Debra Pankow, Ph.D. Sean Brotherson, Ph.D. Children and Money Children are not born with money sense. They learn about money by what they see, hear and experience. One of the most important lessons you can teach children is positive money management. Talking to Children About Money Program Objectives
Build awareness of healthy money management habits in adults and children Encourage parents and other adults to assist children and teens in learning about personal finance Foster dialogue among parents/adults and children on money management issues and skills Learn about and implement practical strategies for developing money management skills and knowledge in adults and children Talking to Children About Money
Helping Children Understand Money Matters Regular discussions about financial issues and using family income can help children realize: The difference between wants and needs Resources, including money, are limited Planning helps the family use money more effectively The value of setting financial goals, planning how to reach goals and working together Talking to Children About Money
Developing Money Management Skills in Children Parents and caregivers can begin to develop childrens money management skills through: Guiding and supervising money choices Praising for positive efforts (saving, etc.) rather than criticizing Not using money to reward or punish Participation in routine family chores Modeling good money management skills (saving, using a budget, etc.) Talking to Children About Money Developing Money
Management Skills in Children Discussing money issues regularly and agreeing on shortand long-term goals Demonstrating a balance of spending, saving and sharing family income Knowing and practicing consumer rights and responsibilities Being consistent, fair and willing to share ways to improve money management in the future Talking to Children About Money Talking to Young Children (ages 4 to 8) Teach young children (ages 4 to 8) what money is
and how to use it: Help young children learn the value of money. Allow a child to choose from two or three items in making a purchase. Take a child shopping with you, along with a coin purse, so he/she can buy an item. Talking to Children About Money Talking to Young Children (ages 4 to 8) Talk about the things that family members work to pay
for, such as food, clothing, housing/rent, household items or gifts. Teach the value of generosity: sharing money with a friend or sibling, donating to a local charity, etc. Help young children understand that not all work results in pay. Discuss basic math concepts and skills with young children (counting, adding, etc.). Explain that money is limited and
you cannot buy all the things they see on TV. Talking to Children About Money Talking to Adolescents (ages 9 to 13) Talk to adolescents about their questions and interests regarding money: Respond to questions children may have about family finances or money in general. Discuss the importance of saving and using money wisely; open a child savings account. Give your child a small, regular allowance to save or spend wisely. Allow children to work on special tasks to
earn money; plan a budget together. Talking to Children About Money Talking to Adolescents (ages 9 to 13) Explain the importance of working hard. Let children have the experience of buying and paying for something they want to help them learn the value of money. Visit the grocery store to look at prices of food items and plan a meal that is affordable and healthful. Encourage children to seek small employment opportunities, such as garden work, mowing the lawn,
shoveling snow or child care. Talking to Children About Money Talking to Teens (ages 14 to 18) For teens, money can be important for self-support (buying clothes), social activity and personal freedom. Consider the following: Explore teen interests in earning and managing money, and making more of their own money decisions. Set short- and long-term
financial goals (saving for college, etc.). Talking to Children About Money Talking to Teens (ages 14 to 18) Teach careful budgeting practices to cover current needs and future plans. Encourage teens to participate actively in family discussions about money, spending and family financial decisions. Provide guidance on planning and budgeting, managing checking and
savings accounts, using credit and keeping financial records. Talking to Children About Money Talking to Teens (ages 14 to 18) Help teens learn about the purposes, services and charges or fees associated with banks, credit unions, loan companies and other financial institutions. Help teens be aware of spending patterns that might lead to overspending, as well pressures that might induce them to spend money. Work with teens who hold part-time employment or make money in other ways to establish a savings plan.
Assist them in saving a portion of their earning for college, purchasing a car, receiving vocational training or other future possibilities. Talking to Children About Money Discussing Money Problems With Children Important lessons to pursue in discussing money concerns with children include: Parents can turn tough times into learning situations; hard work, patience and communication are needed in such times. Parents and other adults should model
how the family can have fun together in less expensive ways. Increase family communication and solidarity and help children feel some control in their lives. Talking to Children About Money Discussing Money Problems With Children Other key lessons during tough times include: Plan regular discussion of financial issues as appropriate and provide reassurance. Involve all family members in making some money decisions (how to limit spending, etc.). Assist children in becoming wise consumers
and disciplining their spending habits. Encourage children to contribute in ways appropriate to their age. Talking to Children About Money Allowance, Earnings and Managing Money Allowance An allowance is a small amount of money set aside regularly (for example, monthly) for a childs use and learning. A money allowance is designed
to be a tool for teaching children about positive money management. Talking to Children About Money Allowance, Earnings and Managing Money Allowances and Children A learning experience that gives children hands-on experience in handling money and managing it. Some guidelines include: Help children, as soon as they are able, to differentiate among coins and different money amounts.
Help them list their needs and wants and rank them in importance; cover needs first. Talking to Children About Money Allowance, Earnings and Managing Money Allowances and Children Set guidelines for using allowances, such as saving 50 percent and using 50 percent for spending or other priorities. Parents may feel they cannot afford an allowance. However, setting regular amounts can encourage saving money
and financial skills. Explain that an allowance is not a reward or payment, but a teaching tool to gain money management experience. Talking to Children About Money Allowance, Earnings and Managing Money Personal Earnings and Children Consider what kind of work or jobs may be suitable for young children to earn some money. School-age children? Teens? Teach diligence in work efforts and excellence in work standards.
Keep childs earnings from interfering with school and family life. Parents should work with children to manage any money gained through earnings responsibly. Talking to Children About Money Allowance, Earnings and Managing Money Money Management Skills and Children Set limits on what children have to spend, and make adjustments as they grow older or their needs change. Teach them about keeping money records, using savings and checking
accounts, and using credit. Be positive and encouraging with children as they ask questions, seek to develop financial knowledge and skills, and learn the techniques of managing money with adult guidance. Talking to Children About Money Key Points/Conclusion Consequences of how children learn about and manage money are vitally important for their life, happiness and future. Managing money well allows
them to distinguish between wants and needs, learn how to save and budget, and make wise spending decisions. Parents, caregivers and other adults have a substantial responsibility to provide children with a good model of money management. Talking to Children About Money Other Extension Resources on Children and Money University of Nevada www.unce.unr.edu/programs/sites/moneybookshelf/
University of Florida http://hillsboroughfcs.ifas.ufl.edu/FamilyPubsA-Z/money.pdf Quick Blurbs for News and Radio http://extension.missouri.edu/ceupdate/kidsmoney.html University of Minnesota www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/youthdevelopment/DA6117.html Iowa State University www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/PM1776.pdf
University of Illinois Extension https://pubsplus.uiuc.edu/browsedollars.html Thrive by Five www.creditunion.coop/pre_k/index.html Financial Security for All Community of Practice on eXtension.org www.extension.org/pages/Financial_Security:_Children_and_Money Talking to Children About Money Thank You!
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