Teachers: Section 3 : Methodology - Teaching Reading at Low ...

Teachers: Section 3 : Methodology - Teaching Reading at Low ...

Reading sense / thought groups When we speak, we dont talk in single words but in groups of words spoken continuously. When we read quietly, the same thing happens in our mind. These groups of words, which are closely connected in meaning and in grammar, are called sense or thought groups. A sense group is a tone-group in intonation. A long sentence can be cut up into two or more tone-groups. We may make a short pause after each group, but not during the group. Such pauses help to make reading or speaking easier and to convey ones ideas more clearly. So, the reasons for reading and especially speaking in sense or thought groups are: Robot or human you choose Reading sense groups or thought groups in a sentence are usually divided by grammar but may also depend on the idea one is trying to convey and even breathing patterns. Teachers: Section 3 : Methodology Teaching Reading at Low Secondary Level (16+12=28 points) Task III : The story given below comes from a Kenyan newspaper, the Daily Nation. One way of approaching the text with your low secondary school students might be to ask

them to read it in sense groups so that they can make necessary pauses and understand while reading. Provide your exemplary reading the story in sense groups for your students. Mark each of them with a vertical line ( ) and number each of them from 1-7 (8-39) as shown in paragraph 1. Naked truth about turn-boy A young woman from Kakamega discovered 1 it was a mans world 2 when she went job-hunting recently. 3 So she cut her hair short, 4 dressed up in mens clothes 5 and even got herself an identity card 6 under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. 7 And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination. Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered

that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man. Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya. Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other #1 : These Punctuation = 20 way of Marks getting a job. .,!:;(Kenya Daily Nation) 39-7 = 32 32- 20 = 12 Naked truth about turn-boy

A young woman from Kakamega discovered 1 it was a mans world 2 when she went job-hunting recently. 3 So she cut her hair short, 4 dressed up in mens clothes 5 and even got herself an identity card 6 under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. 7 And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination. Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man. Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya. Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other : BEFOREa and,

=5 way #2 of getting job.when (Kenya Daily Nation) 12 5 = 7 Naked truth about turn-boy A young woman from Kakamega discovered 1 it was a mans world 2 when she went job-hunting recently. 3 So she cut her hair short, 4 dressed up in mens clothes 5 and even got herself an identity card 6 under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. 7 And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination.

Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man. Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya. Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other BEFORE prepositions such as : way#3of: SOMETIMES getting a job. =6 by, for, as, under, through (Kenya Daily Nation) 76= 1

Naked truth about turn-boy A young woman from Kakamega discovered 1 it was a mans world 2 when she went job-hunting recently. 3 So she cut her hair short, 4 dressed up in mens clothes 5 and even got herself an identity card 6 under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. 7 And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination. Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man. Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya.

Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other way of1getting job. more ! a Any ideas? (Kenya Daily Nation) When we read a sentence, we often pause here and there. And usually these pauses are made according to the grammatical structure of the sentence. Basic rules for dividing a sentence into sense groups: 1. Noun Phrase - Article + Noun a country, - Noun + Noun president Elbegdorj 2. Pronoun Phrase that one 3. Prepositional Phrase by bus 4. Adjective Phrase very good 5. Adverb Phrase very quickly 6. Adverb + Prepositional Phrase early in the morning 7. Adverb + Verb or Verb + Adverb quite understand , study hard

8. Verb Phrase to take a rest , to have a meeting 9. Infinitive Phrase He likes / to read newspapers after lunch. 10. Gerund Phrase staying indoors all day / is unhealthy. 11. Participle Phrase I saw many people / walking along the lake. 12. Copula + Predicative be well 13. Subject + Predicate He stands up. 14. Subject + Predicate + Object I speak English. 15. Subject Clause That he will come here / is certain. 16. Predicative Clause This is / how he studies English. 17. Subordinate Clause He told me / where I could find my book. 18. Attributive Clause This is a factory / that makes cloth. 19. Adverbial Clause I waited / till he come back. https://www.italki.com/discussion/13175 to read between the lines A young woman from Kakamega discovered it was a mans world when she went jobhunting recently. So she cut her hair short, dressed up in mens clothes and even got herself an identity card under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina.

to infer to make a deduction / to deduce to guess based on logic (NOT a wild guess) / to make an educated guess Task IV. We have designed some activities (A, B and C) and tasks or questions for your teaching and reading based on the story for your students. Match the designed questions 1-12 given below with the different reading skills. Circle the letter PSR if it practices plain sense reading skill (the ability to read the lines); circle the letter DR if it practices deductive reading skill (the ability to read between the lines); circle the letter PR if it practices projective reading skill (the ability to read beyond the lines). True/False :

1. The employees real name was Mwajuma Mwania. PSR DR PR 2. At first, Mwajuma Mwania couldnt get a job. PSR DR PR Naked truth about turn-boy A young woman from Kakamega discovered it was a mans world when she went job-hunting recently. So she cut her hair short, dressed up in mens clothes and even got herself an identity card under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination. Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man.

Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya. Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other way of getting a job. True/False : 1. The employees real name was Mwajuma Mwania. PSR DR PR 2. At first, Mwajuma Mwania couldnt get a job. PSR DR PR Naked truth about turn-boy A young woman from Kakamega discovered it was a mans world when she went job-hunting recently. So she cut her hair short, dressed up in mens clothes and even got herself an identity card under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to

an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination. Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man. Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya. Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other way of getting a job. True/False : 1. The employees real name was Mwajuma Mwania. PSR DR PR

2. At first, Mwajuma Mwania couldnt get a job. PSR DR PR Multiple Choice : 3. In order to get a job, Mwajuma PSR DR PR (a) married Rajab Maina (c) rushed to hospital (b) pretended to be a man (d) went to the Labour Office 4. Mwajuma Mwania couldnt get a job because . PSR DR PR (a) she lived in Kakamega (c) she was dishonest (b) she was a woman (d) she refused to go to the labour office Naked truth about turn-boy A young woman from Kakamega discovered it was a mans world when she went

job-hunting recently. So she cut her hair short, dressed up in mens clothes and even got herself an identity card under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination. Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man. Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya. Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other way of getting a job.

Multiple Choice : 3. In order to get a job, Mwajuma PSR DR PR (a) married Rajab Maina (c) rushed to hospital (b) pretended to be a man (d) went to the Labour Office 4. Mwajuma Mwania couldnt get a job because . PSR DR PR (a) she lived in Kakamega (c) she was dishonest (b) she was a woman (d) she refused to go to the labour office Naked truth about turn-boy A young woman from Kakamega discovered it was a mans world when she went job-hunting recently. So she cut her hair short, dressed up in mens clothes and even got herself an identity card under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to

an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination. Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man. Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya. Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other way of getting a job. Multiple Choice : 3. In order to get a job, Mwajuma PSR DR PR

(a) married Rajab Maina (c) rushed to hospital (b) pretended to be a man (d) went to the Labour Office 4. Mwajuma Mwania couldnt get a job because . PSR DR PR (a) she lived in Kakamega (c) she was dishonest (b) she was a woman (d) she refused to go to the labour office Free response questions : 5. Why did people think she was a man? PSR DR 6. What was Notcos problem?PSR DR PR PR

7. Why did she refuse to get undressed at the hospital? DR PR PSR 8. What two dangers faced the girl at the end of the newspaper story? PSR DR PR 9. Could this have happened where you come from? PSR DR PR 10. Should men and women be allowed to do exactly the same work? PSR DR PR 11. What is a turn-boy? PSR DR PR 12. What was the Naked Truth? PSR DR PR

Naked truth about turn-boy A young woman from Kakamega discovered it was a mans world when she went job-hunting recently. So she cut her hair short, dressed up in mens clothes and even got herself an identity card under the name of Mr. Rajab Maina. And it worked! She got a job as a turn-boy for Notco company and, according to an official, did very well and looked exactly like a man. But one small slip and all was undone. Mr. Maina fell off a lorry and was rushed to hospital, where a doctor demanded he take off his clothes for a proper examination. Mr. Maina at first protested, but had to comply when the doctor threatened to make a report to the Notco boss. So the naked truth was out! The company investigated the case through the Labour Office and discovered that : Mr. Maina had got an identity card by posing as a man. Now she is her former self again, Miss Mwajuma Mwania is presenting her company with a problem whether to lose a good worker by handing her over to the police for giving false information; or whether to strike a blow for womens lib., and employ the first turn-girl in Kenya.

Asked why she conned the firm, Miss Mwania said: I couldnt find any other way of getting a job.

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