The Ashcombe School - ALL London

The Ashcombe School - ALL London

Association for Language Learning ALL West of England 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 1 17th March 2007 What are the issues for the Language Teacher in the current climate? Association for Language Learning Who am I?!! 02/07/20 all west of e

ngland 2 Helen Myers Senior Curriculum Manager, The Ashcombe School, (Lang Coll), Dorking MFL teacher SSAT Lead Practitioner Chair of ALL London Branch www.all-london.org.uk President Elect, ALL Moderator of http://groups.yahoo.com/group/mflresources/ Contributor to LinguaNet Forum www.linguanet.org.uk [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] Association for Language Learning

ALL: Who are we? 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 3 Individual members Group members Corporate members Associate members (ITT) Potential members Association for Language Learning Where do we work? 02/07/20 all west of e ngland

4 Secondary (41%) Sixth form college (5%) Secondary / prep (independent) (11%) Further Education (4%)

Higher Education (7%) Adult Education (7%) Primary / Middle Education (3%) Initial Teacher Training (2%) Advisers / Inspectors (6%)

Others (consultant, business, media) (14%) Association for Language Learning How are we organised? 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 5 Branches / Networks (ever growing!) National committees (Specific Langs + Special Interest e.g. Primary, Secondary, IT) National Executive Council (with subcommittees for Members' Services, Policy, Marketing & Recruiting) Management Board & Trustees Staff in office at Rugby (Leicester) Association for Language Learning

How can we support each other? 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 6 Real Branch meetings Language World E-communication Discussion fora (mflresources, Linguanet, ELL forum, TES forum) Website / Bulletins (ALL, ALL branch, CILT, SSAT) "For seizing the reins of the global media, for founding and framing the new digital democracy, for working for nothing and beating the pros at their own game, Time's Person of the Year for 2006 is you".

Association for Language Learning How can we support each other? 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 7 INFORMATION Giving / Passing on other organisations RESOURCES Sharing /Requesting ADVICE

Seeking / Giving FRIENDSHIP / SUPPORT representation Association for Language Learning What are the National Issues? 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 8 Key Stage 2 'entitlement/compulsion' 2010 Key Stage 3 Secondary Curriculum Review Key Stage 4 'entitlement' GCSE Review 14-19 developments (incl Diplomas)

AS/A level review Recruitment to Higher Education/ITT Adult Education Association for Language Learning How can we respond? 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 9 We need to balance things Real life is a bit messy! see the world through the

eyes of other people Association for Language Learning Key Stage 2 'Entitlement/Compulsion'...... 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 10 Context (1) Languages for all: Languages for Life (DfES '02) To improve teaching and learning of languages, including delivering an entitlement to language learning for pupils at Key Stage 2 'Every child should have the opportunity throughout Key Stage 2 to study a foreign language and develop their interest in the culture of other nations. They should have access to high quality teaching and learning opportunities,

making use of native speakers and elearning. By age 11 they should have the opportunity to reach a recognised level of competence on the Common European Framework and for that achievement to be recognised through a national scheme. The Key Stage 2 language learning programme must include at least one of the working languages of the European Union and be delivered at least in part in class time.' DfES, 2002: p15 Association for Language Learning Key Stage 2 'Entitlement/Compulsion'..... 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 11

Context (2) Primary Languages and the Early Language Learning Initiative - entitlement for KS2 by 2010 KS2 Pathfinders '03 - '05 [Warwick research Oct 05] Key Stage 2 Framework for languages (Oct 05) 75 Regional Support Groups (RSG) NACELL Language Colleges - additional funding Association for Language Learning Key Stage 2 'Entitlement / Compulsion'.... 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 12 Issues relating to Dearing ...3.5 to 3.11

Curriculum: COMPULSORY,widen the choice of languages, [incl community / Eastern] clusters of primaries/secondaries link up to arrange progression Teaching and Learning: provision for teacher support/resources in primary schools Assessment, Recording and Reporting: nonstatutory formative assessment end KS2 using Language Ladder Provision: how to make adjustments to primary curriculum elsewhere to accommodate embedded language learning needed? Association for Language Learning Key Stage 2 'Entitlement / Compulsion'.... 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 13

ACTION! - Transition planning - Forward planning Primaries get started Secondaries anticipate 5 years' time ... Impact on KS3 / KS4 2020 JOINED-UP THINKING? Association for Language Learning Key Stage 2 'Entitlement' 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 14 An idea! (1) Tue 24th April '07

The Ashcombe School Primary Day Association for Language Learning Key Stage 3 & 4 & GCE 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 15 Aim: Flag up what is needed over the next couple of years .... Association for Language Learning Key Stage 3 Secondary Review

02/07/20 all west of e ngland 16 Context KS3 Strategy building on KS2 Standards Agenda (literacy / numeracy/ lost Y8) renamed 'Secondary Strategy' Key Stage 3 Framework for Languages (to complement Foundation Subject Strand) Association for Language Learning Key Stage 3 Secondary Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 17

Context QCA consultation with stakeholders Aims: improve coherence between curriculum subjects reduce the overall level of prescription provide opportunities for catch up and stretch. Association for Language Learning Key Stage 3 Secondary Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 18 Where does it lead to?

Association for Language Learning Key Stage 3 Secondary Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 19 Issues for ML relating to Dearing .. Curriculum: content-free? progression to KS4? Role of KS3 Framework? emphasis on productive / creative? sustainability? Teaching and Learning: resources? (text book / authentic?) Assessment: NC levels changed? Link to KS4? Provision:Time? (catch-up / stretch) Pupil engagement Where does it lead to?

Association for Language Learning Key Stage 3 Secondary Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 20 An idea! (2) Invitation to The Ashcombe School ICT Day. Thursday 7th + Friday 29th June '07 5 further days 2007-8 How do you ensure entitlement? Association for Language Learning

14-19 Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 21 Context 14-19 Education & Skills Green paper, Feb 2002 Report from Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) revealed a gap in the UK between high and lower attainers, with pupils from different social background showing marked differences in achievement. the proportions of the workforce holding Level 2 and Level 3 qualifications in the UK are below those in France and Germany. less than 20% of young people under 21 from the lower socioeconomic groups go to university compared to over 70% from the highest.

Association for Language Learning 14-19 Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 22 7 key proposals are outlined: A flexible curriculum A world class technical and vocational education A new Matriculation Diploma at age 19; guidance for students entering the 14-19 phase Greater responsiveness to the varying pace at which different learners progress; Closer collaboration between the various providers of education and training; Flexible access and delivery of the curriculum

through the use of ICT and e-learning opportunities. Association for Language Learning 14-19 Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 23 Context 14-19 Education & Skills White Paper Feb '05 - sets out clear proposals for reform,

Secure the basics (functional skills) Stretch every pupil to their full potential Offer a high-quality vocational route Re-motivate the disengaged Prepare all young people for the world of work Association for Language Learning 14-19 Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 24 The only compulsory subjects at Key stage 4 would be mathematics, English, science and ICT, with greater emphasis placed on wider skills such as citizenship, careers,

health education and work related learning. Association for Language Learning 14-19 Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 25 Context Curriculum & qualifications reform covers: new Diplomas

strengthen A levels& GCSEs, applied GCSEs. Foundation learning tier for lower attainers Functional skills (En & Ma) General Diploma - 5 GCSEs at grade A*-C including English and maths. personal, learning and thinking skills work-related learning. changes to Key Stage 3 - free up the curriculum so that there is more time to focus on the basics / provide extra challenge Association for Language Learning Key Stage 4 'Entitlement' 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 26

Context National Curriculum 1988 onwards, ML compulsory 1996-2004 Feb 2002, 14-19 Green Paper From Sep 2004, anticipating 14-19 changes, entitlement to ML, D&T, one arts subject, one humanities subject (none statutory) to allow for flexibility (e.g. vocational) QCA Guidance: 'MFL in the KS34 curriculum' Association for Language Learning Key Stage 4 'Entitlement' 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 27 Context

Jan '06 letter from Jacqui Smith schools must set target for 50%-90% continuation depending on circumstances Association for Language Learning Key Stage 4 'Entitlement' 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 28 we need to deal with the world as it is .. this is the reality Be realistic ...

what is the world as it is? how does it compare to teaching *LOTE abroad? *Languages other than English Association for Language Learning Key Stage 4 'Entitlement' 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 29 Issues relating to Dearing ..

Curriculum: which language? community language provision? how to secure 50% +?; how to attract to A level?which course? CLIL? Joint subjects? ICT? Vocational? Applied? Accelerated? How to attract lower ability and disadvantaged background? (FSM) and avoid lite subject? avoid false logic / knee-jerk reactions Association for Language Learning Key Stage 4 'Entitlement' 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 30

Issues according to Dearing .. Teaching & Learning: pupils not 'engaged'; difficult / boring'/ 'no use' (mainly lower achievers) flexible approach? intensive approach? (CULP); ICT; Businesses; Open school for Languages Opportunities for teachers 'to reflect and learn from each other and from leading practitioners' ........... 'Meanings that matter' ... CPD......?? avoid false logic / knee-jerk reactions Association for Language Learning Key Stage 4 'Entitlement' 02/07/20 all west of e ngland

31 Issues relating to Dearing .. Assessment: new GCSE spec? listening and speaking assessment stressful, unreliable - moderated teacher assessment? Applied GCSE? Languages Ladder (Asset)? NVQ language units? CBLC etc? Severe grading? Association for Language Learning Key Stage 4 'Entitlement' 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 32 An idea! (3)

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS WEEK 16-20.07.07. a bit of new language - use it that week ICT accessible to all Put me down for Chinese again next year. Xie xie! I wouldnt starve in Italy now! Association for Language Learning GCSE Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 33

Context 14-19 Education & Skills (see previous) GCSE 1988-1996- prescribed content, use of English, access to both tiers, points system, clear assessment criteria GCSE 1996-2001 - little change to content, target language testing, select tier, points for each skill needed, no dictionaries GCSE 2003 onwards - emphasis on grammar Association for Language Learning GCSE Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 34

Issues Subject content: too prescriptive? progression from KS3? boring? demand of grammar? (how does it differ from A/AS?) Scheme of assessment for S, L, R & W: fit for purpose? use of Target language / English? valid/reliable? coursework / controlled conditions? use of dictionaries? Severe Grading: impact on judgements made by pupils / teachers / managers / governors / inspectors (PTO!) Process - example Association for Language Learning Severe Grading 02/07/20 all west of e

ngland 35 An idea! (4) Establish the issues - avoid distractions /red herrings Strength of working together - e.g. ALL/SSAT Need for ACTION - continued pressure (things can drift e.g. Nuffield ...) What is going to happen? How are we going to progress this issue? Association for Language Learning GCE Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland

36 Context 14-19 Education & skills aims: retain depth of subject knowledge wider independent research & study skills Outcome (Sep 08 onwards) 4 instead of 6 assessment units Coursework only where essential Considerations: more challenge, discrimination for highest (A*?), raw scores to HEs Association for Language Learning GCE Review 02/07/20 all west of e ngland

37 Similar issues as GCSE - Issues Is stretch and challenge insufficient? Imbalance of requirements for grammar AS/A2 ? How to attract students? How to cope with Severe Grading? How to assess AO4 fairly? (knowledge of culture) Marks awarded to coursework? Association for Language Learning GCE Review 02/07/20 all west of e

ngland 38 Issues Tho' evidence of some recent recovery, numbers still much less than mid-nineties (38,000 1996, 28,000 2006) Association for Language Learning 14-19 Diplomas 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 39 2008-1013 (?) gradual introduction of diplomas equivalent to 4-6 GCSEs English, maths, science, Citizenship, ICT,

PSE, RS still compulsory Association for Language Learning HE 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 40 Recruitment from smaller A level base Some areas without local universities offering languages Year abroad dropped in response to fees? BUT: increased interest and participation in units, routes into languages, AimHigher (incl Student Associates scheme), interest in wider range of languages, ab initio courses ... & exploring Asset languages

Association for Language Learning ITT 02/07/20 all west of e ngland 41 Recruitment (prospects less secure) Retention (esp of high-flyers) Gender imbalance (2005: 296 males, 1500 females) But... Association for Language Learning A virtuous circle? An example ...

02/07/20 all west of e ngland 42 Language grading is fair, so... Pupils choose MFL at KS4, feel good after their exams and get grades in line with other subjects so... More choose at AS and get grades in line with other subjects so... More continue to A2 and so... Everyone is happy! Association for Language Learning Happy ever after?!!! 02/07/20 all west of e

ngland 43

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