The Holocaust - rhsweb.org

The Holocaust - rhsweb.org

Genocide Why humans kill humans Genocide: the systematic killing of a whole people or nation

Armenians in Turkey Stalins forced famine Rape of Nanking Nazi Holocaust: Poll Pot in Cambodia:

Bosnia-Herzegovina: Rwanda 1915-1918 1.5 million 1932-1933 7 million 1937-1938 300,000

1938-1945 - 6 million 1975-1979 - 2 million 1992-1995 - 200,000 1994 - 800,000 Learning from History.

"Who remembers now the extermination of the Armenians?" Adolph Hitler Stages of Genocide

Why didnt Germans Protest? "In Germany they came first for the Communists and I didn't speak up because I was not a Communist. Then they came for the Jews and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the

Catholics and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me ... and by that time there was no one left to speak up." Martin Niemeller (1892-1984) FREE-WRITE

How do leaders convince people to hate another group of human beings? What lessons can mankind learn from the Holocaust? The Holocaust

Hitlers View Germanic People (Aryans) were a master race Jews and others were inferior Nazi propaganda preached Anti-Semitism

Holocaust Reading Secrecy of Camps I should ask you to take pains to instruct the accompanying guards before every journey not to

instill thoughts of resistance by voicing in their presence supposition about the type of quarters Road to Genocide 1933- prosecution of Jews became Govt Policy 1935- Nuremberg Laws passed which deprived

Jews of German citizenship, jobs and property 1938 Kristallnacht-night of broken glass--Germans attack Jewish homes & businesses Yellow Star Hitlers Plan

Step 1: Immigration: tried to export Jews other countries to Britain 80,000 U.S. 100,000 France 25,000

Latin America 40,000 Step 2: Ghettos: Hitler turned to isolation as immigration proved limited Step 3: Final Solution- moved Jews to concentration camps and began mass killings

Jewish Population in 1939 Ghettos Overcrowded areas of cities, sealed off with barbed wire and stone walls

Final Solution: Concentration Camps Mass Extermination Began in early 1942

Built gas chambers-could kill 6,000 a day Later added ovens to burn the dead Hitler also targeted gypsies, homosexuals and mentally ill

Concentrations camps were spread throughout Europe The Final Numbers 6,000,000 Jewish deaths

Poland Soviet Union Hungary Romania Germany

Original Population 3,300,000 2,850,000 650,000 600,000

240,000 Killed 3,000,000 1,252,000

450,000 300,000 200,000 Sorting Shoes at Auschwitz

CRITICAL THINKING Why did this happen? Genocide has occurred many times throughout history (How can a leader of a country produce such hatred towards others?)

FREE-WRITE How do leaders convince people to hate another group of human beings? What lessons can mankind learn from the Holocaust?

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