The Animal Kingdom is divided into 2 main groups

The Animal Kingdom is divided into 2 main groups

The Animal Kingdom is divided into 2 main groups Invertebrates & Vertebrates Invertebrates

-No backbone -Simplest animals -Make up 95% of all animal species -Most are aquatic -8 Common phyla (most simple to most complex)

1. Porifera - Sponges 2. Cnidaria Jellyfish, coral Reef, Sea Anenome

3. Platyhelminthes AKA Flatworms Liver Flukes

4. Nematoda Aka Roundworms HOOKWORMS

TRICHINELLA 5. ANNElida AKA Segmented Worms EARTHWORMS

LEECHES 6. Mollusca Clams, Snails, Squid

7. Arthropoda Spider, Ant, Centipede, Crab, Crayfish 8. Echinodermata Starfish, Sand Dollar

Sea Cucumbers Vertebrates -Have a backbone made up of individual bones called vertebrae

-More complex animals -Have an endoskeleton -Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata -6 Common classes from simplest to

1. Cartilage Fish Sharks & Stingrays 2. Boney Fish Tuna, Bass,

Salmon 3. Amphibia Frogs, Toads, Salamanders

4. Reptilia Snakes, Lizards, Alligators 5. Aves - Birds

6. Mammalia Dogs, Cats, Humans, Monkeys ANIMAL BODY SYSTEMS -Body systems are all interrelated and work together to perform their

functions in animals. Body systems can be organized and studies by these functions: REGULATION: Excretory & Nervous Systems NUTRIENT ABSORPTION: Respiration, Digestion, & Circulatory Systems DEFENSE: Immune, Integumentary, Lymphatic,

Skeletal, & Muscular Systems REPRODUCTION: Reproductive & Endocrine Systems Dissection Terms Dorsal back or upper surface

Ventral belly or lower surface Anterior head or front end Posterior tail or hind end opposite the head Surfaces (Most

Animals) DORSA L POSTERIO

R ANTERIOR VENTRA

L Earthworm Dissection Link https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9HHS1u

PFSo

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