The Cost of Child Abuse Hawaii Childrens Trust Fund April 2009 Stephen J. Bavolek, Ph.D. Family Nurturing Centers. Inc. Child maltreatment is any act or series of acts by a parent or caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of
harm to a child. Child maltreatment can be divided into two categories: Acts of Commission Three broad categories of abuse: Physical
Sexual Emotional (psychological and verbal abuse; mental injury) Acts of Omission Neglect Failure to provide
for the childs basic needs Physical Emotional Medical Educational Failure to protect a child Inadequate supervision
Exposure to violent and unsafe environments Child Protective Services (CPS) confirmed approximately 905,000 cases of child maltreatment in the US in 2007. 1,530 children died
in 2007 4 Children die each day in the US Hawaii in 2004 3,629victims
of child maltreatment 1,823 removed from their National Surveys reveal
about 1 in 8 children ages 2 to 17 years reported having experienced maltreatment. Victim Facts 60% Neglect 20% Physical Abuse 10% Sexual Abuse 7%
Emotional Abuse Maltreatment by Gender Boys and girls are about equally likely to be abused or neglected
Maltreatment by Race Wujdfhw32r3 56% White 26% Black 11% Hispanic 2% American Indian or Alaska Indian
1% Asian-Pacific Islanders Child Deaths 41% of children killed were younger than 1year old 76% of children killed were younger than 4 years old Reporting Sources
57% of reports came from professionals 16% Teachers 16% Law and Law Enforcement 13% Social Service Workers
Reporting Sources 44% came from non- professional sources such as parents, relatives, friends and neighbors 10% came from anonymous sources
Adults reveal high rates of childhood maltreatment: 20% to 32% of women 14% to 40 % of men Child maltreatment often has immediate effects: traumatic brain injury death
childhood emotional and behavioral problems Prevent Child Abuse America Children who have been abused or neglected are more likely to experience adverse outcomes
throughout their life span in a number of areas: Poor Physical Health Chronic fatigue Altered immune function Hypertension Sexually transmitted
diseases Obesity Poor Emotional Health Depression Anxiety Eating Disorders Suicidal thoughts and attempts Post-traumatic stress disorder
Social Difficulties Insecure attachments with caregivers Difficulties in developing trusting relationships Cognitive Dysfunction Deficits in attention,
Abstract reasoning Language development Problem solving skills Poor school performance High Risk Behaviors Higher number of lifetime sexual partners
Younger age of first voluntary intercourse Teen pregnancy Alcohol and substance abuse Behavioral Problems Aggression Juvenile Delinquency Adult criminality
Abusive and violent behavior Direct Costs for CAN Hospitalization $6,625,959,263 Mental Health Care System $1,080,706,049 Child Welfare Services System 361,329,051 Law Enforcement
$33,307,770 Total Direct Costs 33,101,302,133 $25, $ Total Indirect Costs for CAN
Special Education $2,410,306,242 Juvenile Delinquency $7,174,814,134 Mental Health and Health Care 67,863,457 Adult Criminal Justice System 979, 811, 982 Lost Productivity to Society 33,019,919,544
Total Indirect Costs $ $27, $ Safe, Stable and Nurturing Relationships (SSNRs) Center for Disease Control
(CDC) in Atlanta has identified safe, stable and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) between caregivers and children as the foundation to empower parents and Safe, Stable and Nurturing
Relationships (SSNRs) Description and Content Components of Parent Training Programs: 1.Child Development Knowledge and Care Developmentally appropriate physical care such as feeding, diapering, home safety;
Learning child development for Safe, Stable and Nurturing Relationships (SSNRs) 2. Positive Interactions with Child Learning the importance of positive, nondisciplinary interactions with children; Using skills that promote positive parentchild interactions Providing positive attention
Safe, Stable and Nurturing Relationships (SSNRs) 3. Responsiveness, Sensitivity and Nurturing Demonstrating empathy in responding to childrens emotional and psychological needs Being positively attuned to childrens needs and desires Using gentle touch like massage regularly
Engaging in activities that promote positive parent-child attachment Safe, Stable and Nurturing Relationships (SSNRs) 4. Emotional Communication Using relationship building communication skills like active listening, honoring a childs desire, problem solving, negotiation and
compromise. Helping children identify and appropriately express feelings. Avoiding the use of blaming and taking responsibility of ones feelings. Safe, Stable and Nurturing Relationships (SSNRs) 5. Disciplinary
Communication Using re-direction away from dangerous to safer situations. Using praise for being and praise for doing to promote positive self-worth and self-esteem. Using choices and consequences Empowering to act in Using power stories to reinforce desired behaviors.
Safe, Stable and Nurturing Relationships (SSNRs) 6. Discipline and Behavior Management Establishing discipline practices that promote the dignity of all family members. Using behavior management strategies that promote and reinforce healthy
emotional growth. Incorporating dignified reward and punishment techniques in promoting desired behaviors. Safe, Secure and Nurturing Relationships (SSNRs) 7. Promoting Childrens Social Skills Sharing
Cooperating Using good manners Making good social choices Choosing a peer group that supports healthy morals Valuing being a member of a social club Safe, Stable and Nurturing Relationships (SSNRs) 8. Promoting Childrens
Cognitive Skills Fostering childrens brain development through cognitive/sensory experiences. Promoting childrens language and literacy development. Enhancing childrens school readiness. Nurturing Parenting Programs For more information on evidence-based
Nurturing Parenting Programs and on valid and reliable parenting assessments, contact: Family Development Resources Phone 800-688 5822 E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.nurturingparenting.com Training website: www.nurturingtraining.com
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