The Cold War Beginning in 1945, the Cold War was a period of distrust and misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the west, the U.S. 1 The Cold War
The Soviet Union was a communist country that believed a powerful central government should control the economy as well as the government The U.S. believed that businesses should be privately owned 2 The Cold War
After WWII, Soviet dictator Josef Stalin placed most of the Eastern European countries under communist control These countries became known as the eastern Bloc The U.S. led the Western Bloc countries of Western Bloc 3 The Cold War
The line separating the two was called the Iron Curtain 4 The Cold War Another problem of the Cold War was the division of Germany At the end of WWII, the Allies
divided Germany into four sections to keep it from regaining power * The United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union each controlled a section 5 The Cold War In 1948, the western allies wanted to reunite Germany but the Soviets disagreed The Soviets declared their section
of the country, East Germany, the reunited sections became West Germany Even the capital of Berlin in East Germany was divided into east and west 6 The Cold War In 1961, communist leaders built the Berlin Wall It separated the communist
part of the city from the free sections 7 The Cold War ************** Some countries under communist rule tried to break away from the Soviet Union, but the
Soviets sent the military into these countries to keep them in line Each side in this Cold War thought the other was trying to rule the world 8 The Cold War Neither side gave up, and people lived in fear that another world war might erupt People worried that if such a
war happened, it would be a nuclear war Such a war would be a disaster for everyone on the Earth 9 The Cold War Countries formed new alliances to protect themselves In 1949, the Western European countries
plus the U.S. and Canada formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 10 The Cold War The eastern countries signed the Warsaw Pact 11
The Cold War ************** As the Cold War continued the United States and the Soviet Union increased their area of influence more countries allied with each other The United States and the Soviet Union had the ability to influence world events and project worldwide power
12 The Cold War The countries were evenly matched The world took sides, communist or democracy, socialist or free market 13
The Cold War **************** The Soviet Union influenced other communist countries and dictatorships around the world The Soviets occupied the largest country in the world 14
The Cold War The Soviet Union had the 3rd largest population in the world, and the 2nd largest economy The Soviets had military and space technology, a worldwide spy network (KGB) and one of the largest stockpiles of nuclear weapons in the world 15
The Cold War ************ The 3rd largest country in the world, the United States also had strong ties with Western Europe and Latin America The United States supported underdeveloped countries and developing ones The United States had powerful military support from NATO 16
The Cold War The largest navy in the world, and bases all over the world, even bordering the Warsaw Pact countries The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) spent money to spy on the Soviet Union * The U.S. had a large reserve of nuclear weapons 17
SS6H7C The Soviet Union was spending more and more of its money putting down revolts within its country, protecting its borders, and keeping up with the U.S. in the arms race 18 SS6H7C By 1985, the economy was
so unstable that Mikhail Gorbachev, the head of the Soviet Union, reduced government control of business and increased freedoms for Soviet citizens 19 SS6H7C These actions helped to improve relations with the U.S. and inspired people in other
Eastern Bloc countries to demand freedom for communist rule 20 SS6H7C In November 1989, the Berlin Wall was torn down, and Germany began the process of unifying People around the world
celebrated East and West Germany were made one country in 1990 21 SS6H7C The Cold War was over The Soviet Republics that had once been separate countries began seeking their independence too The Soviet Union was no more
Many countries were created from the former Soviet Union, Russia was the largest 22
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