THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT - Wayne County School District

THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT - Wayne County School District

THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT WOMENS RIGHTS, NAACP TO THE 1960S THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENTS The womens rights movement in the 1800s laid

the foundation for minority rights. The Civil War Amendments (pushed for by Frederick Douglas) passed by Abe Lincoln were the cornerstones. Booker T. Washington was an early advocate for civil rights. Harry Truman desegregated the military in World

War II. Ike was president when Brown v. Board was passed in 1954. HARRY TRUMAN President Truman advanced the cause of

civil rights when he ordered the desegregation of A all branches of the armed forces. B factories which produced military supplies. C all public high schools. D state-funded colleges and universities.

THE EARLY MOVEMENT Plessy v. Ferguson- 1896 Supreme Court case that established separate but equal; it legalized segregation Jim Crow Laws- discrimination laws in the South; ex.

African-Americans had curfews, couldnt testify against a white person in court, had to ride on the back of the bus Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.- preacher in Montgomery, AL who became the leader of the Mont. Bus Boycott; He led SCLC and believed in non-violence; influenced by Gandhi

Supreme court cases impact Brown vs. Board of Education-1954 Supreme Court case that outlawed segregation in schools; Thurgood Marshall was the NAACP attorney who

represented Linda Brown Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott1955; considered the beginning of the civil rights movement; She refused to give up her seat so a white man could be seated; she was arrested and a city-wide boycott began; the Supreme Ct.

BROWN V.BOARD Excerpt from Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954): We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of separate but

equal has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. Which statement BEST describes the meaning of this section of the Supreme Court ruling? A Local schools should solve their own problems. B The act of legally segregating the races in schools is unconstitutional.

C Schools should be funded in a way that provides equal amounts of money. D In order to provide equality in schools, the federal government must control local schools. Brown v. Board of Education(1954)

Rosa Parks Montgomery Bus Boycott Little Rock Nine Little Rock Nine- 9 Af-Am teenagers

integrated Little Rocks Central High despite brutal protests Greensboro and Nashville sit-ins- SNCC and other groups fought to integrate downtown lunch counters by staging sit-ins; they sat quietly and were refused service they

continued to sit peacefully and were beaten/arrested Little Rock Little Rock Nine

Blocked by Arkansas National Guard ARKANSAS AND CIVIL RIGHTS When the governor of Arkansas called up the National Guard to prevent African

American children from entering all-white public schools in 1957, President Eisenhower directed the United States Army to intervene. In this case, the president was attempting to enforce A a state law. B a federal court order.

C a congressional resolution. D an international mandate. THE RACIST SOUTH Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee- SNCC; college age students who organized non-violent protests

Freedom Riders- civil rights workers who hoped to integrate bus terminals; they rode buses from city to city in the South and often faced fierce crowds when they arrived at their destinations Bull Conner and Birmingham- Racist police commissioner of

Birmingham, AL who ordered the police/firefighters to use dogs and fire hoses on children during a protest; it was videoed and shown world wide on news stations; Bham was known as Bombingham due to the # of bombs used and violent acts that occurred BROWN V. BOARD

Excerpt from Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954): We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of separate but equal has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently

unequal. Which statement BEST describes the meaning of this section of the Supreme Court ruling? A Local schools should solve their own problems. B The act of legally segregating the races in schools is unconstitutional. C Schools should be funded in a way that provides equal amounts of money.

D In order to provide equality in schools, the federal government must control local schools. LEADERS EMERGE March on Washington- 1963; largest march in DC at that

time with 250,000 marchers; purpose was to draw attention to the Civil Rights Act that was before Congress; MLK gave his I Have A Dream speech Civil Rights Act of 1964- signed by Lyndon Johnson that outlawed discrimination in public facilities; ex. no more separate restrooms, water fountains, restaurants, etc.

Medgar Evers- state leader of the NAACP in MS; murdered in his driveway by Byron De La Beckwith in 1963; Had organized successful boycotts in Jackson, MS CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT

The purpose of the March on Washington in August 1963 was to show support for A school segregation. B civil rights legislation.

C military involvement in Vietnam. D ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment. THE EARLY UPHEAVAL

The Supreme Court supported Jim Crow laws through decisions like the one in the 1896 case of A Miranda v. Arizona. B Schenck v. United States.

C Plessy v. Ferguson. D Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Planning the March on Washington LEADERS EMERGE

James Meredith- first African-American to enroll at the University of MS (Ole Miss); violent protests occurred Ms Freedom Democratic Party- new political party formed that allowed all races to represent the state at the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City in 1964; the National Cmte refused to recognize

the MFDP and offered them two seats at large at the convention; the MFDP refused them and left Fannie Lou Hamer- MFDP delegate who was very critical of the Democratic party for not recognizing the MFDP and her speech was nationally televised The movement continues

Ms Summer Project or Freedom Summer- organized by the NAACP to recruit volunteers from across the country to come to MS in the summer of 1964 and help register African-Americans to vote; local police arrested 3 volunteers and their bodies were recovered months later in an earthen dam; inspired the movie MS Burning

Selma March- 1965; purpose was to draw attention to the lack of voting rights for African Americans; the first march ended as state troopers on horseback stopped protestors on the outskirts of Selma; troopers used tear gas on the peaceful protestors; the second march was successful b/c the president ordered the state troopers to protect the marchers

KING IS KILLED Voting Rights Act of 1965- signed by Lyndon Johnson and allowed the federal govt. to supervise voting in the south; eliminated all barriers to voting (poll tax, literacy tests, etc.)

Malcolm X- civil rights leader who was impatient with the slow progress that had been made and believed that AF-Am should fight eye for an eye for their rights; did not want to integrate into the white mans society MLK Assassination- shot on the balcony of a hotel in

Memphis, TN in 1968; was in Memphis to help a group of garbage workers who were on strike THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT Which one of the following events is generally

recognized as the start of the Civil Rights Movement? A African American college students staged a sit-in at the Woolworths lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. B A multiracial march was organized for Washington, D.C.,

to demonstrate for human rights. C Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. D Fannie Lou Hamer organized the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party so that African Americans would be

represented at the Democratic National Convention of 1964. Who are the important people that promoted civil rights? Plessy v. Ferguson- 1896 Supreme Court

case that established separate but equal; it legalized segregation Jim Crow Laws- discrimination laws in the South; ex. African Americans had curfews, couldnt testify against a white person in court, had to ride on the back of the bus

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.- preacher in Montgomery, AL who became the leader of the Mont. Bus Boycott; He led SCLC and believed in non-violence; influenced by Gandhi Important people, places and events during the Civil Rights Movement

Brown vs. Board of Education-1954 Supreme Court case that outlawed segregation in schools; Thurgood Marshall was the NAACP attorney who represented Linda Brown Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott- 1955; considered the beginning of the civil rights movement;

She refused to give up her seat so a white man could be seated; she was arrested and a city-wide boycott began; the Supreme Ct. stepped in and integrated Mont. buses Little Rock Nine- 9 African-American teenagers integrated Little Rocks Central High despite brutal protests

Places and events Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee- SNCC; college age students who organized non-violent protests Freedom Riders- civil rights workers who hoped to integrate bus terminals; they rode buses from city to city in the South and often faced fierce crowds when they

arrived at their destinations Bull Conner and Birmingham- Racist police commissioner of Bham, AL who ordered the police/firefighters to use dogs and fire hoses on children during a protest; it was videoed and shown world wide on news stations; Bham was known as Bombingham due to the # of bombs used and violent acts that

occurred THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT In 1964, volunteers went to Mississippi to work for civil rights in a movement known as Freedom Summer. What was the

MAIN goal of these volunteers? A They wanted to integrate local high schools. B They wanted to register African Americans to vote. C They wanted to organize a march on Washington, D.C. D They wanted to protest the integration of public

facilities. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Freedom Riders in Montgomery

Places and events March on Washington- 1963; largest march in DC at that time with 250,000 marchers; purpose was to draw attention to the Civil Rights Act that was before Congress; MLK gave his I Have A Dream speech Civil Rights Act of 1964- signed by Lyndon Johnson that

outlawed discrimination in public facilities; ex. no more separate restrooms, water fountains, restaurants, etc. Medgar Evers- state leader of the NAACP in MS; murdered in his driveway by Byron De La Beckwith in 1963; Had organized successful boycotts in Jackson, MS James Meredith- first Af-Am to enroll at the Univ of MS (Ole Miss); violent protests occurred

The ground breakers James Meredith- first African-American to enroll at the University of MS (Ole Miss); violent protests occurred Ms Freedom Democratic Party- new political party formed that allowed all races to represent the state at

the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City in 1964; the National Committee refused to recognize the MFDP and offered them two seats at large at the convention; the MFDP refused them and left Fannie Lou Hamer- MFDP delegate who was very critical of the Democratic party for not recognizing the MFDP and her speech was nationally televised

James Meredith at Ole Miss The contributors.. Ms Summer Project or Freedom Summer- organized by the NAACP to recruit volunteers from across the country

to come to MS in the summer of 1964 and help register African-Americans to vote; local police arrested 3 volunteers and their bodies were recovered months later in an earthen dam; inspired the movie MS Burning Selma March- 1965; purpose was to draw attention to the lack of voting rights for African-Americans; the first march ended as state troopers on horseback stopped

protestors on the outskirts of Selma; troopers used tear gas on the peaceful protestors; the second march was successful b/c the president ordered the state troopers to protect the marchers The contributors Voting Rights Act of 1965- signed by Lyndon Johnson

and allowed the federal govt. to supervise voting in the south; eliminated all barriers to voting (poll tax, literacy tests, etc.) Malcolm X- civil rights leader who was impatient with the slow progress that had been made and believed that AF-Am should fight eye for an eye for

their rights; did not want to integrate into the white mans society MLK Assassination- shot on the balcony of a hotel in Memphis, TN in 1968; was in Memphis to help a group of garbage workers who were on strike Southern Christian Leadership

Council (SCLC) Massive Resistance Emmett Till Lynching, 1955 Greensboro, N.C.

February 1, 1960 Nashville Sit-Ins A Long Wait? Non-Violent Resistance

Anniston AL lights the way! Alabama, 1963 Welcome to Birmingham

Gov. George Wallace June 12,1963: Medgar Evers Byron De La Beckwith 1963, 1994 & 1997

Birmingham, 1963 Putting on the Pressure Thomas Blanton and Bobby Frank Cherry

Guilty, 2001 John Lewis 1963 and 2003 Malcolm Little, Malcolm X , Malik El Shabazz

M&M Malcolm X and Louis X Elijah Muhammad

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