The Harlem Renaissance - American History II with Ms. Byrne

The Harlem Renaissance - American History II with Ms. Byrne

The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance African American culture began to flourish in the 1920s, especially in Harlem, a subsection of Manhattan, in New York City This era of change and growth is referred to as the Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance helped give a new vocabulary and dynamic to race relations

in the United States Migrants Face Challenges and Experience Chances Wages in northern cities were far better than want a sharecropper could earn in the South African Americans also started to experience a growing political voice in the North There was a growing middle and upper class of

blacks in those cities Migrants Face Challenges and Experience Chances However, the North still displayed plenty of discrimination and oppression They were forced to take the worst housing and received the lowest wages New York Citys Harlem became a focal point for the aspirations of hundreds

of thousands of blacks Garvey Calls for Racial Pride Marcus Garvey, born in Jamaica, travelled widely before immigrating to the United States in 1916 He observed that blacks were exploited all around the world He promoted the idea of universal black nationalism and organized a back to Africa movement Garvey advocated a separation of the races, unlike Du Bois and Washington By the mid-1920s his Universal Negro

Improvement Association had almost 2.5 million members and sympathizers Eventually his movement fell apart when he was jailed for mail fraud and deported to Jamaica The Jazz Age The term jazz age was coined by F. Scott Fitzgerald and refers to the changing culture of the 1920s However, jazz itself was created by African American musicians Jazz is a musical form based on

improvisation, combining elements from blues, ragtime, and European-based popular music First emerged in the South, particularly New Orleans, and followed African Americans north in the Great Migration Jazz Gains Popularity Louis Armstrong became the unofficial leader of the jazz movement with his masterful playing of the trumpet and subtle sense of improvisation

Bessie Smith became a very popular female jazz vocalist who earned the nickname Empress of the Blues Jazz was played in speakeasies all over the country, eventually gaining popularity all over the world Jazz Gains Popularity Duke Ellington coined the term swing in his hit song It Dont Mean a Thing if it Aint Got

that Swing Jazz began to bridge the gap between the races with success from white jazz musicians George Gershwin, Cole Porter, and Irving Berlin African American Literature In the 1920s, the term New Negro emerged suggesting a radical break with the past No longer with African

Americans silently endure the old ways of exploitation and discrimination African American novelists, essayists, poets, and journalists became attracted to this new attitude in Harlem African American Literature Jean Toomers Cane (1923), a collection of short stories, poems, and sketches, set the tone for the Harlem Renaissance with its presentation of African American

culture Claude McKay, a Jamaican immigrant, became a leader in African American literature with his novels and poems which showed ordinary black Americans struggling for dignity and advancement African American Literature Langston Hughes was one of the most powerful voices of the Harlem Renaissance For Hughes, the movement was not political, but instead was a celebration of African American culture and life

Hughes published more than 50 works in which he captured the remarkable diversity of everyday African American life Zora Neale Hurston traveled the rural back roads for her native Florida, collecting folk tales Her 1937 novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, expressed the new longing for independence felt by many women of the 1920s Dreams Langston Hughes Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die

Life is a broken-winged bird That cannot fly. Hold fast to dreams For when dreams go Life is a barren field Frozen with snow. Harlem (Dreams Deferred) What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore And then run?

Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode? Their Eyes Were Watching God Ships at a distance have every mans wish on board. For some they come in with the tide. For others they sail forever on the horizon, never out of sight, never landing until the Watcher turns his eyes away in resignation, his dreams mocked to death by Time. That is the

life of men. Now, women forget all those things they dont want to remember, and remember everything they dont want to forget. The dream is the truth. Then they act and do things accordingly. Lasting Impact of the Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance gave a voice to African Americans that was never seen before It altered the way many white Americans viewed African American culture The Harlem Renaissance ended with the national financial collapse and also ended the

nations decade of prosperity However, the sense of identity created continued to grow throughout the entirety of the 20th century, becoming the foundation of the civil rights movement

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Part I: Introduction - Fredonia.edu

    Part I: Introduction - Fredonia.edu

    We subscribe to Altera Quartus design software and serve its three floating licenses We have recently acquired membership in Xilinx University Program with 50 seats floating license for their Project Navigator and other accessories Xilinx has donated its Spartan3E programmable...
  • Introduction to Animation - Boston University

    Introduction to Animation - Boston University

    OpenGL, OpenSceneGraph, Maya Erik Brisson ... Spring 2010 Image credits OpenGL geometric data structures The OpenGL Programming Guide ("The Red Book") Addison-Wesley Scene Graph www.opensg.org IS&T Scientific Visualization Tutorial - Spring 2010 IS&T Scientific Visualization Tutorial ...
  • JOptionPane

    JOptionPane

    showInputDialog. Merupakan prompt yang digunakan untuk menerima inputan user. Nilai yang dimasukkan user ke dalam prompt bertipe Object, sehingga inputan bisa dimasukkan ke dalam variabel bertipe string. Apabila anda ingin memasukkan inputan ke dalam variabel bertipe int maupun double, anda...
  • The Gold Coin - California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

    The Gold Coin - California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

    Words to practice syllabication6 syllable type review. fa - ble consonant-le . in - sis - tent prefix, VCCV pattern. brim - ming VCCV pattern
  • Basic Logic Gates - Oakland University

    Basic Logic Gates - Oakland University

    Times New Roman Courier New Arial Blank Presentation Microsoft Visio Drawing Basic Gates Verilog Basic Gates Slide 3 NOT Gate AND Gate 4-Input AND Gate OR Gate 4-Input OR Gate Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate 2-Input XOR Gate 4-Input XOR Gate Exclusive-NOR...
  • Emotion, stress and health

    Emotion, stress and health

    Stress and stressor. Stress is a pattern of responses characterized by negative emotions, like anxiety, fear or anger, and other distressing emotional states, linked with biochemical and physiological reactions which disturbs equilibrium and exceeds the ability to cope (Strelau, 2016)
  • OHIM web services Etienne Sanz de Acedo OHIM-General

    OHIM web services Etienne Sanz de Acedo OHIM-General

    OHIM web services Etienne Sanz de Acedo OHIM-General Affairs & External Relations Department www.oami.eu.int www.oami.eu.int Today's presentation: e-business - what it is and why e-business - what is available e-business - the next steps What is e-business "The most advanced...
  • PowerPoint bemutató

    PowerPoint bemutató

    Programozási nyelvek Talata István Programozás feladatok megfogalmazása számítógép számára végrehajtója a számítógép hardvere és operációs rendszere bináris alakban, 0 - 1 sorozat formában kerül végrehajtásra egy program programozási nyelv: a szabályrendszer, amelyben megírják a feladatot (programot) a számítógép számára Alacsony...