The Greek Gods

The Greek Gods

THE PRIMORDIAL GODS A guide & work in progress PRIMORDIAL GODS Also known as Primordial Deities Protogenoi or first beings Elementals meaning they had no bodies They are the basic components of the universe which were emerged at creation. They included Earth, Air, Sea, Sky, Fresh Water, Underworld, Darkness, Night, Light, Day, Procreation and Time.

Chaos Tartaru s Gaia Eros Nyx Typho n Aether

Ourea (Mountain s) Uranus Momo s Pono s Moros

Thanato s Hypnos The Hesperide s Erebus Hemer a Pontus

Geras The Keres & The Moiria Nemesis Apate Philotes Eris YOUR SLIDE

Origin of the Monster/Creature (parents or creation) Roman Name? Male or female? What are they the god of? / Where do they dwell? Any important relationships to other gods or fun facts Picture or Artists Rendering STUDENT SLIDES CHAOS Origin: Chaos is the Origin of all things AKA: Chaos, Haos, Khaos, Arche. (No clear gender. More of a thing than a being) Source of which everything was created including the universe and the gods. (The Primordial Primordial). Chaos is also a place. It is its own home It is the creator of Gaia, Eros, Nyx, Tartarus, Erebus. And has some direct relation with all of the

Primordial. Chaos is the origin The only being to be around since the beginning of time Chaos is the void into which everything is created From Chaos, without a mate, came Gaia, Eros, Tartarus Its literally just a void, no gender, no physical form, nothing. Its an endless void of nothingness TARTARUS Tartarus was a primordial god that came from Chaos and Gaea. No roman name and is a male. Tartarus is a name used to describe the underworld, where it was the most horrible prison The judges of the underworld, Aeacus and Minos, would

decide who would go to Hades (heaven) or Tartarus (hell). Origin: Chaos birthed Tartarus Gender: Male Relationships: son of Chaos, father of Typhon, had a child with Gaia, created the same time with Gaia, Eros, Nyx, and Erebus God: God of the Underworld and is a horrible prison that terrible monsters and people are sent Dwell: it dwells in itself; it is a place Fun Fact: Many of the Titans are locked away in Tartarus; third in rank behind Chaos and Gaia EROS Origin- Believed to be son of Aphrodite (goddess of love)

and Ares (god of war) Gender - Male Roman Name- Cupid God of love and sexual desire, also fertility Lives on Mount Olympus Has the power to make anyone fall in love Carries a bow and arrow TYPHON 100 dragon heads Parents-Gaia and Tartarus Male God of monsters and was condemned to the underworld Father of monsters such as Ladon, Cerberus,

Sphinx, Chimera, Hydra, Nemean Lion, Orthus. Battle with Zeus and was defeated and sent to the underworld most feared monster in all Greek mythology no other mythical creature, god or monster was as powerful, dangerous, or deadly. Origin: Uranus was conceived by Gaia alone, but other sources cite Aether (personification of the upper air) as his father. Roman name: Caelus (Latin for sky or "the heavens or celestial). Primordial God of the Sky The Greeks thought of the sky as a solid

brass dome that was decorated with stars. Uranus was the literal sky. FUN FACTS ABOUT URANUS Married his sister, Gaea ( Primordial Goddess of Earth) Banished his first sons, the Cyclopes, to Tartarus out of disgust Murdered by his son Kronos with a diamond sickle given to Kronos by Gaea Kronos severed Uranuss genitals, and threw them into the ocean. This created sea foam from which Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty, was born.

OUREA (ROMAN: MONTANUS) The Ourea were the Protogenoi (primeval gods) or rustic Daimones (spirits) of the mountains The ten ourea Aitna, Athos, Helikon, Kithairon, Nysos, Olympus 1, Olympus 2, Oreios, Parnes, and Tmolus were the offspring of Gaia alone. PONTUS Was a male primordial god who ruled Sea Son of Gaia (has no father)

Pontus and Gaia had five children (Nereus, Thaumas, Phorcys, Ceto and Eurybia) Lived in the Sea His wife was Thalassa Pontus was also the father of fish and other sea creatures Also known as Pontos NYX PARENTS OF NYX ARE KHAOS(GREEK DIETI OF CHOAS) AND PHANES(GREEK DIETI OF CREATION, LIFE) NYXS ROMAN NAME IS NOX, SHE IS A FEMALE NYX IS THE DIETI OF NIGHT/ HER HOME

IS EREBUS AND SKY NYX COUPLING WITH EREBUS(DARKNESS) SHE FORMED AITHER(LIGHT) AND HEMERA(DAY) NYX ALONE FORMED THE THREE FATES(GODDESS OF DESTINY AND FATE), PAIN(), SLEEP, STRIFE AND DEATH Mal e Child of Chaos Lived in Erebus

Embodiment of primordial darkness EREBUS Bared children Nyx(sister): Aether (the bright upper atmosphere ) and Hemera

(Day). Charon (the ferry-man) AetherGod of Heavenly air -opposed to mortal air Chaos -or air of the underworld Erebos Son of Erebus (darkness) and Nyx(night) Father to Gaea(earth), Thalassa(sea), and Uranus(heavens) Roman name Ether HEMERA Parents: Erebus and Nyx

Goddess of Daytime Roman Equivalent: Dies Brother/husband: Aether Lives: At the ends of the earth, where lie the roots of earth, sea, Tartaros Momus Momus is a creation. His roman name is Querella. Momus is the God or personify spirit of mocker, blame, ridicule, scorn, complaint, and hash criticism. He was expelled by Zeus from heaven for ridiculing the gods.

PONOS The god of hard labor and toil. Son of Eris, goddess of discord and grandson of Nyx, the goddess of night. His siblings were Horcus, Limos, Algea, the Hysminai, the Makhai, the Phonoi, the Androktasiai, the Neikea, the Pseudologoi, the Amphilogiai, Dysnomia, Ate, and Lethe. They were all personifications of wrong doings or negative situations, such as pain, fights, murder, lies and forgetfulness. Moros Nyx

The Fates Moros was the god o impending doom who drove mortals to their doom Moros had no father but he was the son of Nyx He also was the brother of the Morai or the Fates All of the major and minor gods that were not related to him lived in fear of what Moros

could or would do to them. THANATOS Origin: Son of Nyx(night) and Erebos(darkness) Male. Roman name: Mors or Letum. Personifies death Not in many myths One with Sisyphus and one with Hercules HYPNOS Mother- Nyx, Father- Erebus Hypnos is a Male The God of Sleep

Lives in the Underworld Him and his brother Thanatos Death, both live in the Underworld His father Erebus, was a part of Hades GERAS Son of Nyx, goddess of the night, and Erebos, god of darkness Roman Name: Senectus Geras is male God of old age Depicted as a very small, skinny, and shriveled up old man

THE HESPERIDES Daughters of Erebus and Nyx 3-7 of them Nymphs of the Sunset Garden of Hesperides belonged to Hera Golden apples believed to grant immortality grew there Hesperides guarded them with Ladon, the 100 headed dragon One apple started the chain of events leading to the Trojan War One of Herculess tasks was to steal an apple THE KERES Origin: Agents of the Fates, Daughters

of Nyx and Erebos Translation: Death Spirit, Doom Female spirits of violent/cruel death Thousands of Keres haunted the battlefield, searching for dead soldiers to feed off of Personification of misery NEMESIS Goddess of Revenge and Retribution Origins Daughter of Zeus Gender Female Other information

Spirit of divine retribution against those who are arrogant towards the gods. Also known as the inescapable Goddess who lured Narcissus to the APATE (ROMAN: FRAUS) She is the personification of deceit of guile, fraud, and deception She is one of the evil spirits released from Pandora's box PHILOTES

Female She was the spirit of friendship, affection and sex Parents are Erobes and Nyx She was considered the opposite of the Neikea (the Feuds) Her siblings are said to be Apate (Deceit) and Nemesis (Envy) ERIS Child of Nyx alone Female; no Roman name Goddess of chaos, strife, and discord

Dwells in Erebus, or the Greek underworld She was responsible for the start of the Trojan War. THE COMPLETE PRIMORDIAL GODS/GODDESS FAMILY TREE (Pre-Titan Generation) Chaos Tartaru s Gaia Eros

Nyx Typho n Aether Ourea (Mountain s) Uranus Momo s

Pono s Moros Thanato s Hypnos The Hesperide s

Erebus Hemer a Pontus Geras The Keres & The Moiria Nemesis Apate

Philotes Eris

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