The Empire Declines

The Empire Declines

The Empire Declines A.D. 180 - Pax Romana ends with emperor Marcus Aurelius death Last Great Roman Emperor Emperor in Gladiator A philosophical king wrote a book called Meditations described the nature of rulership Persecuted Christians, however Emperors ineffective because: Corruption Incompetency Not skilled Assassination Started with Commodus, Marcus Aurelius son psychotic/neurotic in the movie and in real life paranoid and had many murdered Strangled to death while taking a bath Assassination

Corruption Incapable Rulers Romes Economy Weakens Weakened Rome: Hostile tribes shake Romes trade Attacked ships carrying goods from places like India and China to Rome Inflation Value of money drops/prices rise Rome ran out of resources expanding tried to print more money

Soil Depletion Soil loses nutrients makes people starve Soil needs to rest-not be planted in year after year if crops are to grow there. Otherwise, all the nutrients will be absorbed Soil Depletion Hostile Tribes Inflation Military and Political Turmoil Third century A.D. - Soldiers loyal to commanders, not Rome

Commanders often fought for the throne many emperors after the Pax Romana are going to be generals/commanders Government uses MercenariesForeign soldiers paid to fight Mercenaries accepted less pay than Romans, but they had even less loyalty to Rome than the Romans did Average citizens lose interest in the affairs of Rome

They were disillusioned/disappointed at the nearly constant fighting for who would be the next emperor Felt that empire didnt care about their well being Emperors Attempt Reform A.D. 284 - Emperor Diocletian divided empire in two Greek-speaking East Latin-speaking West Diocletian believed the empire had grown to big and complex for one ruler; he decided to divide it Power is now shared between two emperors; one in the Western Roman Empire, one in the Eastern Roman Empire A.D. 305 Diocletian retired due to bad

health, civil war started when he did Four people fought for the throne, including Constantine who saw the vision of the cross Diocletian Division of the Empire Constantine Moves The Capital Constantine becomes emperor of Western Empire in A.D. 312 Shortly thereafter he legalizes Christianity Christians wont be persecuted A.D. 324 - Constantine takes Eastern Empire and moves capital to Constantinople

ConstantinopleCity of Constantine Will be the wealthiest city in Europe during the Middle Ages/Crusades Foreign Invasions The Roman Empire suffers through several invasions Military is less disciplined, has low morale, many soldiers are mercenaries Attila lead Mongol nomads from Asia, the Huns,

and invaded northern borders of empire Attila had the land pillaged and sacked Romans were fearful of Attila until his death (nosebleed on wedding night) Germanic tribes sacked Rome in A.D. 410 The Western Empire Falls Last Roman emperor falls to Germans in 476; end of Western Empire End of the Roman Empire begins Dark Ages in Europe Civilization/culture comes to a

halt almost entirely until the 1400/1500s Eastern Empire thrives for another thousand years (Byzantine Empire) Later falls to Muslim Turks in 1458 The Legacy of Rome Language and Architecture Latin was official language of Roman Catholic Church until 1900s Latin develops into Romance languages (French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian) More than half the words in English stem from Latin

Romans pioneer use of arch, domes and concrete Romans built aqueductsStructures that bring water to towns Will be used by future societies basis of plumbing system today Invasions into the Roman Empire, AD. 350 500 (pg. 175) Burgundians Franks Huns Ostrogoths

Angles/Saxons/Jutes Vandals Visigoths Name: Date Period: Term List 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Europe Britain Spain Gaul

Italy Africa Anatolia Egypt Syria Asia North Sea Adriatic Sea Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Rhine River Dnieper River Danube River Don River Bosporus Strait Carthage Constantinople Jerusalem

Alexandria 1. Color Eastern/Western Empires different colors 2. Color the rest of the and/ water bodies different colors 3. Draw/label the invasion routes the invaders took- color over them Use pgs. 173 177 to complete the handout!! Clash of the Titans (2010) Perseus (Sam Worthington), the son of Zeus (Liam Neeson), is caught in a war between gods and is helpless to save his family from Hades (Ralph Fiennes), the god of the underworld. With nothing left to lose, Perseus leads a band of warriors on a dangerous quest to prevent Hades from

overthrowing the king of the gods and laying waste to Earth. Characters Perseus Hero of the Story and Son of Zeus Zeus King of the Gods, Perseus father Hades God of the Underworld Io Guide to Perseus; love interest Draco Greek soldier who accompanies Perseus Kraken Giant monster; offspring of Hades Andromeda Princess of Argos; cursed to be sacrificed to the Kraken Pegasus Winged steed that helps Perseus Danae Mother of Perseus King Arcisius/Calibos King turned monster, former husband of Danae; wants revenge on Zeus

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