The Argument Unit - Mr. Markowitz

The Argument Unit - Mr. Markowitz

ELEMENTS OF ARGUMENT The Argument Unit WHAT IS YOUR DEFINITION OF AN ARGUMENT? In your notebook write your answer. Share and try to improve your answer.

What Is an Argument? An argument is an opinion supported by facts. DEFINITION OF FACT? 2. WHAT IS YOUR In your notebook write yourOPINION?

answers. DEFINITION OF Share and try to improve your answers. Fact vs. Opinion Facts can be proven or supported.

Opinions are personal feelings/ideas Argument writers use both fact and opinion. OPINIONS as CLAIMS FACTS as EVIDENCE Writers refer to opinions

as claims and facts as evidence. The claim clearly states a stance on a topic or issue. Evidence to prove a claim EVIDENCE CLAIM ARGUMENT

include: reasons, statistics, confirmed facts, and expert The 5 types of EVIDENCE 1. Confirmed Facts - facts that have been found in

reliable/credible sources. 2. Statistics - numbers and percentages that are relevant to the topic and come from reliable/credible sources. 3. Expert Research - research that is done by professors, researchers, or doctors who have a deep knowledge of the topic; always found in credible/reliable sources. 4. Personal Experience - any actual experience with the topic that you, your family and friends have had.

5. Reasons - logical reasons that support the opinions made in the claim. Name the EVIDENCE Game The DEBATABLE CLAIM you will be naming the evidence of is: Year-round school improves students

academic achievement. Reason, Confirmed Fact, Statistic or Research by Expert What kind of evidence is this? A review of 39 studies confirmed summertime learning loss: test

scores drop over summer vacation (Cooper, 2012) Research by Expert Personal Experience, Reason, Confirmed Fact, Statistic or Research by Expert What kind of evidence is this?

According to StatisticBrain.com, yearround schools have lower drop-out rates (2%) than traditional schools (5%) Statistic Personal Experience, Reason, Confirmed Fact, Statistic or Research by Expert What kind of evidence is this?

A study done by Education Week followed six elementary schools, three on traditional calendars and three on year-round schedules, and found positive effects of year-round education. The sample of students in the year-round schools posted overall test-scores that were higher than students at the schools with traditional calendars. Confirmed Fact

Personal Experience, Reason, Confirmed Fact, Statistic or Research by Expert What kind of evidence is this? I forgot fewer of my math skills over the summer because my summer break was so short

thanks to year-round school. Personal Experience Personal Experience, Reason, Confirmed Fact, Statistic or Research by Expert What kind of evidence is this? Because students have multiple breaks

throughout the year, they experience less academic burnout. They have frequent opportunities to refresh and restart their learning experience. Reason How do you respond in an argument?

You respond with a rebuttal or counter argument when you disagree with someone. Rebuttal the word can apply to any situation

in which an argument is put forth and someone disagrees, and explains why. Rebuttal (continued) When two people debate, one of them makes an argument, and the other follows with a rebuttal, which, plainly put, is the "no, you're wrong

and this is why" argument. Counter Argument: a contrasting, opposing, or refuting argument. A counter-argument is an argument opposed to your claim. It expresses the view of a person who disagrees with your stance or position on a

debatable topic. Write Washingtons Claim Now write rebuttals to that claim Write Washingtons Claim Now write rebuttals to that claim

The Chargers are the best! No, they didnt make the playoffs. AGAIN! Not the best if they leave San

Diego. Not really. But if they still had Drew Brees, maybe. Yeah, right! No way, they have never won

a Super Bowl Write a claim and a rebuttal Write a claim and a rebuttal Write 2 claims and 2 rebuttals

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