The Feminist Perspective Frailty, thy name is woman! What is feminism? Feminism is the drive to achieve rights and equality for women in social, political and economic life. Feminism is not necessarily anti-men, but is against sexism: the beliefs and practices which structure and maintain the subordination and
oppression of women. Feminism reveals and challenges the cultural shaping of gender roles in all social institutions: the family, work, politics, religion, and, of course, in literature and drama (Rex Gibson) What does a Feminist Perspective attempt to do? Women are oppressed by patriarchy economically, politically, socially, and psychologically; patriarchal ideology is the primary means by which they are kept soIn every domain where patriarchy reigns, woman is other: she is marginalized, defined only by her difference from male norms and values (Tyson, cited by Brizee and Tompkins)
Feminist criticism attempts to expose the shortcomings of patriarchal ideology in addressing the experience of women: how they think and act (Gibson) All feminist activity, including feminist theory and literary criticism, has as its ultimate goal to change the world by prompting gender equality (Tyson, cited by Brizee and Tompkins) The crux of the matter
There were no feminists in Shakespeares time Feminists really only started to actively challenge the patriarchal system in the late 1700s (Brizee and Tompkins) So, how can we as 21st century readers consider the females point of view and draw meaning from the text as it relates to gender? How do we challenge the male interpretation of the text?
Some questions to ponder in feminist criticism: How is the relationship between men and women portrayed? What are the power relationships between men and women (or characters assuming male/female roles)?
How are male and female roles defined? What constitutes masculinity and femininity? How do characters embody these traits? What does the work reveal about the operations (economically, politically, socially, or psychologically) of patriarchy? What does the work imply about the possibilities of sisterhood as a mode of resisting patriarchy? What does the work say about women's creativity? What does the history of the work's reception by the public and by the critics tell us about the operation of patriarchy? (Brizee and Tompkins) The Issue in Hamlet: Hamlets misogynistic attitude toward
his girlfriend, Ophelia, and his mother, Gertrude, may have seemed perfectly reasonable to Shakespeares original audience. But what are we to make of it today? (Margaret Jane Kidnie, University of Western Ontario, 2008) So what does a feminist reading of Hamlet look like?
Some feminists readings will say Shakespeare supports male domination: In Elizabethan England, Hamlets harsh attitudes towards women are typical Women were seen as weak and in need of mens protection Therefore, we need to read the text in historical context Other critics will argue:
Shakespeare was ahead of his time and actually created strong female characters, if we just look closely enough to discover them (Kidnie) Maybe Shakespeare was genuinely alert to the female experience (Gibson) maybe we just need to read between the lines and fill in the gaps with our own politics and perspectives (Kidnie) Others still will say:
Shakespeares plays express the realities of limited female power in Elizabethan England But they also express the potential for female freedom and equality (Gibson) Or. Shakespeare was just simply sexist and we shouldnt read his plays at all A feminist reading.
Will consider the historical context Perhaps read against the grain or against the Elizabethan audiences interpretation of female characters (Kidnie) Sources: Brizee, Allen, and J. Case Tompkins. Feminist Criticism (1960s to Present).
Owl Purdue Online Writing Lab. Gibson, Rex. Teaching Shakespeare. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 1998. Print. Kidnie, Margaret Jane. Their Name is Woman. Teaching Shakespeare. Stratford Shakespeare Festival, 2008.
KS5. A Level English . Language. English Literature. English . Language and Literature. English . Baccalaureate (EBacc) In performance tables, the EBacc shows how many students got a GCSE grade C or above in English, maths, 2 sciences, a language,...
Delegate model (representational view) Explain why a member of Congress might sometimes act as a trustee (attitudinal view) rather than a delegate (representational view). FREE RESPONSE RUBRIC. Part (a): 1 . point -
During the 1920's these women wore short dresses, went dancing, smoked and drank alcohol. He said people had id, ego and superego. Linked sexuality to many problems. A section of New York City, song writers and musical ideas mixed together...
pelton. wheel to create oscillating movement without need for electricity. Adjustable sweep angle between 0 and 360 in only a second. Low pressure (75 PSI) required to activate oscillation. Suitable for operation between 75 PSI and 220 PSI. Durable high-grade...
C-TPAT - Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism. TSA as an Indirect Air Carrier (IAC) ISO 9004-2000 and 14001:2004. OHSAS18001:1999. SmartWay™ Transport Partner. IATA Endorsed by CNS. OFAC and FCPA Compliant. Government Associations: NDTA - National Defense Transportation Association. DOD Approved...
Image of Lynmouth floods removed for copyright reasons Image of Tewkesbury during the 2007 summer floods removed for copyright reasons 2. Geography's purpose? Is it to understand - is it to preach? 'The replacement of knowledge with morality as the...
Modeling estimated that, among children born during 1994- 2018, vaccination will prevent an estimated 419 million illnesses, 26.8 million hospitalizations, and 936,000 early deaths over the course of their lifetimes, at a net savings of $406 billion in direct costs...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!