The Art of Lesson Planning - Stephen F. Austin State University

The Art of Lesson Planning - Stephen F. Austin State University

The Art of Planning a Lesson Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Copyright Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. If you fail to plan, you plan to fail.

~Benjamin Franklin Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Well-Planned Lesson Achieves the objectives Encourages reflection, refinement and improvement Enhances student achievement Helps teachers to avoid unpleasant surprises

Keeps the teacher and students on track Provides direction to a substitute teacher Provides the roadmap and visuals in a logical sequence Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Poor Planning

Aimless wandering A waste of time Few connections to prior learning Lack of needed materials Frustration for the teacher and students Poor management

Unmet objectives Unorganized Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Begin With The Big Picture Take the time to thoroughly examine and LEARN the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

(TEKS) for your course(s) Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Real World Connections Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Access Your Course TEKS and Scope and Sequence Locate your course Scope and

Sequence (click on picture) Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. The greater the structure of a lesson and the more precise the directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher

the achievement rate. Harry Wong, The First Days of Teaching Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Cognitive Development Blooms Taxonomy Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 10

Types of Lesson Plans Five step Five E Weekly lesson plan Gold Seal Lesson

Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Lesson Plan Basics Title TEKS Objectives Make sure the TEKS you select and your objectives are in alignment

Duration of lesson Important terms and definitions Materials/specialized equipment needed Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Basic Direct Teach Lesson Plan Components Anticipatory set Direct instruction

Guided practice Independent practice Lesson closure Assessment Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Anticipatory Set Be creative Provides focus, also called the hook Short activity that draws the students' attention before the lesson actually begins

Use props, visuals or music followed by questions and answers or brainstorming session Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Direct Instruction Continuously check for understanding. Ensure your lesson is rigorous and relevant to the students. Implement accommodations from IEPs for

special education students. Introduce new vocabulary. Keep learning styles in mind Model and show students what you want them to know. Provide examples and scenarios students can relate to. Use slide presentations or graphic organizers. Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.

Guided Practice Can be done individually or cooperatively. Ensure activity is rigorous and relevant to the students Implement accommodations from IEPs for special education students Provide guidance as students solve real world problems Provide hands-on activities and opportunities that allow students to practice their newly learned skills and concepts

Walk students through the learning process Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Independent Practice Allow students to use critical thinking skills as they practice completing lesson, assignment, project on their own Ensure assignment/activity is rigorous and relevant. Aim for having students solve a problem that will have

unpredictable outcome or solution Implement accommodations from IEPs for special education students Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Lesson Closure Develop, research or borrow creative review techniques Implement accommodations from IEPs for special education students

Students recap what you have taught and what they have learned (and how it relates to them) Wrap up the lesson Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Assessment Completion of a lab evaluation Culmination of a project or presentation assessed with a rubric

Hands-on experiment Implement accommodations from IEPs for special education students Independently performed task Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Assessment Independent written reflection of what the student learned from this topic/lesson/lab

Open-ended question test Quiz or test Student reflection or other concrete method Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Additional Components to a Lesson Plan Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.

Additional Components English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies Reading Strategies Word Wall Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. English Language Proficiency Standards

(ELPS) Strategies What is ELPS? ELPS are basically the TEKS for linguistic development, statutory addition to the required curriculum of every subject. They can be found in chapter 74.4 of the Texas Administrative Code; right along with the requirements for elementary and secondary curricula : http:// ritter.tea.state.tx.us/rules/tac/chapter074/ch074a.html Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.

Reading Strategies Encourage students to make predictions about the text content prior to reading. I think its going to be about. because I know (I heard). Encourage students to visualize as they read. Many students are visual learners and will benefit from making sketches or diagrams on scrap paper as they read Have students form their own questions about the text

prior to reading or have them write down any questions that come to mind as they are reading Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Word Wall The use of a word wall and definitions is an ELPS strategy. Other strategies include: Frayer Model Examples/Not Examples

Problems/Solutions Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Lesson Planning 101 (click on picture) Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. To be prepared

is half the victory. ~ Miguel de Cerantes Saavedra Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Questions? Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. References and Resources Images:

Microsoft Clip Art: Used with permission from Microsoft. Books: Early Childhood Education Today, Twelfth Edition by George S. Morrison This book is a great resource on early childhood education. It covers the foundation of education, programs and resources for children and families, educational needs of infants through the primary grades and the special needs of children and families. Introduction To Teaching: Becoming A Professional. (Fifth ed.). by Don Kauchak & Paul Eggen For any student going into the teaching profession, this is an excellent choice. It is an easy read for students on all levels. It covers the changing teaching

profession, the foundations of education and how to become an effective teacher. Websites: New Teacher Academy: Lesson Planning Lisa Dabbs explains the importance of effective lesson planning for new teachers. http://www.edutopia.org/blog/new-teacher-lesson-planning-lisa-dabbs Planning a Lesson The National Capital Language Resource Center gives detailed explanations and examples on how to write a lesson plan from beginning to end. http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/planning/plindex.htm

Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. References and Resources Strategies for Effective Lesson Planning Effective lesson planning can be tricky, but with this website from the University of Michigan, lesson planning can be a stress-free encounter. http://www.crlt.umich.edu/gsis/p2_5 Texas Association of Future Educators (TAFE) Advisor Handbook Competitive Events http://www.tafeonline.org/?page=CompetitiveEvents YouTube:

Lesson Planning 101 Dr. Linda Karges-Bone gives a workshop for new teachers, critical needs teachers, schools with low test scores and schools serving at-risk populations. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yk1mi1egpgk Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.

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