomson First of month Internal Business and Technical Staff Monthly Status Report Intranet Angie Liu First of month Training Subcontractor Training Plan Hard Copy Jonathan Kraus 11/1/1999...
  • Biology in Bloom

    Biology in Bloom

    Most of these PPT slides are from 2 presentations in 2014 by . Mary Pat Wenderoth, Dept. of Biology, University of Washington, ... "Why are we wasting valuable class time on Bloom's taxonomy?" I felt that Bloom's taxonomy was a...
  • EXL333 Publishing Lync to the Internet ..taking you

    EXL333 Publishing Lync to the Internet ..taking you

    Split Brain DNS (Split DNS, Split Horizon DNS) Host a copy of your SIP domain DNS zone on your Domain Controllers. Allows for . different answers . to be provided when Lync clients . connect internally . versus when ....
  • The Caro Center - Tuscola County, Michigan

    The Caro Center - Tuscola County, Michigan

    The Caro Center has not used Caro Community Hospital because of what we believe is the mistaken understanding that the hospital must be accredited by the Joint Commission. We have challenged this assumption and have not received any confirmation that...
  • Effectively Communicating the Results of Your Project - A New ...

    Effectively Communicating the Results of Your Project - A New ...

    Effectively Communicating the Results of Your Project - A New Resource. Jill Lammert, Westat. October 10, 2017. The Center to Improve Project Performance was funded with Federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, under...
  • Calculus I

    Calculus I

    A. A C- or better from MA115 Pre-Calculus; B. Recommendation from NMU Math Placement Test. Text Book. Calculus - Single Variable Calculus with Early Transcendentals, 8Ed, by James Stewart. Tests and Quizzes. 5 - 6 bi-weekly quizzes/projects. One midterm exam...