Teaching Philosophies, Attitudes, and Statistics

Teaching Philosophies, Attitudes, and Statistics

Teaching Teaching Philosophies, Philosophies, Attitudes, Attitudes, and and Statistics Statistics Winnifred R. Louis School of Psychology, The University of Queensland Thanks and Acknowledgements Donald M. Taylor, McGill University Judith Feeney, Julie Duck, Luke Smillie, Jackie Wellen and Deborah Terry, University of Queensland The statistical methods curriculum review team Valerie Stone, Paul Harnett and the Reconciliation Action Plan committee Ms. Mentor at the Chronicles of Higher Education

website Bill McKeachie, Teaching Tips Johnathan Mueller, CROW Rick Reis, Tomorrows Professor What do I do ? I am a senior lecturer at UQ I teach 3rd year statistical methods Difficult, required material A hurdle students have to get over to get into honours and pursue psychology as a career I teach 3rd year social psychology electives Much more intuitive Freely embraced by students, often intrinsically motivated

Teaching to change the world Improving world stats literacy SPSS syntax and worknotes, Excel files (google Winnifred teaching) The stats repository (google statistics repository) The UQ statistical methods curriculum review Curriculum development re Indigenous Australians The audit and the working group The reference list and the resources Indigenous Mental Health day The School of Psychology Reconciliation Action Plan

My teaching philosophy Learning is for doing Stats and social psychology are vital to psychologists (and all human beings!) Enthusiasm Respect Combining Teaching, Service and Research Research on Teaching 4 page surveys 4 x per year Students record name, student # Respond to miscellaneous questions, e.g. re previous grades, or anxiety Report attendance at lectures and tutes I feed back a summary of responses the following week At the end of the year, I look at final year outcomes, particularly final grades

A note about the value of attendance (for students) I post detailed slides before every lecture I also keep track of attendance. There is no penalty for skipping, but keep this in mind -> Absent Alway Some- Rarely s/ times / Never Often

Dropouts (27%) 50% 20% 0% Fails among finisher s (8%) 29% 4% 3%

1sts (9%) 0% 13% 23% Changing Attendance Patterns among students who completed all assessment 2005 stats: 0 to 9, M=3.48 (SD=3.76) 2006 stats: 0 to 9, M=4.70 (SD=3.48) 2007 stats: 0 to 9, M=4.50 (SD=3.49) 2008 stats: 0 to 10, M=5.23 (SD=3.77)

2006 Attitudes: 0 to 11, M=5.85 (SD=4.11) 2007 Atts: 0 to 11, M=6.94 (SD=3.62) 2008 Atts: 0 to 9, M=4.97 (SD=3.21) 2009 Atts: 0 to 10, M=5.54 (SD=3.87) Statistics for profs: The correlation between lecture attendance (tertiles) and final mark, after controlling for previous years mark, among only those who completed all assessment

Stats r Yr 1 N Social r .33 113 Yr 1 .53 17 Yr 2

.26 106 Yr 2 .40 12 Yr 3 .26 82 Yr 3 .29 51 Yr 4 .30 92 Yr 4

.16 72 Meta.30 -analysis Meta- .2 analysi 9 s N -- What we do matters ! Attendance at lectures uniquely predicts students learning

After controlling for prior performance In 8 data sets In 2 quite different content areas Despite changing patterns of attendance And even after the introduction of online .mp3 files of the lectures Why is attendance so important? Strange because detailed class notes available every week online Controlling for second year grades (and, in 06, anxiety), attendance delivered a 15-20% boost in final 3rd year stats grades. explanation #1: 3rd factor hurts attendance & marks sickness family and/or work obligations explanation #2: added value to regular attendance immediate clarification of confusing material

rehearsal of knowledge over multiple classes rate of knowledge absorption spread over term (rather than over the 2 weeks before the exam) What else matters? Boosting learning beyond prior grades & attendance Intrinsic motives - Students nominating interest as something they hope for in the course Harming learning beyond prior grades and attendance An Arts background (?!?) Late anxiety (Week 13) but not early (Week 4) anxiety Startlingly unrelated Hours worked on the course Hours worked on paid employment Hours worked caring for others Row seating Where next? With respect to the research: Some sort of publication ?

Gender as a moderator Comparing the content areas Other initiatives and interests World stats literacy Curriculum reform at UQ Engaging with Indigenous Australians Psychologys contribution to reconciliation Thank Thank you! you!

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