THE GREEK POLIS: SPARTA AND ATHENS The Greek Polis: What is a Polis? POLIS a Greek city-state. *What is a city-state?* ACROPOLIS a citadel
on top of a hill. AGORA town marketplace. What purpose did the acropolis serve? Sparta SPARTA a polis in southern Greece with the strongest army of any Greek city-state.
Spartan Government ARISTOCRATS nobles. OLIGARCHY a government where aristocrats rule Spartan Social Classes Spartans were too concerned with war to be bothered by farming and trading. The Spartans owned slaves
called HELOTS. farmed the land were treated poorly outnumbered Spartans 20 times! Trading was done by merchants called PERIOECI. were not citizens of Sparta
Spartan Art Statue honoring King Leonidas from the Persian War. Statue of a Spartan girl playing sports. The Spartan Way of Life
Spartan Men: were raised to join the military married when they were 20 couldnt leave the army until 60 Spartan Women: Had more freedom than other Greek women played sports
were educated taught to fight and hunt Spartans were so focused on being strong that they inspected babies if the baby was unhealthy it was left to die. Athens ATHENS a polis in southern Greece known for its government.
The Parthenon Athenian Government DEMOCRACY a government where all citizens can vote. CONSTITUTION, set of laws/rules for
government to follow. The Assembly and Council of 500 Assembly (like our congress) All men vote at age of 18 pass laws Council of 500
500 men chosen make decisions about daily life A member served for 2 years could not be elected more than twice. Persia Orange = Persia
Green = Greece PERSIA was the biggest empire in the world and tried to conquer Greece. The Persian Wars are wars between Greece and Persia that lasted from 490 to 480 B.C. The Delian League Pericles was the general of the
Athenian navy and ruled over Athens for 30 years. Delian League, a group of city-states that worked together as allies. Athens was the head of the league This group was meant to protect Greece from Persian in the future.
The Fall of Athens Other cities became jealous of Athens's power (Sparta especially!) PELOPONNESIAN WAR a war between Athens and Sparta Lasted 30 years Sparta won! Athens was left in ruins MERCENARIES hired
soldiers After the war many Greek men became mercenaries for Persia. The Fall of Greece Greece was eventually invaded and taken over by Philip II of Macedonia in 338 B.C.E. After Sparta defeated Athens they ruled over Greece.
Harsh rulers (people didnt like them!) Lead to wars between cities
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