TED 210 - Design & Appropriate Technology

TED 210 - Design & Appropriate Technology

TED 304 Designs in BioRelated Technology Definitions and Comparisons of Biotechnology and Bio-Related Technology Selected Definitions by Grace Bio-Related Technology is the commercialization of cell biology. Bio-Related Technology is an umbrella term that

covers various techniques for using the properties of living things to make products or provide services. Bio-Related Technology is an umbrella term that covers various techniques for using the properties of living to make products or provide services. Selected Definitions Biotechnology Biotechnology is the use of living things, especially cells and bacteria, in industrial

processes (Cambridge) Biotechnology is the application of the principles of engineering and technology to the life sciences (The American Heritage). Bio-Related Technology is any technique that uses living organisms to make or modify products, plants and animals. (Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology) Selected Definitions

Biotechnology Biotechnology is the application of scientific knowledge to transfer beneficial genetic traits from one species to another to enhance or protect an organism.(DuPont) Biotechnology is the deliberate manipulation of DNA molecules to produce commercial products from living organisms.(Webber)

Selected Definitions Biotechnology Biotechnology is a set of biological techniques developed through basic research and now applied to research and product development. In particular, the use by industry of recombinant DNA, cell fusion, and new bioprocessing techniques.(Lefers) Bio-Related Technology is the manipulation of biological organisms to make products to benefit human beings. Biotechnology

contributes to such diverse areas as food production, waste disposal, mining, and medicine. (Levine) Selected Definitions Bio-Related Technology Bio-Related Technology is the use of living organisms to make commercial products. (Barrow) Bio-Related Technology is the practical application of mechanical devices,

products, substances, or organisms to improve health or contribute to the harmony between humans and their environment. (Applied Technologies) Selected Definitions Bio-Related Technology Bio-related technology applies to the production process techniques relating to the products of agriculture, and the biological processes tied to fuel and material production

such as waste treatment, recycling, and hydroponics. (DOE Mass) Bio-Related Technology is the practical application of mechanical devices, products, substances, or organisms to provide health or harmony between humans and their environment. (Savage) Selected Definitions Bio-Related Technology Bio-Related Technology is a broad field which

includes seven major areas: bioengineering, health care, cultivation of plants and animals, fuel and chemical production, waste management and treatment, materials applications, and regulation and safety. It implies the practical application of mechanical devices, products, substances, or organisms to improve health or contribute to the harmony between humans and their environment. (Savage)

Working Definition Bio-Related Technology is a broad field which includes seven major areas: bioengineering, health care, cultivation of plants and animals, fuel and chemical production, waste management and treatment, materials applications, and regulation and safety. It implies the practical application of mechanical devices, products, substances, or organisms to improve health or contribute to the harmony between humans and their environment.

Key Concepts Biotechnology Biotechnology is any technique that uses living organisms (or parts of organisms) to make or modify products, to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific use. Scientific in nature: involves chemicals and their interaction with enzymes and other living organisms.

Key Concepts Biotechnology Eight major areas of study: Foundations of Biotechnology Definition of Biotechnology Historical background Relevant terms Career information Social impact

Key Concepts Biotechnology Eight major areas of study: Environment Bioremediation Biological controls Biotreatment systems Biorestoration Environmental safety Key Concepts

Biotechnology Eight major areas of study: Agriculture Tissue culturing Plant & animal applications Agrichemicals Aquaculture Food science Key Concepts Biotechnology

Eight major areas of study: Bioprocessing Fermentation Bio-products Microbial applications Separation & purification techniques Processing design: monitor & growth Key Concepts Biotechnology Eight major areas of study:

Genetic Engineering Probing techniques Genetic engineering applications Genetic code Molecular bio techniques Analysis of DNA Key Concepts Biotechnology Eight major areas of study: Biochemistry

Enzymology Control & regulation Proteins Methods of analysis Carbohydrates Key Concepts Biotechnology Eight major areas of study: Medicine Molecular medicine

Immunology Genetic therapeutics Health care Technologies Social impact Key Concepts Biotechnology Eight major areas of study: Bioethics Principles of ethics Impacts of using biotechnology

Potentials of gene therapy Patenting of life Forensics Sources: http://www.access.wvu.edu/class/jgw/tebc/tebcpublic/ Key Concepts Biotechnology Scientific in nature Manipulation of the biological entity

Use of living organisms (or part of) Operates at the molecular level of life Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Bio-related Technology is the practical application of mechanical devices, products, substances, or organisms to improve health or contribute to the harmony between humans and the environment.

Technological in nature: involves technological devices and effect on living organisms. Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Seven major areas of study: Bioengineering (ergonomics) Protection (safe environment) Physical enhancement (prosthetics, glasses, etc.)

Ecological management Personal health application (biofeedback) Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Seven major areas of study: Health Care Prevention (vaccines) Diagnosis Treatment (diet, lifestyle changes, organ transplants, etc.)

Support systems and services (physical therapy & rehabilitation) Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Seven major areas of study: Cultivation of Plants Cultivation (hydroponics) Genetic improvement Pest control Resource management

Food and beverage processing (fermentation) Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Seven major areas of study: Fuel and Chemical Production Biomass generation (creation of fuel from bio products) Processing (distilling fuel & chemicals from other products) Synthetic development (substitutes)

Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Seven major areas of study: Waste Management Chemical and biological processing Recycling (organic & inorganic treatment, landfills, toxic waste, etc.) Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology

Seven major areas of study: Biotechnological Materials Applications Chemical transformation Biological separating Biodegradation of materials Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Seven major areas of study: Regulations and Safety Public policy development

Process design & testing Food and drug safety Environmental protection Future planning Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Seven major areas of study: Sources: http://ernie.bgsu.edu/~esavage/biorelated/ Savage, Ernest N., Rossner, Albert G., and

Finke, Gary D. (1993). Bio-related Technology. Delmar Publishers Inc., Albany, NY. Savage, Ernest N. & Brown, Angelo D. (1999). Clearing up the Bio-confusion. Paper presented at the 1999 ITEA Conference in Indianapolis, IN. Key Concepts Bio-Related Technology Practical Applications Improve human capabilities Use of biological entities

Application of scientific knowledge Application of engineering principles Application of technological principles Application of Biological science Key Concepts Using properties of living things Application of mechanical devices, products, substances or organisms Applied to the production of goods or services

Key Concepts Seven main areas: Bioengineering Health care Cultivation of plants and animals Fuel and chemical production Waste management and treatment Materials applications Regulation and safety

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